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History of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Journey back in time to Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Visit Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. Discover its history. Learn about the people who lived there through stories, old newspaper articles, pictures, postcards and genealogy.

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Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Halifax is the capital of Nova Scotia and the largest urban area in Atlantic Canada. Sometimes called "Warden of the North" for its historic military role, today it is a major regional centre for Atlantic Canada's economy.

In 1746 the British government sponsored the first settlement plan in North America, focused on present-day Halifax. This settlement was undertaken for a number of reasons, including countering the Catholic presence throughout Acadia and the French military presence at Louisbourg, but more importantly exploiting the rich cod fishery. In 1749 some 2,500 settlers, mostly poor and recruited mainly from England, arrived, led by Colonel Edward Cornwallis. Cornwallis selected Chebucto as the site of the new settlement because of its fine ice-free harbour, the second largest in the world. First named Chebucto, it was renamed Halifax shortly after in honour of George Dunk, Earl of Halifax and Chief Lord of Trade and Plantations, who masterminded its settlement. The first settlers had free building lots, but few houses were completed before winter. While some people stayed aboard ship and some others died, almost 1,000 departed for Boston and other US destinations. However, merchants, many trying to escape debt, indenture or hoping to profit from the money being invested in the colony, soon arrived from New England. A governor's residence, an Anglican church, wharves, modest defence facilities and wooden houses were all built within a year. To bolster the settlement’s population, Germans, known as "Foreign Protestants," were recruited and given land just north of the town.

Relations between the Mi’kmaq and English were strained. The Mi’kmaq felt that the English had settled on their lands without their permission, and English officials initially refused to adopt the custom of giving presents in exchange for use of the land. Cornwallis wanted to bring the Mi’kmaq under his authority, but they refused. In retaliation Cornwallis set a bounty on Mi’kmaq scalps. The Mi’kmaq in turn declared war on the British in 1749. The French at Louisbourg encouraged this antagonism, and provided weapons and money for the Mi’kmaq war on the English. The Mi’kmaq attacked British settlements, and conducted a successful raid on Dartmouth in 1751.

In August 1755 the British deported the Acadians, descendants of French settlers, who they saw as a potential threat. The deportation of the Acadian population and the British capture of Ile Royale and Ile Saint-Jean effectively ended French influence in the region. The Mi’kmaq were left to oppose the British on their own, and the chiefs signed a peace treaty with British officials in 1761. However, the American Revolution (1775-83) led the British to reinforce its military presence at Halifax and also brought an influx of Loyalist refugees. These factors tipped the balance of power against the Mi’kmaq in the region, who were quickly dispossessed of their remaining lands.

www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca

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  • 1698 French fishing station established on McNabs island, Halifax Harbour.
    It is abandoned in 1699.

  • 1749 - 2,576 settlers are brought to Acadia by the British. Halifax is founded. www.acadian-cajun.com/ acadtime.htm
    The establishment of Halifax in 1749 engrained a solid colonized British presence on the Atlantic Coast.

    Britain founds Halifax to counter the...Read MORE...


  • 1750 - German immigrants begin to arrive in numbers at Halifax.

    fccs.ok.ubc.ca/about/links/resources/canadian-history/prehistory-to-1800.html

  • 1752 - Canada's first newspaper, the weekly Halifax Gazette, appears (March 23).

    fccs.ok.ubc.ca/about/links/resources/canadian-history/prehistory-to-1800.html

  • 1755 - The first post office opens in Halifax

    fccs.ok.ubc.ca/about/links/resources/canadian-history/prehistory-to-1800.html

  • 1820 - St. Mary’s Cathedral Basilica built at Halifax

    www.gcatholic.org

  • Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    St. Mary’s Cathedral Basilica
    1508 Barrington St., Halifax, NOVA SCOTIA
    parish established in 1784, church built 1820-1829
    Source: Google maps
    Photograph
  • Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    www.freeusandworldmaps.com
    Map
  • 1835 - Joseph Howe, a Halifax printer and owner since 1828 of the weekly Novascotian, is arrested for libel
    but successfully argues his own case for freedom of the press. A local hero, he begins advocating the kind of responsible government that is only...Read MORE...


  • 1840 - The Cunard Steamship Line was founded in Halifax in 1840.

    www.hikebiketravel.com/ 20737/ 25-fun-weird-interesting-facts-halifax-nova-scotia/

  • 1841 - Charles Fenerty, a poet from Halifax, Nova Scotia, was the first person to use wood fibers to make paper.
    He started experimenting in 1839 and produced paper from wood pulp in 1841
    facts.randomhistory.com/ 2009/ 01/ 15_canada.html

  • Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Canadian Scenery,
    by N.P. Willis, Illustrated by William Henry Bartlett, 1842
    Artwork
  • 1843 - Church of St. Patrick established at Halifax

    www.gcatholic.org

  • 1873
    HALIFAX, a city and seaport, capital of the province of Nova Scotia, on the S. coast of that peninsula, nearly equal distant from its N.E. and S.W....Read MORE...


  • October 10, 1875 - A wind and rain storm struck NS, flooding roads, carrying away bridges, wrecking 3 ships, sweeping away thousands of dollars worth of logs. Rainfall at Halifax exceeded 110 mm, the city's greatest one-day October total.

    http://users.eastlink.ca/~grose/acadiantimeline.htm

  • 1887 - Church of St. Agnes established at Halifax

    www.gcatholic.org

  • Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Granville St., Halifax, N.S.
    Postcard
  • 1895 - Halifax
    Halifax, a city and seaport, capital of Nova Scotia, on the S. coast of that peninsula, nearly equidistant from its N.E. and S.W. extremities, in...Read MORE...


  • Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Public Gardens
    Postcard
  • Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    1904 HELP WANTED ad
    St. John Daily Sun, St. John, New Brunswick - June 29, 1904
    Advertisement
  • Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Government House, Halifax, N.S.
    Postcard
  • 1916
    Halifax, a city and seaport, capital of Nova Scotia, on the S. coast of that peninsula, nearly equidistant from its NE. and SW. extremities, in lat....Read MORE...


  • 1917 - December 6 - Halifax Explosion: Two freighters collide in Halifax Harbour at Halifax, Nova Scotia and cause a huge explosion that kills at least 1,963 people, injures 9,000 and destroys part of the city

    www.wikipedia.org
    December 6, 1917

  • Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Lord Nelson Hotel
    Postcard


Old Photos, Pictures, Advertisements and Postcards from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada


Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Pinterest
St. Mary’s Cathedral Basilica
1508 Barrington St., Halifax, NOVA SCOTIA
parish established in 1784, church built 1820-1829
Source: Google maps
Photograph

Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Pinterest
www.freeusandworldmaps.com
Map

Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Pinterest
Canadian Scenery,
by N.P. Willis, Illustrated by William Henry Bartlett, 1842
Artwork

Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Pinterest
Granville St., Halifax, N.S.
Postcard

Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Pinterest
Public Gardens
Postcard

Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Pinterest
Government House, Halifax, N.S.
Postcard

Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Pinterest
1904 HELP WANTED ad
St. John Daily Sun, St. John, New Brunswick - June 29, 1904
Advertisement

Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Pinterest
Lord Nelson Hotel
Postcard


RootsMagic 7 Family Tree Genealogy Software by RootsMagic




History and News of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Add History/News
  • 1698 French fishing station established on McNabs island, Halifax Harbour.
    It is abandoned in 1699.
  • 1749 - 2,576 settlers are brought to Acadia by the British. Halifax is founded. www.acadian-cajun.com/ acadtime.htm
    The establishment of Halifax in 1749 engrained a solid colonized British presence on the Atlantic Coast.

    Britain founds Halifax to counter the... Read MORE...

  • 1750 - German immigrants begin to arrive in numbers at Halifax.

    fccs.ok.ubc.ca/about/links/resources/canadian-history/prehistory-to-1800.html
  • 1752 - Canada's first newspaper, the weekly Halifax Gazette, appears (March 23).

    fccs.ok.ubc.ca/about/links/resources/canadian-history/prehistory-to-1800.html
  • 1755 - The first post office opens in Halifax

    fccs.ok.ubc.ca/about/links/resources/canadian-history/prehistory-to-1800.html
  • 1820 - St. Mary’s Cathedral Basilica built at Halifax

    www.gcatholic.org
  • 1835 - Joseph Howe, a Halifax printer and owner since 1828 of the weekly Novascotian, is arrested for libel
    but successfully argues his own case for freedom of the press. A local hero, he begins advocating the kind of responsible government that is only... Read MORE...

  • 1840 - The Cunard Steamship Line was founded in Halifax in 1840.

    www.hikebiketravel.com/ 20737/ 25-fun-weird-interesting-facts-halifax-nova-scotia/
  • 1841 - Charles Fenerty, a poet from Halifax, Nova Scotia, was the first person to use wood fibers to make paper.
    He started experimenting in 1839 and produced paper from wood pulp in 1841
    facts.randomhistory.com/ 2009/ 01/ 15_canada.html
  • 1843 - Church of St. Patrick established at Halifax

    www.gcatholic.org
  • 1873
    HALIFAX, a city and seaport, capital of the province of Nova Scotia, on the S. coast of that peninsula, nearly equal distant from its N.E. and S.W.... Read MORE...

  • October 10, 1875 - A wind and rain storm struck NS, flooding roads, carrying away bridges, wrecking 3 ships, sweeping away thousands of dollars worth of logs. Rainfall at Halifax exceeded 110 mm, the city's greatest one-day October total.

    http://users.eastlink.ca/~grose/acadiantimeline.htm
  • 1887 - Church of St. Agnes established at Halifax

    www.gcatholic.org
  • 1895 - Halifax
    Halifax, a city and seaport, capital of Nova Scotia, on the S. coast of that peninsula, nearly equidistant from its N.E. and S.W. extremities, in... Read MORE...

  • 1916
    Halifax, a city and seaport, capital of Nova Scotia, on the S. coast of that peninsula, nearly equidistant from its NE. and SW. extremities, in lat.... Read MORE...

  • 1917 - December 6 - Halifax Explosion: Two freighters collide in Halifax Harbour at Halifax, Nova Scotia and cause a huge explosion that kills at least 1,963 people, injures 9,000 and destroys part of the city

    www.wikipedia.org
    December 6, 1917

Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada Genealogy

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Updated: 6/25/2020 4:47:55 PM

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