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flag  History of New Brunswick, Canada

Journey back in time to New Brunswick, Canada

Visit New Brunswick, Canada. Discover its history. Learn about the people who lived there through stories, old newspaper articles, pictures, postcards and ancestry.

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 New Brunswick, Canada - Campbellton, N.B., from Chappel Hill

"New Brunswick is one of three provinces collectively known as the "Maritimes." Joined to Nova Scotia by the narrow Chignecto Isthmus and separated from Prince Edward Island by the Northumberland Strait, New Brunswick forms the land bridge linking this region to continental North America. It is bounded in the north by Québec and in the west by the US (Maine). In 1784, the British divided Nova Scotia at the Chignecto Isthmus, naming the west and north portion New Brunswick after the German duchy of Brunswick-Lunenburg. New Brunswick is now the only officially bilingual province in Canada." www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca

"This province was originally included in the area that made up Nova Scotia. It was later separated and established as a province in 1784. The name "New Brunswick" was given to the area in honour of King George III who also held the title of Duke of Brunswick, an area in Germany." www.nrcan.gc.ca

"Atlantic Canada (includes the Maritimes -- Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island -- and Newfoundland): Primarily of British descent, the residents of the less prosperous Atlantic provinces of eastern Canada are generally more reserved, stolid, provincial and old-fashioned. Newfoundland is unique, with a dialect and culture that draws comparisons with the Irish and the people of western England." ediplomat.com




There is MUCH more to discover about New Brunswick, Canada. Read on!

New Brunswick Nostalgia: Vintage Photos, Ads, and Postcards

Campbellton, N.B., from Chappel Hill
New Brunswick, Canada

Postcard
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Campbellton, N.B., from Chappel Hill
Main Street, Moncton, N.B.
New Brunswick, Canada

Postcard
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Main Street, Moncton, N.B.
Herd of Dairy Cattle, Kennedy Farm, Kings Co., N.B.

Concise School Atlas of the Dominion of Canad
New Brunswick, Canada

Artwork
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Herd of Dairy Cattle, Kennedy Farm, Kings Co., N.B.

Concise School Atlas of the Dominion of Canada: Historical and Physical Features of Provinces, Districts, and Territories of the Dominion by Canada Dept. of the Interior, 1900
www.freeusandworldmaps.com
New Brunswick, Canada

Map
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www.freeusandworldmaps.com
Museum, Caraquet, Gloucester, New Brunswick, Canada
New Brunswick, Canada

Postcard
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Museum, Caraquet, Gloucester, New Brunswick, Canada
New Brunswick
Explore the Hopewell Rocks
New Brunswick, Canada

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New Brunswick
Explore the Hopewell Rocks
Tidnish, New Brunswick
New Brunswick, Canada

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Tidnish, New Brunswick
Tidnish, New Brunswick
New Brunswick, Canada

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Tidnish, New Brunswick
Immaculee-Conception de Pokemouche
Pokemouche, New Brunswick
New Brunswick, Canada

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Immaculee-Conception de Pokemouche
Pokemouche, New Brunswick
Pokemouche River
Pokemouche, New Brunswick
New Brunswick, Canada

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Pokemouche River
Pokemouche, New Brunswick
Shediac, New Brunswick
New Brunswick, Canada

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Shediac, New Brunswick

Discover New Brunswick: History, News, Travel, and Stories

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1749--French population of the Acadian Mainland (New Brunswick) : 1,000.

www.statcan.gc.ca
1755—Before the proscription of September. French population of the Acadian Mainland (New Brunswick) 4,300
After the proscription.
French population of the Acadian Mainland (New Brunswick) 4,800
www.statcan.gc.ca
(1756 - 1763) Seven Years' War - British extended control to include all of N.B.

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ nbztimeln.htm
1763 - N.B. absorbed into colony of Nova Scotia

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ nbztimeln.htm
1784 - New Brunswick established as a separate colony from Nova Scotia

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ nbztimeln.htm
1806--Population of New Brunswick, about 35,000.

www.statcan.gc.ca
1834--Population of New Brunswick : 119,457.

www.statcan.gc.ca
1839 - Aroostook War - N.B. and Maine Lumbermen clashed over undefined border

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ nbztimeln.htm
1842 - Boundary between Maine and New Brunswick settled by the Webster-Ashburton Treaty.

new-brunswick.net/ new-brunswick/ facts.html
1848 - N.B. granted self-government

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ nbztimeln.htm
1862 - Mount Allison University accepts the first woman student in Sackville, N.B.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/about/links/resources/canadian-history/1800-to-1867.html
1867 - New Brunswick and Nova Scotia joined Ontario and Quebec in the new Dominion of Canada; Honourable Sir Narcisse-Fortunat Belleau appointed first lieutenant-governor; Pierre-Joseph-Oliver Chauveau became first premier

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ pqztimeln.htm
1867 - British North America Act joined Nova Scotia and N.B. in one federal union; became one of four original provinces of Dominion of Canada

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ nbztimeln.htm
1869 - It is said that 121 vessels were sunk or beached on the coat of new Brunswick and Nova Scotia by the recent tidal wave.

St Joseph Herald
Saint Joseph, Michigan
October 30, 1869
1871--Population of New Brunswick 285,594

www.statcan.gc.ca
1873
NEW BRUNSWICK, a province of the Dominion of Canada, bounded on the N. W. by the province of Quebec, from which it is separated by the River Restigouche; N. by Baie Ghaleurs; E. by the Gulf of St. Lawrence and Northumberland Strait, the latter separating it from Prince Edward Island; S. by the Bay of Fundy and part of Nova Scotia; and on the W. by the State of Maine, from which it is separated by the St. Croix and St. John rivers; extending from lat. 45° 5 to 48° 40' N., lon. 63° 50' to 68° W.; greatest length from N. to S. 230 miles; breadth 190 miles; area 27,322 square miles, equal to 17,480,230 acres. Its coast line is about 500 miles in length, interrupted only at the, point of junction with Nova Scotia, where an isthmus of not more than 11 miles in breadth connects the two territories and separates the waters of Northumberland Strait from those of the Bay of Fundy, and which it is proposed to unite by means of a canal, called the Bay Verte Canal.

The surface of the country... Read MORE...

1895 - New Brunswick
New Bruns' wick, a province of the Dominion of Canada, bounded on the N.W. by the province of Quebec, from which it is separated by the river Restigouche, N. by the Bay of Chaleurs, E. by the Gulf of St. Lawrence and Northumberland Strait, the latter separating it from Prince Edward Island, S. by the Bay of Fundy and £ of Nova Scotia, and on the W. by the state of Maine, from which it is separated by the St. Croix and St. John Rivers, extending from lat. 45° 5' to 48° 40' N., lon. 63° 50' to 68° W. Greatest length, from N. to S., 230 miles; breadth, 190 miles; area, 28,200 square miles. Its coast-line is about 500 miles in length, interrupted only at the point of junction with Nova Scotia, where an isthmus of not more than 11 miles in breadth connects the two territories and separates Northumberland Strait from the Bay of Fundy. The surface of the country is generally flat or undulating, with some hills skirting the Bay of Fundy and the rivers St. John and Restigouche. The shores of... Read MORE...

1899 - New Brunswick
New Brunswick, one of the provinces of the Dominion of Canada, is smaller than either Quebec or Ontario, and larger than either Nova Scotia or the little province of Prince Edward Island. It is shaped like the state of Maine, and has the same rocky, indented coast. The northern and northwestern part of New Brunswick is quite mountainous, and many rivers, taking their start amongst these mountains, flow in a southerly or southeasterly direction.

The largest river is the St. John, which empties into the Bay of Fundy. At its mouth is the city of St. John, which is five times as large as any other city in the province.
The World and Its People, Book IV, Our American Neighbors by Fanny E Coe, 1899, Page 30


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1910 - Chocolate bar invented by Ganong brothers in St. Stephen, New Brunswick.

new-brunswick.net/ new-brunswick/ facts.html
1919 - New Brunswick women win the right to vote in provincial elections.

new-brunswick.net/ new-brunswick/ facts.html
1922 - Hartland Bridge covered - longest covered bridge in world

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ nbztimeln.htm
1932 - The Royal Canadian Mounted Police assume the policing of New Brunswick.

new-brunswick.net/ new-brunswick/ facts.html
1955 - N.B.recorded low temperature of -47.2° C measured at Sisson Dam

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ nbztimeln.htm
1974 - N.B. became first province to draft statutes in both official languages

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ nbztimeln.htm
2023 - New Brunswick has something for everyone. Here's a list of places to go and things to do in New Brunswick:
1. Fundy National Park: Explore the stunning landscapes of Fundy National Park, known for its dramatic tides, extensive hiking trails, and beautiful waterfalls. Don't miss the chance to witness the famous Hopewell Rocks at low tide, where you can walk on the ocean floor.

2. Hopewell Rocks: These iconic rock formations on the Bay of Fundy shoreline are a must-see. Depending on the tides, you can either walk among the towering flowerpot-like rocks or kayak around them.

3. Saint John: Visit the historic port city of Saint John. Take a stroll along the picturesque waterfront, explore the vibrant uptown district, and check out the New Brunswick Museum to learn about the province's history.

4. Irving Nature Park: Enjoy nature walks and birdwatching in this serene park near Saint John. The park features various trails that lead to beautiful coastal vistas and diverse ecosystems.

5. Kouchibouguac National Park: This park on the Acadian coast offers a mix of sandy beaches, salt... Read MORE...

Our New Brunswick Gift Ideas


Buy it NOW!NEW BRUNSWICK - Poutine Râpée, Coques Frites, and Pets de Sœur - I LOVE New Brunswick - Ceramic Mug 11oz

Embrace the heart and soul of New Brunswick with our delightful ceramic mug featuring three beloved local delicacies. Enjoy your morning brew in style as you savor the flavors of Poutine Râpée (boiled pork dumpling), Coques Frites (fried clams), and Pets de Sœur (cinnamon rolls, also known as "nuns farts"). Each sip will transport you to the charming streets of New Brunswick, where these culinary delights are celebrated. Show your love for this unique province with every cup!   Pinterest   

Buy it NOW!CANADA - Canadian Roots Genealogy Coffee Mug - Curling and Olympics - 11 oz

"My ancestors came from Canada. That explains a lot about my love for curling and watching the Olympics!"   Pinterest   

Buy it NOW!CANADA - Maple Syrup & Apologies Edition - Ceramic Coffee Mug - 11oz

"My ancestors came from Canada. That explains a lot about my love for maple syrup and apologizing!"   Pinterest   
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Updated: 9/18/2023 4:59:25 PM