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 Saxony, Germany - Görlitz

Saxony, German Sachsen, Land (state), eastern Germany. Poland lies to the east of Saxony, and the Czech Republic lies to the south. Saxony also borders the German states of Saxony-Anhalt to the northwest, Brandenburg to the north, Bavaria to the southwest, and Thuringia to the west. The capital is Dresden.

German states:
Old Saxony (unknown–785), tribal territory of the Saxons
Duchy of Saxony (804–1296), the settlement area of the Saxons in the late Early Middle Ages
Electorate of Saxony (1356–1806), a state of the Holy Roman Empire
Kingdom of Saxony (1806–1918), a confederacy in Napoleonic through post-Napoleonic Germany
Gau Saxony (1926–45), an administrative division of Nazi Germany
Province of Saxony (1816–1945), a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and later the Free State of Prussia

There is MUCH more to discover about Saxony, Germany. Read on!

Saxony Nostalgia: Vintage Photos, Ads, and Postcards

Saxony, Germany


Discover Saxony: History, News, Travel, and Stories

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  • Saxony-Wittenberg, in modern Saxony-Anhalt, became subject to the margravate of Meissen, ruled by the Wettin dynasty in 1423.
  • In 1485, Saxony was split. A collateral line of the Wettin princes received what later became Thuringia and founded several small states there.
  • Between 1697 and 1763, the Electors of Saxony were also elected Kings of Poland in personal union.
  • 1700 - Saxony is part of the Holy Roman Empire

  • In 1756, Saxony joined a coalition of Austria, France and Russia against Prussia.
    Frederick II of Prussia chose to attack preemptively and invaded Saxony in August 1756, precipitating the Seven Years' War. The Prussians quickly defeated Saxony and incorporated the Saxon army into the Prussian army. At the end of the Seven Years' War, Saxony once again became an independent state, although considerably reduced in size.
  • 1760 - November 3 - Battle at Torgau, Saxony: Prussia beats Austria
  • 1763 - February 15 - Austria, Prussia & Saxony sign Treaty of Hubertusburg, marking the end of the French and Indian War and of the Seven Years War
  • 1800 - Population of the Electorate of Saxony (Holy Roman Empire) - 1,050,000

  • In 1806, French Emperor Napoleon abolished the Holy Roman Empire and established the Electorate of Saxony as a kingdom in exchange for military support.
    The Elector Frederick Augustus III accordingly became King Frederick Augustus I of Saxony.
  • In 1815, the southern part of Saxony, now called the "State of Saxony" joined the German Confederation.
  • King Anthony of Saxony came to the throne of Saxony in 1827.
  • In 1854 Frederick Augustus II's brother, King John of Saxony, succeeded to the throne.
  • After the Austro-Prussian war, Saxony was forced to pay an indemnity and to join the North German Confederation in 1867.
  • In 1871, Saxony joined the newly formed German Empire.
  • 1895 - Saxony
    Saxony, KINGDOM of (Ger. Königreich Sachsen, kö'nig rik) sāk'sen), a kingdom of Germany, forming an integral part of the German £ bounded on the N.W., N., and by Prussia, on the S.E. and S. by Bohemia, on the S.W. by Bavaria, and on the W. by Reuss, Saxe-Weimar, and Saxe-Altenburg. Length, 144 miles; breadth, 15 to 88 miles...
    Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World Containing Notices of Over One Hundred and Twenty-five Thousand Places ... Joseph Thomas January 1, 1895 J.B. Lippincott
  • 1906
    Saxony (Ger. Sachaen, zax'en), Kingdom of, a state of the German Empire, the fifth in size and the third in order of population, bounded on the N. and NE. by Prussia ( pro vinoes of Saxony and Silesia), on the SE. by Bohemia, on the SW. (for a short distance) by Bavaria, and on the W. by Reuss, Saxe- Weimar, Saxe-Altenburg, and Prussian Saxony. Length, 144 miles ; breadth, 15 to 88 miles. Area, 5787 sq. m. Pop. in 1900, 4,202,216. All but about 5 per cent, of the inhabitants are Protes tants. The Catholics number about 200,000 and the Jews about 13,000. The royal family belongs to the Catholic church. The non-German element in the population (in addition to the foreigners) is that of the Wends, a Slavic people who live in the extreme E. of the kingdom, in a portion of old Lusatia, and who number about 50,000. The kingdom is divided into the circles of Dresden, Leipsic, Bautien, Chemniti, and Zwickau. The chief towns are Dresden, Leipsic, Chemnitz, Plauen, Zwickau, Meissen, Zittau,... Read MORE...

  • 2023 - Here's a list of places to go and things to do in Saxony:
    1. Dresden:

    Zwinger Palace: Explore this magnificent palace, known for its stunning Baroque architecture and housing several museums, including the Old Masters Gallery.

    Dresden Frauenkirche: Visit this iconic church, which has been beautifully restored after being destroyed during World War II. You can even climb to the top for panoramic views of the city.

    Semper Opera House: Catch a world-class opera or ballet performance in this historic venue.

    Dresden Castle: Discover the history of Saxony's rulers and the Green Vault, one of the world's most valuable treasure chambers.

    Dresden's Old Town: Wander through the charming streets, visit local cafes, and admire the historical buildings.

    2. Leipzig:

    St. Thomas Church: Attend a concert at this famous church, where Johann Sebastian Bach once served as a cantor.

    Leipzig Zoo: Enjoy a day with animals from around the world in one of the most modern zoos in Europe.

    Auerbachs Keller: Dine in this historic restaurant...

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Updated: 9/11/2023 2:52:57 PM

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