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History of Bathurst, New Brunswick, Canada
Journey back in time to Bathurst, New Brunswick, CanadaVisit Bathurst, New Brunswick, Canada. Discover its history. Learn about the people who lived there through stories, old newspaper articles, pictures, postcards and ancestry.
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Bathurst, NB, incorporated as a city in 1966... The City of Bathurst is the administrative centre of Gloucester County. It is located on Bathurst Harbour at the mouth of the Nepisiguit River in northern New Brunswick. Founded by Nicolas Denys in 1652, the site was abandoned after his death in 1688. The next settlers were dispossessed Acadians (1757) and English traders, including George Walker, who arrived in 1768. His fortification battery was raided and destroyed by American privateers circa 1778. First called Nipisiguit, then St Peters, it was renamed Bathurst in 1826 after the colonial secretary, Henry Bathurst, 3rd earl of Bathurst.
Lumbering, shipbuilding (begun here in the 1820s) and sawmills first dominated the economy. Bathurst Iron Mines was also in operation from 1907 to 1913. A pulp mill opened in 1914; it was expanded to make paper in 1923 and underwent major renovations in 1983 and 1988. The mill closed in 2005. The discovery of sizable base metal deposits in 1953 in the surrounding region spurred the city's development. The Brunswick Mine began production in 1965 and is owned by Noranda Inc.
The community is primarily English- and French- speaking.
There is MUCH more to discover about Bathurst, New Brunswick, Canada. Read on!
Bathurst Nostalgia: Vintage Photos, Ads, and Postcards
Bathurst, New Brunswick, Canada
Cathédrale Sacré-Cœur, est. 1881
123, rue St-Andrew, Bathurst, NEW BRUNSWICK
Source: Google maps
Discover Bathurst: History, News, Travel, and StoriesAdd History/News/Story
Bathurst Parish, Gloucester County: first called Nepisiguit in the late 1600's by French settlers
William Francis Ganong identified Nepisiguit as a derivative of the Mi'kmaq word Winpegijawik, or "rough water," which referred to the river: renamed for Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl of Bathurst (1762-1834)
In 1866, Bathurst was a community with approximately 130 resident families: included St. Peters: in 1866 St. Peters was a farming, lumbering and shipbuilding community with approximately 114 resident families
BATHURST, a port of entry, and capital of Gloucester co., N.B., on Bathurst Bay, which opens into the Baie des Chaleurs, about 175 miles N. by E. of St. John. Lat. 47° 37 N., lon. 65° 45 W. The bay is 3½ miles long and 2 miles wide, and is sheltered from every wind. An extensive trade is done in the salmon fishery. St. Peters, or Bathurst village, is connected with the town of Bathurst by a handsome bridge. It is a station of the Intercolonial railway. Bathurst has a telegraph office and a number of stores. The total number of arrivals for 1872 was 34 (tons 9,594), and the clearances 37 (tons 8,692). Total value of imports $45,756; exports $81,875. Pop. 600.
Lovell's gazetteer of British North America; J. Lovell; Montreal, 1873
1881 - Cathédrale Sacré-Coeur established at Bathurst
1895 - Bathurst
Bath'urst, a port of entry, and capital of Gloucester co., New Brunswick, on Chaleurs Bay, 175 miles N. by E. of St. John. St. Peter's, or Bathurst village, on the Intercolonial Railway, is connected with Bathurst by a handsome bridge. Bathurst has about 30 stores, a large trade, and an important salmon-fishery, and is a tourists’ resort. Pop. 800.
Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World Containing Notices of Over One Hundred and Twenty-five Thousand Places ... Joseph Thomas January 1, 1895 J.B. Lippincott
1904 - Bathurst
In 1904 Bathurst was a seaport, a port of entry on the Intercolonial Railway and the Caraquet and Gulf Shore Railway and a town with 1 post office, 35 stores, 6 hotels, 1 steam sawmill, 1 shingle mill, 1 flour mill, 3 fish freezers, 2 carriage factories, 1 printing shop, 3 churches and a population of 3,000.
1907 - FOUR FROZEN TO DEATH IN BLIZZARD IN EAST.
Bathurst, N. B,, March 23. - Word was received here yesterday of the loss of four lives in the severe blizzard which swept over the eastern provinces Wednesday night. Mrs. John Comeau and three of her children were frozen to death at St. Simon, a small inland village.
The wind, which reached a velocity of sixty-five miles an hour, carried off the roof of the Comeau dwelling. Comeau took one child to the nearest house, a quarter of a mile distant, but in attempting to return for the others, lost his way in the storm. When he reached home he found his
wife and three children frozen to death.
Duluth MN Evening Herald
March 23, 1907
Bathurst was incorporated as a town in 1912
Bathurst, a port of entry and capital of Gloucester CO., New Brunswick, on Chaleur Bay and on the Inter colonial R., 175 miles N. by E. of St. John. Bathurst has an important salmon-fishery and is a tourists' resort. Pop. in 1901, 1867.
Lippincotts New Gazetteer: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World, Containing the Most Recent and Authentic Information Respecting the Countries, Cities, Towns, Resorts, Islands, Rivers, Mountains, Seas, Lakes, Etc., in Every Portion of the Globe, Part 1 Angelo Heilprin Louis Heilprin - January 1, 1916 J.B. Lippincott - Publisher
The City of Bathurst, New Brunswick is situated on Bathurst Harbour, an estuary where the Nepisiguit River meets Chaleur Bay. Bathurst is the administrative, commercial, educational and cultural hub of northeastern New Brunswick. The city is part of the Chaleur Regional Service Commission along with the neighbouring municipalities of Beresford, Nigadoo, Petit-Rocher, Pointe-Verte and Belledune, and sits adjacent to the Pabineau First Nation...
The first permanent settlers on Chaleur Bay were the Récollet missionaries who arrived from France in 1619. Bathurst was officially founded by then-governor of Acadia, Nicolas Denys in 1652. The site, home to Denys’ headquarters, was abandoned after his death in 1688. The next group to settle the area was dispossessed Acadians, who arrived from what is now Nova Scotia, in 1755. (See History of Acadia.)
By 1768 English merchant Commodore George Walker had established a successful fur trading, fishing and shipbuilding enterprise, and oversaw ... Read MORE...
2023 - Whether you're a history buff, an outdoor enthusiast, or just looking for a relaxing getaway, Bathurst has something to offer everyone. Here's a list:
Bathurst Heritage Museum:
Start your visit by exploring the Bathurst Heritage Museum, which showcases the history and culture of the region. You can learn about the early settlers, the Acadian heritage, and the industrial development of the city. It's a great way to get a sense of the area's past.
Youghall Beach Park:
Youghall Beach is one of Bathurst's most popular attractions. This sandy beach stretches along the coastline, offering a picturesque setting for picnics, sunbathing, swimming, and beach volleyball. It's also a fantastic spot to enjoy a sunset.
Daly Point Nature Reserve:
Nature enthusiasts will love exploring the Daly Point Nature Reserve. It features walking trails through various ecosystems, including forests, wetlands, and salt marshes. Birdwatching is particularly popular here, with many species of birds to spot.
Nepisiguit Mi'gmaq Trail:
If you're up for some hiking, the Nepisiguit Mi'gmaq Trail is a must-visit. This trail system offers a range of hiking ... Read MORE...
Discover Your Roots: Bathurst Ancestry
Ancestors Who Were Born or Died in Bathurst, New Brunswick, CanadaWe currently have information about ancestors who were born or died in Bathurst.
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Charles HACHE dit GALLANT (1698, , Acadia, Canada (Acadie) - 1772, Bathurst, New Brunswick, Canada)
Abraham DUGAS (1720, Grand Pré, Nova Scotia, Canada (Saint-Charles-des-Mines, Acadia) - 1761, Bathurst, New Brunswick, Canada)
Charles DOUCET (1722, , Acadia, Canada (Acadie) - 19 September 1787, Bathurst, New Brunswick, Canada)
Charles DOUCET (3 January 1723, Amherst, Nova Scotia, Canada (Beaubassin, Acadia) (Fort Lawrence) - 14 September 1782, Bathurst, New Brunswick, Canada)
Marie Anne BARIAU (1728, Windsor, Nova Scotia, Canada (Pisiquit, Acadia) - 1787, Bathurst, New Brunswick, Canada)
Jean Baptiste DAIGLE (2 September 1733, Grand Pré, Nova Scotia, Canada (Saint-Charles-des-Mines, Acadia) - 19 August 1814, Bathurst, New Brunswick, Canada)
Michel PITRE (2 October 1735, Grand Pré, Nova Scotia, Canada (Saint-Charles-des-Mines, Acadia) - 1807, Bathurst, New Brunswick, Canada)
Marie Josephe ORION dite CHAMPAGNE (1736, , Acadia, Canada (Acadie) - 24 November 1808, Bathurst, New Brunswick, Canada)
Jean LAVIGNE (1737, , Acadia, Canada (Acadie) - 20 August 1822, Bathurst, New Brunswick, Canada)
Ancestors Who Were Married in Bathurst, New Brunswick, CanadaWe currently have information about ancestors who were married in Bathurst.
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Simon ARSENAULT (ARCENAULT) (ARSENEAU) (7 February 1767 - 6 November 1859) and Marie Gertrude MELANÇON (MELANSON) (29 May 1766 - 2 June 1814) married 7 February 1788
Joseph HEBERT (7 April 1768 - 31 May 1808) and Theotiste DOUCET (1768 - 20 August 1801) married 1788
Jean-Baptiste LECLERC (10 September 1763 - 28 September 1826) and Madeleine THIBAULT (THEBEAU) (1774 - 1823) married 19 September 1796
Maxime MELANÇON (MELANSON) (1780 - January 1835) and Marguerite DOUCET (25 January 1780 - 1841) married 19 September 1796
Jean LAVIGNE II (August 27, 1777 - 1862) and Marie Modeste HACHE (May 19, 1778 - 1850) married July 22, 1798
John "Jean" YOUNG (25 March 1785 - ) and Cecile PITRE (28 May 1779 - 31 October 1859) married 1 April 1803
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Updated: 9/19/2023 9:03:13 AM
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