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flag  History of Dover, New Hampshire, USA

Journey back in time to Dover, New Hampshire, USA

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Dover, New Hampshire, USA - Palace Organs Manufactured by the Loring & Blake Organ Company The Best in the World D. Lothrop & Co., Agents, Dover, N.H.

Dover, Strafford, New Hampshire, USA

On December 30, 1828, about 400 mill girls walked out of the Dover Cotton Factory enacting the first women's strike in the United States. The Dover mill girls were forced to give in when the mill owners immediately began advertising for replacement workers.

Dover was settled in 1623. It is the oldest permanent settlement in New Hampshire.

There is MUCH more to discover about Dover, New Hampshire, USA. Read on!

Dover Nostalgia: Vintage Photos, Ads, and Postcards

Dover, New Hampshire, USA

Palace Organs
Manufactured by the Loring & Blake Organ Company
The Best in the World
D. Lothrop & Co., Agents,
Dover, N.H.

Dover, New Hampshire, USA

Central Square. Dover, N.H.

Dover, New Hampshire, USA

Sawyer's Mill and Bellami River, Diver, N.H.

Dover, New Hampshire, USA

Episcopal Church

Dover, New Hampshire, USA

The Old Corner Central Square

Dover, New Hampshire, USA

Central Avenue Baptist Church

Dover, New Hampshire, USA

Locust Street, Looking South, 1905

Dover, New Hampshire, USA

New High School, 1906

Dover, New Hampshire, USA

Children's Home, 1909

Dover, New Hampshire, USA

First Church

Dover, New Hampshire, USA

City Hall

Dover, New Hampshire, USA

Strafford Co. Court House

Dover, New Hampshire, USA

Public Library

Dover, New Hampshire, USA

Post Office

Dover, New Hampshire, USA

Dover N.H. B. & M. R.R. Station

Dover, New Hampshire, USA

Wentworth Home for the Aged

The Wentworth Home for the Aged was dedicated June 25, 1898 and named for Arioch Wentworth who donated $10,000 to build it. He also endowed it with another $20,000 for a permanent fund. The three story brick building with granite trimmings was built specifically to meet the needs of the elderly. Alvah T. Ramsdell, the architect, designed the building to resemble the colonial mansions of New England. It contains 30 rooms, including a matron's room, library, sitting rooms and sleeping rooms.
Read more about Arioch WENTWORTH photo of ancestor

Dover, New Hampshire, USA

Guppy House, 1911

John Guppy was born in Portsmouth on July 13, 1768. When he was less than one year old his father bought the house at the corner of Portland and Oak Streets from Captain Heard. The house was built in 1690, and became known as the Guppy House. His youngest son, Jeremy Belknap Guppy, was a farmer and lived all his life in the Guppy House. He never married and died on March 16, 1917 at age 85. He left the house and land to the city of Dover. The land became the site of the Guppy park.
Read more about John GUPPY (GUPPEY)

Dover, New Hampshire, USA

American House the 1840's the Franklin Square area boasted the railroad, hence there was a veritable boom in hotel building at this time. The hotels in the area differed in both size and style. The most famous, and most successful, was the American House on Main Street. Established in 1853, the American House was a landmark of Franklin Square... Throughout the 19th century and well into the 20th, the American House enjoyed remarkable success. It was, however, torn down about 1960 and replaced with a motel.

Dover, New Hampshire, USA

Central Avenue Showing City Hall

Dover, New Hampshire, USA

Woodman Institute

The Woodman Institute Museum is located at 182 Central Avenue in Dover, New Hampshire, United States. It is a museum dedicated to history, science and the arts. It was created in 1915 with a bequest of $100,000 from philanthropist Annie Woodman to encourage her city's education in those three fields. The institute opened on July 26, 1916. Under the name of "Woodman Institute", the museum was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. wikipedia

Dover, New Hampshire, USA

Bird's-Eye View

Discover Dover: History, News, Travel, and Stories

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  • 1623 - Dover, the first permanent settlement, is founded.
    oldest settlement in New Hampshire
  • In 1676, many Indians fled Massachusetts due to bloody fighting between a confederation of Indian tribes and English settlers. By September, over 400 Indians were at the the Cochecho (Dover) settlement.
    Half of them were strangers. Two companies of Massachusetts soldiers arrived to recapture the escaping Indians.

    It was agreed that the Massachusetts Indians should be returned to Boston for punishment, but the local, loyal Indians should not be harmed in the process.

    Over 200 of the Massachusetts Indians were taken back to Boston. Some of them were hanged or sold into slavery. doverhistory/ cocheco.htm
  • In 1684, the Governor ordered that the meeting house at Dover be fortified against Indian attacks.
    Every neighborhood developed at least one fortified blockhouse where people could flee to safety if Indians attacked. It is estimated that there were 50 garrisons within a 15 mile radius of present day downtown Dover. doverhistory/ cocheco.htm
  • News  The Cochecho Massacre - On June 27, 1684, Penacook Indians attacked Major Walderne's house in Dover. Other attacks soon followed.
    Twenty-three people were killed and twenty-nine were taken captive. doverhistory/ cocheco.htm
  • News  1828 - On December 30, 1828, about 400 mill girls walked out of the Dover Cotton Factory enacting the first women's strike in the United States.
    The Dover mill girls were forced to give in when the mill owners immediately began advertising for replacement workers. resources/ state-facts/ new-hampshire.html
  • 1839 - Dover
    Dover, New Hampshire
    This is one of the most interesting and important towns in New Hampshire. It is one of the county towns of Strafford county, and lies 40 miles E. from Concord, 12 N.W. by N. from Portsmouth, and 45 S.W. from Portland. Population, 1830, 5,549. The principal streams of Dover are the Cocheco, and Bellamy Bank, or Back river. They take a S.E. course though the town, and unite with other waters to form the Piscataqua.

    Cocheco, or Quochecho river, has its rise from several small streams in New Durham, which unite in Farmington, whence the river meanders through Rochester, there receiving the Isinglass, a tributary, and thence passes through Dover into the Newichwannock, or Salmon Fall river, the principal branch of the Piscataqua. The Cocheco is a beautiful river, and very important to the inhabitants of Rochester and Dover. Passing over this town in any direction, the traveller finds no rugged mountains, nor extensive barren plains, but occasionally ascends gentle... Read MORE...

  • 1854 - Dover
    Dover, a beautiful post-town, capital of Strafford county, New Hampshire, is situated on both sides of Coeheco river, at the lower falls, where it is crossed by the Boston and Maine railroad, 68 miles N. from Boston, and 12 miles N. W. from Portsmouth. Lat. 48° 18' N., Ion. 70° 54 W. The site of this town presents an agreeable variety of surface, and some of the streets cross each other in an oblique direction. It contains a town hall, 3 banks, 6 newspaper offices, an academy, a high-school, and about 10 churches, viz. 3 Baptist, 2 Methodist, 1 Congregational, 1 Episcopal, 1 Unitarian, 1 Friends', and 1 Universalist. The principal hotels are the American House, the Dover House, and the New Hampshire hotel. Dover is favorably situated for trade, at the head of sloop navigation, and is connected by the Coeheco railroad with Alton, on Winnipiseogee lake. The river at this place has a direct fall of 32 feet, affording abundant water-power. The Coeheco Manufacturing Company have erected... Read MORE...

  • 1859
    DOVER, a town of Strafford co., New Hampshire, U.S., situated 10 m. S by E of Rochester, on the S side of Cochecto river, about 4 m. above its junction with Salmon-Fall river, which together form the Piscataqua. Pop. 6,458.
    A Gazetteer of the World: Or, Dictionary of Geographical Knowledge, Publisher A. Fullarton, 1859
  • News  Union Block Fire - 1862
    DOVER, N. H., Jan. 6. The Union Block on Central square, in this city, was found on fire this morning. The following stores and offices were burned out or injured by water; Levi Brown's store; Dr. P. A. Stackpole, dentist; Daniel H. Wendall, harness and trunk store; A. Frazier, tailor; Earl & Plummer, shoe store; Moses Lord, oyster saloon; M. Byrne, millinery goods; D. Lothrop & Co., apothecaries; G. S. Woodman, grocer; Drs. Thompson and Lindsey; F. F. Roman, oyster saloon, and E. T. Brigham, daguerreotype rooms. It was the most extensive fire that has occurred in this city for several years.
    The Farmers' Cabinet
    Amherst, New Hampshire
    January 9, 1862
    DOVER, N. H., March 22. - At 2:30 o'clock this morning fire was discovered near the furnace under the court room in the City Hall building. The flames spread rapidly, enveloping the entire building, in which were the police station, all the city and county offices, the Police Court room, the Aldermanic and Council Chamber, the High School Cadets' Armory, and the City Opera House. The walls lie flat, and the building is totally destroyed.

    The Belknap Church property, close by, had the roof burned off and the steeple destroyed, and considerable other damage was done to the interior by water. St. Thomas's Episcopal Church was on fire several times, but was saved with small damage. Glidden's block was badly damaged by water, as were also the stores of J. R. Higgins and John Griffin.

    The City Hall was built in 1867, and with the improvements made cost $71,000. It was insured for $25,000.

    There were a number of casualties to the firemen. Hugh Hanna was struck by falling bricks on... Read MORE...

    Dover, N. H., Feb. 10. - The County Insane Asylum, four miles from here, was burned last night and forty-four lives were lost.

    When Watchman WILLIAM CHEVEY made his 10 o'clock trip into the insane asylum, he found the fire coming out of a cell occupied by MARY FOUNTAIN and gave the alarm. WILLIAM DRISCOLL, the keeper, with his family, lived in the building, and he at once broke the locks off the fifty-four cells and tried to get the inmates out.

    Then he got his wife and two children out, neither of whom was dressed. Of the forty-eight inmates only four escaped. They were WILLIAM TWOMBLY, ROSE SANDERSON, WILLIAM DAVEY, and FRANK DOUSHON.

    Those who were burned were:
    ROBERT DIONE of Salmon Falls, N. H.
    MARY FOUNTAIN of Great Falls.
    FRANK NUTTER of Rochester.
    WILLIAM CHESLEY of Durham.
    MRS. ROBERTS of Great Falls.
    An Eight-Year-Old Child.
    LESTER JONES of Farmington.
    WILLIAM TWOMBLY of Barrington.
    OWEN MALLEY of Great Falls.
    MICHAEL CASEY of Dover.
    FRANK ROWE of Great...

  • 1895 - Dover
    Dover, a beautiful city, capital of Strafford co., N.H., is situated on both sides of the Cocheco River, at the head of navigation, 68 miles N. by E. of Boston, and 11 miles N.N.W. of Portsmouth. Lat. 43° 13' N.; lon. 70°54' W. It is on the Boston & Maine Railroad, and is connected with Portsmouth by the Portsmouth & Dover Railroad. The Dover & Winnipiseogee Railroad extends from this place to Alton Bay. The site of Dover is hilly or uneven, and some of the streets cross each other obliquely. It contains a city hall, a court-house, the Dover Library, 11 churches, a high school, an academy, 3 national banks, 3 hotels, 3 savings banks, and newspaper offices which issue 3 daily, 3 weekly, and 2 semi-monthly papers. Dover is favorably situated for trade and manufactures. The river here has a direct fall of 32 feet, affording abundant, water-power. The Cocheco Manufacturing Company, with a capital of $1,500,000, have here 5 large cotton-mills from 5 to 7 stories high, and employ about 1200 ... Read MORE...

    A fire started in the ruins of Masonic Temple in Dover early Wednesday morning and gave the firemen a stubborn fight. Water was poured on the blaze from two lines of hose, but it was more than an hour before the flames were extinguished.

    DR. R. G. BLANCHARD, past eminent commander of St. Paul's Commandery, Knights Templar, has recovered his sword from the ruins of the temple. The only damage was a slight discoloration of the blade.
    Portsmouth Herald
    Portsmouth, New Hampshire
    April 5, 1906
    Act Is Introduced in New Hampshire Legislature Providing for Safety Equipment on All Buildings of Three or More Stories.

    Concord, N. H., Jan. 29. - His action prompted by the destruction of the Cocheco Manufacturing Compnay's No. 1 mill at Dover on Saturday with a loss of five lives. Senator Pinkham of Dover today presented to the New Hampshire Senate committee on revision of the statutes a bill in relation to fire escapes. The bill provides that all buildings in which people are employed above the first floor, all places of amusement and assembly, all hotels and lodging houses and all tenements of three or more stories in height must be equipped with fire escapes to the satisfaction of the local boards of fire wardens. Failure to equip such buildings with fire escapes will subject the owner to a fine of $100 with an additional penalty of $10 for each day such failure shall continue.
    The Boston Journal
    Boston, Massachusetts
    January 30, 1907
  • 1916
    Dover, a city, capital of Strafford co., N.H., is situated on both sides of the Cocheco River, at the head of navigation, and on the Boston and Maine R., 10 miles NW. of Portsmouth. It contains a city-hall, court-house, public library, etc. The river here has a direct fall of 32 feet, affording abundant water-power, which hi extensively utilized by large cotton- and woollen-mills and print-works. The city has also large manufactories of boots and shoes, machinery, castings, belting, glue, lumber, etc. This is the oldest town in the state, having been settled in 1623. Pop. in 1870, 9294 ; in 1880, 11,684 ; in 1890, 12,790 ; in 1900, 13,207.
    Lippincotts New Gazetteer: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World, Containing the Most Recent and Authentic Information Respecting the Countries, Cities, Towns, Resorts, Islands, Rivers, Mountains, Seas, Lakes, Etc., in Every Portion of the Globe, Part 1 Angelo Heilprin Louis Heilprin - January 1, 1916 J.B. Lippincott - Publisher
    Dover, N.H., Jan. 4, (AP) - Plans were under way today to rebuild the Morrell building, destroyed yesterday in the most disastrous fire in the city's history. Loss was estimated at $1,000,000 to $1,250,000.
    The building occupied an entire city block between Second and Third streets and Central avenue and housed business establishments and apartments. Hundreds were thrown out of employment when 27 business places were wiped out and about 45 persons were made homeless.
    One fireman was severely hurt when he fell from a roof and several others received minor injuries.

    Eight cities and towns in New Hampshire, Maine and Massachusetts responded to a call for aid and their help, coupled with a heavy snow fall that just preceded the fire, prevented the spread of the fire to the remainder of Dover's business center. Aid came from Haverhill, Mass., Exeter, Portsmouth, Rochester, Somersworth and Salmon Falls, N.H., and Berwick and South Berwick, Me.

    Two clothing stores, two drug stores,...

    Aid Summoned From Portsmouth, Somersworth, Rochester And Berwick

    Concord, Aug. 3. - Dover city hall was destroyed by fire early today with a loss estimated at $100,000. The fire broke out shortly after 3 a.m. and at daybreak a few crumbling wall were all that remained of the building. Unofficially it was believed the fire was started by spontaneous combustion. Most of the valuable records and other contents of the hall were lost. A few papers from the offices nearest the exits were saved however. Aid was called from Portsmouth, Rochester. Farmington, Somersworth and Berwick, Me., but there was little danger of the flames spreading to nearby buildings. There was little wind and the fire was easily confined to the building which was of brick four stories tall and had been built 41 years ago. It housed all the city offices, and an auditorium with a seating capacity of 1200. An 80 foot tower topped by a large clock formed one of the corners of the building. A part of the building... Read MORE...

  • 2023 - Whether you're a history buff, an outdoor enthusiast, or simply looking for a relaxing day out, Dover has something to offer. Here's a list of places to go and things to do in Dover:
    The Children's Museum of New Hampshire:

    Perfect for families with kids, this interactive museum offers hands-on exhibits focused on science, art, and culture. It's both fun and educational.

    Henry Law Park:

    This beautiful park along the Cocheco River features walking paths, picnic areas, and a scenic mill pond. It's an ideal spot for a leisurely stroll or a picnic with friends and family.

    Woodman Institute Museum:

    Explore Dover's history at this museum, which features an eclectic collection of artifacts, including natural history exhibits, Native American artifacts, and local historical items.

    Downtown Dover:

    Stroll through the charming downtown area and explore its unique boutiques, art galleries, and restaurants. It's a great place for shopping and dining.

    Dover Community Trail:

    If you're a nature lover or enjoy hiking, the Dover Community Trail is a network of trails that winds through forests and along the river, providing beautiful views of the... Read MORE...

Discover Your Roots: Dover Ancestry

Ancestors Who Were Born or Died in Dover, New Hampshire, USA

We currently have information about ancestors who were born or died in Dover.

View Them Now (sorted by year of birth)

male ancestorThomas ROBERTS (1600, , England (United Kingdom) - 27 September 1673, Dover, New Hampshire, USA)
female ancestorAnne AYERS (1600, Northamptonshire, England - 29 December 1675, Dover, New Hampshire, USA)
female ancestorRebecca UNKNOWN (1600, , England (United Kingdom) - 1650, Dover, New Hampshire, USA)
male ancestorHatevil NUTTER (1603, Harlington, Bedfordshire, England - 30 June 1675, Dover, New Hampshire, USA)
male ancestorThomas LEIGHTON (May 1604, Glasgow, Scotland - January 22, 1671, Dover, New Hampshire, USA)
male ancestorJohn REYNER (1605, , Yorkshire County, England - 20 April 1669, Dover, New Hampshire, USA)
female ancestorJoanna SILSBY (1607, Northampton, Northamptonshire, England - January 15, 1702, Dover, New Hampshire, USA)
male ancestorJohn HEARD (1610, Chichester, Sussex, England - 17 January 1689, Dover, New Hampshire, USA)
male ancestorWilliam STORER (1611, , England (United Kingdom) - 22 November 1659, Dover, New Hampshire, USA)

Ancestors Who Were Married in Dover, New Hampshire, USA

We currently have information about ancestors who were married in Dover.

View Them Now

male ancestorThomas LEIGHTON (May 1604 - January 22, 1671) and female ancestorJoanna SILSBY (1607 - January 15, 1702) married 1625
male ancestorThomas ROBERTS (1600 - 27 September 1673) and female ancestorRebecca HILTON (1602 - 27 September 1674) married 1627
male ancestorPhilip CHESLEY I (January 6, 1612 - 1694) and female ancestorElizabeth LEIGHTON (1625 - 1664) married 1643
male ancestorJames RAWLINS (1612 - August 13, 1687) and female ancestorHannah FRY (1615 - July 21, 1691) married 1643
male ancestorRalph HALL SR (1619 - March 4, 1701) and female ancestorMary UNKNOWN (1624 - ) married 1644
male ancestorJohn LOCKE (16 September 1627 - 26 August 1696) and female ancestorElizabeth BERRY (1635 - 12 November 1734) married 1652
male ancestorAnthony NUTTER (1630 - 19 February 1686) and female ancestorSarah LANGSTAFF (1633 - 14 July 1712) married 1662
male ancestorDavid HAMILTON (1625 - 28 September 1692) and female ancestorAnnah JACKSON (1641 - 28 September 1692) married 14 July 1662
male ancestorHumphrey VARNEY (1642 - 2 June 1714) and female ancestorSarah STARBUCK (1630 - 6 June 1719) married January 2, 1664
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Updated: 9/21/2023 1:27:12 PM

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