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Hartford, Connecticut, USA
History, People, Pictures, Old Postcards and News From the Past

"Hartford, a city, seat of justice of Hart ford county, and semi-capital of Connecticut, is situated on the right bank of the Connecticut river, at the head of sloop navigation, 60 miles from Long Island sound, 30 miles by railroad N. N. E. from New Haven, 124 miles W. S. W. from Boston, and 112 miles N. E. from New York. Lat. 41° 45' 59" N. ; lon. 72° 40 45" W. It is connected with East Hartford, on the opposite side of the river, by a covered bridge 1000 feet long. The chartered limits of the city extend along the W. bank of the river upwards of a mile, and three-quarters of a mile back, including an area of about 700 acres. The site is considerably elevated, and the surface some what broken. There are upwards of 70 streets and alleys, some of which run parallel with the river, and are intersected at right angles by those passing from E. to W.; while others are very irregular. Main street reaches from the northern to the southern extremity of the city, dividing it into two nearly equal parts. On this street, which is broad, and more than a mile in length, are many of the public buildings and churches, and also a large number of the retail stores. State street extends from Maine street to the river ; on it is done most of the wholesale business : near its junction with Main street it divides into two parts, enclosing the state house and public square. Asylum street passes westward to the principal railroad station, and is the seat of an important business, consisting chiefly of cotton and woollen goods of home manufacture. The city is, for the most part, compactly built, principally of brick and freestone, and exhibits much taste and elegance. Among the public buildings the state house, erected in 1792, may be mentioned as the most remarkable. It is a fine structure of the Doric order, 114 feet by 76, with walls 54 feet high. Be sides the legislative halls, it contains apartments for the several courts of the state and county, and numerous public offices. The edifice is adorned with two porticos and a dome, the top of which affords a magnificent view of the city, the river, and the surrounding country. The legislature meets alternately here and at New Haven — the odd years at Hartford. The city hall, fronting on market square, is a handsome building of Grecian architecture, containing the police court room, a large hall for public purposes, and the city market. There are also 2 extensive railroad depots. In 1852 the city contained 21 churches of the various denominations, many of them large and elegant edifices..."

A New and Complete Gazetteer of the United States: Giving a Full and Comprehensive Review of the Present Condition, Industry, and Resources of the American Confederacy ...
Thomas Baldwin (of Philadelphia.)
Joseph Thomas
January 1, 1854
Philadelphia : Lippincott, Grambo & Company 1854.

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Photos and Postcards from Hartford, Connecticut, USA

Hartford, Connecticut, USA

Residence of Mrs. Harriett Beecher Stowe

Hartford, Connecticut, USA

Residence of Samuel L Clemens (Mark Twain)

Hartford, Connecticut, USA

1888 Colt's Lightning Magazine Rifles
Colt's Patent Firearms Manufacturing Co., Hartford, Connecticut

Found at The Way It Was Museum, Virginia...

Hartford, Connecticut, USA

Wm. H. Wiley & Son, Hartford, Conn.

The Ladies' Home Journal
March 1898

Hartford, Connecticut, USA

The Hartford Rubber Works Co., Hartford, Conn.

The Ladies' Home Journal
March 1898

Hartford, Connecticut, USA

5% Nickel Steel Tubing is found only in Columbia Bicycles
Pope Mfg. Co, Hartford, Conn.

The Ladies' Home Journal
April 1898

Hartford, Connecticut, USA

Looking across Connecticut River towards Travelers Building, Hartford, Conn.

Hartford, Connecticut, USA

Main Street, looking North from Asylum Street, Hartford, Conn.

Hartford, Connecticut, USA

Hotel Bond, Hartford, Conn.

"Hotel Bond is a historic hotel, built in two stages in 1913 and 1921, in downtown Hartford, Connecticut by hotelier... Read MORE...

Hartford, Connecticut, USA

March 1936 Flood

Hartford, Connecticut, USA

March 1936 Flood
Don't end up on this site as someone's ancestor!

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History of / News About Hartford, Connecticut, USA

Add History/News
1614 - Dutch trader, Adriaen Block, sailed up Connecticut River, landed near Hartford

1633 - The Dutch erect a fort, the House of (Good) Hope, on the future site of Hartford.
The Dutch buy a parcel of land from the Indians, on what is the present site of Hartford, and build ...Read MORE...

1635 - The English establish a permanent settlement at Hartford under the direction of John Steel.

Early Settlers of Connecticut subjectguides/ early-settlers-connecticut
1636 - Thomas Hooker and company journey from Newtown (Cambridge), Massachusetts to found Hartford.
Other "Founders" of Hartford arrive, including the Rev. Thomas Hooker, Rev. Samuel Stone, and most...Read MORE...

1639 - January 14 - 1st Connecticut constitution (Fundamental Orders) adopted in Hartford, published by Rodger Ludlow
1647 - May 26 - Alse Young becomes the first person executed as a witch in the American colonies, when she is hanged in Hartford,
1662 - Connecticut Colony is established in Hartford by royal charter of Charles II, taking its name from the Indian name of the Connecticut River: Quonektacat, meaning long river. historicalSociety/ bhs-facts.htm
1687 – King James II sends armed men to Hartford to seize the 1662 Charter of Connecticut, which is hidden in the Charter Oak; government under the old charter is restored two years later. historicalSociety/ bhs-facts.htm
History of Hartford, Connecticut

History of Hartford, Connecticut (

1764 - Connecticut Courant
Connecticut Courant, the oldest American newspaper in continuous existence to the present, launched ...Read MORE...

January 29, 1780 - The temperature dipped to 20 degrees below zero at Hartford CT.

The Weather Channel
1784 - Incorporated
Earliest Connecticut cities incorporated - Hartford, Middletown, New Haven, New London and Norwich.
Timeline of Connecticut History
1788 - Federal Constitution Approved
Convention at Hartford approves Federal Constitution by 128-40 vote.
Timeline of Connecticut History
1792 - Hartford Bank Established
In 1792, Hartford Bank was established with capital of $930,000.

The Edinburgh Encyclopaedia,...

1793-96 - State House erected
Old State House, Hartford, erected; designed by Charles Bulfinch.
Timeline of Connecticut History
1796 - First cookbook written by an American was published in Hartford. The book was American Cookery by Amelia Simmons. resources/ state-facts/ connecticut.html
1810 - Hartford Fire Insurance Company
Hartford Fire Insurance Company incorporated.
Timeline of Connecticut History
1815 - Voyage up the Connecticut River
First steamboat voyage up the Connecticut River to Hartford.
Timeline of Connecticut History
1817 - School for the Deaf
Thomas Gallaudet found school for the deaf in Hartford.

Hartford Times founded by Frederick D....

1818 - Constitution Adopted
New Constitution adopted by convention in Hartford and approved by voters; ends system of...Read MORE...

1819 - Hartford
Hartford, the seat of justice for the county and semi-capital of the State, is located on the west...Read MORE...

1823 - College founded
Washington College (now Trinity) founded in Hartford.
Timeline of Connecticut History
1831 - Mutual Insurance Company
Mutual Insurance Company of Hartford founded.
Timeline of Connecticut History
1839 - Railroad completed between New Haven and Hartford.
The Hartford and New Haven Railroad, New Haven's first railroad was opened in New Haven to North...Read MORE...

1839 - December 28 - The third storm in two weeks hit the northeastern U.S. It brought two more feet of snow to Hartford, CT, and Worcester, MA. Whole gales swept the coast causing many wrecks.
1842 - Art Museum
Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, first public art museum, established.
Timeline of Connecticut History
1844 - anesthesia
Dr. Horace Wells uses anesthesia at Hartford.
Timeline of Connecticut History
1853 - Aetna Life Insurance Company
Aetna Life Insurance Company started in Hartford.
Timeline of Connecticut History
1875 - Capital
Hartford made sole capital city.
Timeline of Connecticut History
1879 - Capitol building
New Capitol building in Hartford completed; Richard Upjohn, architect.
Timeline of Connecticut History
Hartford, Conn., Jan. 24. - The public High School was destroyed by fire early this morning, the...Read MORE...

News  1884 - A SHOCK OF EARTHQUAKE Felt Over a Large Region – A Vibratory Motion from Washington to Maine
...Probably Hartford, Conn., was the most shaken of any point heard from. At twenty-one minutes to...Read MORE...

Hartford, Conn., May 23. - At 4:30 o'clock Saturday afternoon the factory of the AEtna Pyrotechnic...Read MORE...

Hartford, Conn., July 30. - RAYMOND, aged 9; LEROY, aged 7; and FREDDIE, aged 4, the children of...Read MORE...

News  1896 - "UNCLE TOM" - Its Famous Author Dies At Hartford, Conn.
Harriet Beecher Stowe and Her Career.
Was a Sister of Henry Ward Beecher.
Wrote Much - Her First...

1897 - Pope Manufacturing Company
Manufacture of automobiles begun by Pope Manufacturing Company of Hartford.
Timeline of Connecticut History
1898 - Hartford - The Birthplace of Democracy by Mary K. Talcott
Among the historic cities of New England, Hartford claims a foremost place. Not only was its...Read MORE...

News  1898 - FIRE STOPS MASQUERADE BALL. Eight Persons Severely Burned at Germania Hall, Hartford, Conn.
HARTFORD, Conn., March 8. - At a fire in Germania Hall, corner of Main and Morgan Streets, last...Read MORE...

News  1899 - EXPLOSION AT STATE CAPITOL. Watchmen Were Investigating Gas Leak with Lighted Lantern - One Man Injured.
Hartford, Aug. 14. - Escaping gas at the state capitol caused Night Watchman James Keefe of this...Read MORE...

News  1902 - August 22 – Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first American President to ride in an automobile when he rides in a Columbia Electric Victoria through Hartford, Connecticut.
August 22, 1902
Hartford, Conn., Feb. 21. - The Union Station of the New Haven Railroad here was wrecked by fire...Read MORE...

Hartford, a city, port of entry, and the capital of Connecticut and seat of justice of Hartford...Read MORE...

News  1927 - Flood
...At Hartford, Conn., 12 families were marooned on the second floors of their homes..
The Oelwein Daily Register
November 4, 1927
1929 - April 7 - Record heat prevailed across New England. Hartford CT reported an afternoon high of 90 degrees.
1938 - The Great New England Hurricane of 1938
CAT 3 - September 21, 1938
The Great New England Hurricane of 1938 was one of the most destructive ...Read MORE...

1939 - First FM radio station, WDRC-FM began broadcasting in Hartford /resources/ state-facts/ connecticut.html
News  1944 - July 6 - Ringling Brothers Circus tent fire in Hartford took 168 lives.
1944 - July 6 - World's largest circus tent catches fire at Ringling Brother's - Barnum & Bailey...Read MORE...

News  1949 - Highway Safety Commission Lists 1948 Freak Accidents - Bad Place to Sleep
...A Hartford youth, pronounced by police to be under the influence of liquor after he left a...Read MORE...

1950 - November 25-26 - Wind gusts to 100 mph recorded at Hartford CT

The Weather Channel
1957 - University of Hartford founded.

Timeline of Connecticut History
1960 - Front Street redevelopment
Ground broken for first building in Hartford's Front Street redevelopment area; now known as...Read MORE...

1978 - January 18 - Roof of 3-yr-old Civic Center in Hartford, Ct collapses (no injuries)

Ancestors Who Were Born in Hartford, Connecticut, USA

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Ancestors Who Died in Hartford, Connecticut, USA

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Ancestors buried in Hartford - Cemeteries in Hartford, Connecticut, USA

Zion Hill Cemetery

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