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What is the history of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada?

People, Pictures, Old Postcards and Stories From the Past

Explore Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Discover its history. Learn about the people who lived there through stories, old newspaper articles, pictures and genealogy.
"Ottawa — The Capital of the Dominion of Canada, is situated on the Ottawa River, 87 miles from its confluence with the St. Lawrence, and where the Gatineau and Ridcau Rivers and the Rideau Canal meet. The city, formerly called Bytown, obtained its name from its founder, Colonel By, an officer of the Royal Engineers, commissioned by the Imperial Government, in 1827, to superintend the construction of the Rideau Canal. In 1854 Bytown was created a city, and its present more appropriate name conferred. The canal divides the city into Upper and Lower Town, and enters the Ottawa through height magnificent stone locks. A massive cut-stone bridge, erected by the Royal Sappers and Miners, crosses the canal. The city is well laid out, the streets are generally wide, regular and uniform, and for the most part intersect each other at right angles. The principal quarters are supplied with gas, and active measures are now being taken for the construction of ample water works. The celebrated Chaudiere Falls, at the western extremity of the city, present a scene of grandeur unsurpassed on the continent, except by the Niagara Falls, which in many respects they rival. A suspension bridge, erected by the Provincial Government, at an original cost of $66,448, spans this foaming chasm, and unites the Provinces of Quebec and Ontario. At the northeast end of the city are two other Falls, over which the waters of the Rideau River are precipitated into the Ottawa, and although inferior to the Chaudiere, they are not wanting in interest. Altogether the scenery around the city is of unequalled beauty — wild, romantic and picturesque, — presenting a variety rarely to be met with. The commerce of Ottawa is constituted almost wholly of lumber, which passes through the city from the vast forests in the rear. More of this staple is manufactured in the district of which Ottawa is the emporium, than in any other part of Canada, and the supply furnished here is the main dependence of the spring and fall fleets which arrive in this country for return cargoes to Europe. Of sawn lumber, the mills at the Chaudiere and Ridcau Falls send out every year about one hundred millions of feet, board measure. The mills in the vicinity send out about seventy million feet of deals, and several smaller mills through the country about twenty millions more, for all of which Ottawa is the commercial centre. In addition, vast quantities of square timber are also annually exported. The future of Ottawa is not difficult to foresee. Situated in the centre of a fertile and rapidly developing country ; holding, as it were, the key of the lumber trade ; possessing unlimited water power, which men of enterprise and capital are yearly turning to account, as also every facility of communication with the principal cities of the Dominion and with the United States, it is destined to become a place of immense manufacturing operations. The natural capabilities of defence are great and important. The Parliament Buildings, recently erected, are magnificent specimens of architecture, there is no modern Gothic purer of its kind, nor less sullied with fictitious ornamentation. They consist of three buildings, forming three sides of a quadrangle, but they are not joined, the vacant spaces at the corners' being of considerable extent. The fourth side opens upon one of the principal streets of the city. The total frontage of the quadrangle, including the side buildings, is 1200 feet. The centre buildings, having a frontage of 475 feet, are occupied as the Houses of Parliament, and the side buildings as Goverment offices. The buildings stand upon a rock rising almost perpendicularly 170 feet, looking immediately down upon the river, though they are approached from the city without any ascent. The St. Lawrence and Ottawa Railway was opened in 1854, and adds materially to' the prosperity of the city. There is a daily line of steamers between Ottawa, Montreal and Kingston, and trains twice a day to Prescott, connecting with the Grand Trunk and Ogdeiisburgh Railways. Ottawa is distant from Montreal 126 miles, from Quebec 296, from Kingston 95 and from Toronto 233 miles. Population 22,000."

The Province of Ontario Gazetteer and Directory: Containing Concise Descriptions of Cities, Towns and Villages in the Province, with the Names of Professional and Business Men and Principal Inhabitants, Together with a Full List of Members of the Executive Governments, Senators, Members of the Commons and Local Legislatures, and Officials of the Dominion, and a Large Amount of Other General, Varied and Useful Information, Carefully Compiled from the Most Recent and Authentic Data
Henry McEvoy
January 1, 1869
Robertson & Cook

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  • 1800 - First European settlement on the site of present-day Ottawa.

    en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Timeline_of_Ontario_history

  • Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    www.freeusandworldmaps.com
  • 1832 - Rideau Canal from Kingston to Ottawa completed

    www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ onztimeln.htm

  • Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Canadian Scenery,
    by N.P. Willis, Illustrated by William Henry Bartlett, 1842
  • Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Bridge at Bytown, Upper Canada
    Canadian Scenery,
    by N.P. Willis, Illustrated by William Henry Bartlett, 1842
  • 1850 - Bytown (Ottawa), Ontario founded
    The site of By's headquarters during the construction of the Rideau Canal is incorporated as Bytown. Plains Indian culture is at its height,...Read MORE...


  • 1855 - Bytown Renamed
    The capital city, Ottawa, was originally named Bytown after Colonel John By, who headquartered there while building the Rideau Canal to connect the...Read MORE...


  • 1857 - Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa as the new capital of the United Province of Canada.

    www.canadahistory.com/ timeline.asp

  • News 1870 - Fire
    OTTAWA, Ont., Aug. 19. - Several wealthy farmers have been burned out recently, losing from $8,000 to $10,000 each. GILMOUR'S piling-ground for...Read MORE...


  • 1873
    OTTAWA, formerly BYTOWN, a city of Ontario, capital of the Dominion of Canada, and of Carleton co., is beautifully situated on the right bank of the...Read MORE...


  • 1879 - Basilique-Cathédrale Notre-Dame-d’Ottawa established at Ottawa

    www.gcatholic.org

  • 1882 - The Electric Cooking Range (or Stove) Invented in 1882 in Ottawa, Ontario by Thomas Ahearn and first showcased at the Chicago World’s Fair in 1893,
    it had by the 1930s replaced most gas stoves in kitchens around North America and Europe.
    canadaalive.wordpress.com/ 2010/ 08/ 11/ invented-in-canada/

  • News 1892 - Wreck of the Quadra.
    OTTAWA, Ontario, May 28. - The Minister of Marine and Fisheries has received a dispatch from the agent of his department at Victoria, stating that...Read MORE...


  • 1895 - Ottawa
    "Ot'tawa, a city of Ontario, capital of the Dominion of Canada and of Carleton co., is beautifully situated on the right bank of the Ottawa River, at ...Read MORE...


  • Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    West Block, Parliament Buildings, Ottawa, Canada.
  • Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Supreme Court Building, Ottawa, Canada
  • Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Elgin Street, Ottawa.
  • News 1906 - CYCLONE STRIKES OTTAWA.
    Churches Partially Unroofed and Windows Broken.

    Ottawa, Aug. 6. - A cyclone struck Ottawa at 6 o'clock last night and left thousands of dollars of ...Read MORE...


  • News 1906 - FIRE IMPERILS A HUNDRED IN HOTEL.
    WERE FORCED TO JUMP FROM WINDOWS AND FIRE ESCAPES.
    MANY INJURED, 2 WILL DIE.

    Ottawa, Ont., Sept. 15 - A hundred guests were trapped in the flames ...Read MORE...


  • News 1906 - FOUR KILLED IN TRAIN WRECK - Timber-Laden Train Broke in Two Ascending a Steep Incline.
    Special to The New York Times.

    OTTAWA, Ontario, July 8. - A railroad wreck in which four persons were killed occurred on the Temiskaming and...Read MORE...


  • 1908 - A branch of the Royal Mint is established in Ottawa, making for the first time coins in Canada.

    www.canadahistory.com/ timeline.asp

  • News 1913 - EIGHT DEAD IN WRECK
    Spreading Rails Sends Two Immigrant Cars Into Ottawa River

    OTTAWA, June 25, - Eight persons were killed and more than twenty injured this aternoon ...Read MORE...


  • News 1916 - CANADIAN PARLIAMENT FIRE AN ACCIDENT.
    FIVE LIVES LOST WHEN $6,000,000 HISTORIC AND BEAUITFUL STRUCTURE BURNS.

    Ottawa, Ont., Feb. 4. - Two women and three men are known to have perished ...Read MORE...




Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Genealogy

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Updated: 5/22/2019 11:36:33 AM

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