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flag  History of Acadia, Canada

Journey back in time to Acadia, Canada

(Acadie)

Visit Acadia, Canada. Discover its history. Learn about the people who lived there through stories, old newspaper articles, pictures, postcards and ancestry.

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 Acadia, Canada - Powder Magazine, Old Fort, Annapolis Royal, N.S.

Acadia, Canada, is a beautiful and historically rich region located in the eastern part of the country, primarily in the province of Nova Scotia.


Acadia (French: Acadie) was a colony of New France in northeastern North America that included parts of eastern Quebec, the Maritime provinces, and modern-day Maine to the Kennebec River during much of the 17th and early 18th centuries.
wikipedia

Beginning in 1755 and lasting for several years, Acadians were deported by the English. The Acadian taken over by the English were initially sent to the British Colonies: Massachusetts, Virginia, North Carolina, Connecticut, New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland and South Carolina.

From there, some of them (from Pennsylvania and Maryland) eventually ended up in Louisiana. Acadians in Virginia were deported to England.

Some Acadians escaped the initial deportation and went to French-controlled areas such as Isle St Jean. In 1758, that area fell to the British and the Acadians were deported to France.

In the end, over 6,000 Acadians were forcibly removed from their homes by the English.

Story of Acadians, Episode 1, Shaw Community Link




There is MUCH more to discover about Acadia, Canada. Read on!

Acadia Nostalgia: Vintage Photos, Ads, and Postcards

Powder Magazine, Old Fort, Annapolis Royal, N.S.
Acadia, Canada

Postcard
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Powder Magazine, Old Fort, Annapolis Royal, N.S.
Map of Acadia
www.acadian-cajun.com/ acadmap.htm
Acadia, Canada

Map
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Map of Acadia
www.acadian-cajun.com/ acadmap.htm
The Old Road, Grand Pre, Nova Scotia
Acadia, Canada

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The Old Road, Grand Pre, Nova Scotia

Discover Acadia: History, News, Travel, and Stories

Add informationAdd History/News/Story
1604 - The first settlers arrive in the Acadian area. They settle at St. Croix Island.

www.acadian-cajun.com/ acadtime.htm
1632 Isaac de Razilly arrives with 300 settlers, ancestors of most Acadian families.

1636 - The St. Jehan arrives in Acadia with settlers, including men and women.

www.acadian-cajun.com/ acadtime.htm
1654 - Sedgewick captures Acadia for England.

www.acadian-cajun.com/ acadtime.htm
1657 - Thomas Temple is appointed governor and sails to Acadia.

www.acadian-cajun.com/ acadtime.htm
1671 - According to the census, there are 392 people living in Acadia
The first Acadian Census took place in Port Royal in 1671. One of the first in Canada, the total count was 392 people, 482 cattle, and 524 sheep! In the 1680s and 1690s many people left Port Royal and settled other areas.
www.cbc.ca/ acadian /timeline.html
1679--Population of Acadia : 515. (Archives de Paris.)

www.statcan.gc.ca
1686--Population of Acadia : 885. (Census)

www.statcan.gc.ca
1702 - Having begun in Europe in 1701, The War of the Spanish Succession spreads to North America (Queen Anne's War) in Acadia and New England.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/about/links/resources/canadian-history/prehistory-to-1800.html
1704 - According to the census, there are 1,450 people living in Acadia

1710 - October 13 - English troops occupy Acadia (Nova Scotia)

www.onthisday.com
1713 - Acadia is 'permanently' given to the British after the Treaty of Utrecht.
The Treaty of Utrecht ended the War of Spanish Succession in 1713, making the Acadians in Nova Scotia permanent British subjects, while Isle Royale (Cape Breton) and Isle Saint-Jean (Prince Edward Island) remained French.
www.acadian-cajun.com/ acadtime.htm
1713 - June 23 - The French residents of Acadia are given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia, Canada

onthisday.com
By 1730, the majority of Acadians had signed an oath swearing allegiance to the British Crown, but they insisted they would not fight either the French or the native Indians.

www.cbc.ca/ acadian/ timeline.html
1749--French population of the whole of the Acadian Peninsula : 13,000

www.statcan.gc.ca
1750 - LeLoutre gets the Indians to burn Beaubassin to get Acadians over to French territory.

www.acadian-cajun.com/ acadtime.htm
1754 - At the beginning of the French and Indian War of 1754,
the British government demanded that Acadians take an oath of allegiance to the Crown that included fighting against the French. Most of them refused.
www.cbc.ca/ acadian/ timeline.html
1755 - The deportation (exile) of Acadians begins. Over 6,000 are deported in the first year.
About 6,000 Acadians were forcibly removed from their colonies. The British military ordered the Acadians' communities to be destroyed and homes and barns were burned down. The people were dispersed among the 13 American colonies, but many refused them and sent them on to Europe. Families were torn apart and many lost everything they owned.

As a result of the deportation and the subsequent migrations, the Acadians ended up in the New England States and all along the eastern seaboard, as far south as Georgia. Many were put in jail, and many died at sea. Others ran away to Quebec, hid with the Mi'kmaqs in Nova Scotia, or went to present-day New Brunswick, or Prince Edward Island.
www.cbc.ca/ acadian/ timeline.html
1758 - The Acadians who fled to Ile St. Jean and Ile Royale are rounded up and 3000+ are sent to France.
Two of the ships are unseaworthy and sink ... hundreds of Acadians perish. The ones who make it to France initially settle in northwestern France, around St. Malo and Morlaix.
www.acadian-cajun.com/ acadtime.htm
1763 - The war between the French and the British is over. Acadians who have survived the interrment in England are sent to France. Some Acadians try to return to Acadia (now Nova Scotia) and find their land settled by others. www.acadian-cajun.com/
When France signed the Treaty of Paris in 1763, it gave Great Britain its colonial possessions in North America, except the islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon, off the coast of Newfoundland.
www.cbc.ca/ acadian/ timeline.html
1764 - British authorities in 1764 allowed Acadians to return in small isolated groups.
They returned slowly, settling in various locations on mainland Nova Scotia and Cape Breton Island. Others ended up in Newfoundland, the West Indies and even the Falkland Islands.

www.cbc.ca/ acadian/ timeline.html
1873
NOVA SCOTIA, (originally ACADIA,) a province of the Dominion of Canada, lying between 43° 25" and 47° N. lat., and between 59° 40' and 66° 25' W. lon. It consists of a long, narrow peninsula called Nova Scotia proper, and the Island of Cape Breton, which is separated from the mainland by the Strait of Canso. It is bounded N. by Northumberland Strait (which separates it from Prince Edward Island) and by the Gulf of St. Lawrence; N.E., S. and S.E., by the Atlantic Ocean; W. by the Bay of Fundy; and N. by New Brunswick, with which it is connected by an isthmus only 11 miles wide, separating the Bay of Fundy from Northumberland Strait. Greatest length from S. W. to N. E., 350 miles; greatest breadth, about 120 miles; area 21,731 square miles, equal to 13,332,003 acres.

The country is beautifully variegated by ranges of lofty hills and broad valleys, both of which run longitudinally through the province. Its Atlantic frontier, for 5 to 10 miles inland, is composed chiefly of a poor... Read MORE...

In 1881 the first Acadian Convention established August 15th as National Acadian Day,
and three years later at the second Acadian Convention, an Acadian flag, and a National anthem were adopted. There was discussion about important common issues like agriculture, emigration, and education.
www.cbc.ca/ acadian/ timeline.html
1916
Aca'dia, or Acadie, the name of that part of New France which was comprised in the peninsula between the river and gulf of St. Lawrence and the Atlantic Ocean, as far W. as the Penobscot. The English named the region Nova Scotia, a name subsequently restricted to a portion of it. See Nova Scotia.
Lippincotts New Gazetteer: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World, Containing the Most Recent and Authentic Information Respecting the Countries, Cities, Towns, Resorts, Islands, Rivers, Mountains, Seas, Lakes, Etc., in Every Portion of the Globe, Part 1 Angelo Heilprin Louis Heilprin - January 1, 1916 J.B. Lippincott - Publisher


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2023 - Acadia has something for everyone. Here's a list of places to go and things to do in Acadia, Canada:
Explore the Cape Breton Highlands National Park: This national park is a true gem, known for its rugged coastline, lush forests, and stunning views. You can hike along the Cabot Trail, go wildlife spotting, or simply take in the breathtaking scenery.

Visit the Fortress of Louisbourg: Step back in time to the 18th century by exploring the reconstructed Fortress of Louisbourg. This living history museum offers a glimpse into Canada's colonial past.

Take a Whale Watching Tour: Acadia is known for its incredible marine life. Join a whale watching tour to see humpback whales, minke whales, and other marine creatures in their natural habitat.

Enjoy the Cabot Trail: This 185-mile scenic drive offers some of the most spectacular views in North America. It winds through the Cape Breton Highlands, providing ample opportunities for hiking, picnicking, and photography.

Hike in Kejimkujik National Park: Located in southwestern Nova Scotia, this park is a hiker's paradise. With over 15... Read MORE...

Discover MY Roots: Acadia Ancestry

Ancestors Who Were Born or Died in Acadia, Canada

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Genealogy Resources for Acadia

Hundreds Perish at Sea While Being Deported - www.acadian-home.org

www.acadian-home.org/ newsletter-issue-3.html

The Expulsion of the Acadians

1686 Acadian Census

1671 Acadian Census

1698 Acadian Census

1701 Acadian Census

1714 Acadian Census

1693 Acadian Census

1678 Acadian Census

1700 Acadian Census

Ancestry® Acadia, Canada, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1670-1946
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Our Acadia Gift Ideas


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Updated: 9/18/2023 4:56:43 PM