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flag  History of Cornwall, Connecticut, USA

Journey back in time to Cornwall, Connecticut, USA

Visit Cornwall, Connecticut, USA. Discover its history. Learn about the people who lived there through stories, old newspaper articles, pictures, postcards and ancestry.

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Cornwall, Connecticut, USA - Post Office and surrounding buildings

Cornwall, Litchfield, Connecticut, USA

Cornwall, in Litchfield County, is located on the Housatonic River in northwestern Connecticut and contains a portion of Mohawk State Forest. Formerly a part of Lebanon, the town was incorporated in May of 1740...

In the early 1800s, the Foreign Mission School in Cornwall recruited young men from indigenous cultures and educated them in return for their conversion to Christianity. The school caused a national scandal when two of the Cherokee students fell in love with and married local white women.

There is MUCH more to discover about Cornwall, Connecticut, USA. Read on!

Cornwall Nostalgia: Vintage Photos, Ads, and Postcards

Post Office and surrounding buildings
Cornwall, Connecticut, USA

Post Office and surrounding buildings
Coltsfoot Mountain, Cornwall, Ct.
Cornwall, Connecticut, USA

Coltsfoot Mountain, Cornwall, Ct.
Rumsey Hall School
Cornwall, Connecticut, USA

Rumsey Hall School

"On October 1, 1900, Mrs. Lillias Rumsey Sanford of Seneca Falls, New York founded the second private nondenominational pre-preparatory school in the United States. It was called 'The Terrace'...

In 1906, Mrs. Sanford, who held the title of Director, took two actions, which would profoundly influence the course of Rumsey Hall School for the next forty three years. First, she moved the school (now called Rumsey Hall) from Seneca Falls, NY to Cornwall, CT. It would remain there until 1949..."

Discover Cornwall: History, News, Travel, and Stories

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1740 - (Cornwall, CT) - Formerly a part of Lebanon, the town was incorporated in May of 1740. towns-page/ cornwall/
1819 - Cornwall
Cornwall, a post township, is situated 38 miles west from Hartford, and 48 northwest from New-Haven; bounded on the north by Canaan, on the east by Goshen, on the south by Warren and Kent, and on the west by the Ousatnick river, separating it from Sharon.

Its average length from north to south is more than 9 miles, and its average breadth about 5 miles, comprising an area of about 46 square miles...
A Gazetteer of the States of Connecticut and Rhode-Island: Written with Care and Impartiality, from Original and Authentic Materials : Consisting of Two Parts ... with an Accurate and Improved Map of Each State Authors John Chauncey Pease, John Milton Niles Publisher W.S. Marsh, 1819
1836 - Cornwall
This township was laid out in fifty three allotments, and sold by the colony at Fairfield in 1738, at fifty pounds per right. The first permanent settlement was made about 1740, there being this year 13 families in the town. The first inhabitants were from various parts of the colony, the greatest number being from Plainfield. These were persons by the name of Jewett, Spaulding, Barret, Squires, and others. Those by the name of Allen and Griffin, were from Litchfield; the Fullers and Robertses from Colchester. There were other persons from Tolland, Norwalk, and some from Massachusetts. Such a number of persons planted themselves in the town at once, that they were able to support a minister from the commencement of the settlement, In August, 1741, the Rev. Solomon Palmer was ordained their pastor. "He continued with them in peace until March, 1754, when on the Sabbath, to the great surprise of the people, he declared himself an Episcopalian in sentiment. He soon after went to England, ... Read MORE...

1839 - Cornwall
Cornwall, Connecticut
Litchfield county. This mountainous township lies on the east side of Housatonick river, 38 miles W. from Hartford, 48 N. from New Haven, and 13 N. by W. from Litchfield. First settled 1740. Population, 1830, 1,714. The scenery about the south village is very beautiful. "The cheerful appearance of the church and the little cluster of white buildings surrounding it, at the bottom of a deep valley, is uncommonly pleasing. The mountains and lofty hills which rise immediately on almost every side, shutting out, in a sense, the most of the world from this apparently retired spot, present a bold and most striking feature of the landscape." This village is the place where a Foreign Mission School was established in 1818. "This school had its rise from the attempt to qualify Obookiah, a pious Owyheean youth, and others, for missionaries to their native lands. Obookiah was brought to this country in 1808, and came to New Haven. While here, Samuel J. Mills, a student in... Read MORE...

CORNWALL, a township of Litchfield co., in the state of Connecticut, 39 m. NW of Hartford, watered by the Housatonic river and one of its tributaries, and intersected by the Housatonic railroad. The surface and soil are considerably diversified. Pop. 1,703.
A Gazetteer of the World: Or, Dictionary of Geographical Knowledge, Publisher A. Fullarton, 1859
1895 - Cornwall / Cornwall Bridge / Cornwall Hollow
Corn’wall, a post-township of Litchfield co., Conn., about 36 miles W. by N. of Hartford, is bounded on the W. by the Housatonic River. It has 7 churches, and manufactures of iron, shears, &c. Pop. 1772. It contains villages named Cornwall and Cornwall Bridge.

Cornwall, a post-village of Litchfield co., Conn., in Cornwall township, 11 miles N.W. of Litchfield. It is situated in a plain surrounded by hills, and has 1 or 2 churches.

Cornwall Bridge, a post-village of Litchfield co, Conn., in Cornwall township, on the Housatonic River and the Housatonic Railroad, 57 miles N.N.W. of Bridgeport. It has a church, a hotel, and a furnace for pig-iron.

Cornwall Hollow, a post-hamlet of Litchfield co Conn, in Cornwall township, about 36 miles W.N.W. o. Hartford. It has a church and a lumber-mill.
Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World Containing Notices of Over One Hundred and Twenty-five Thousand Places ... Joseph Thomas January 1, 1895 J.B. Lippincott
Cornwall, a post-township (town) of Litchfield co., Conn., about 36 miles W. by N. of Hartford, is bounded on the W. by the Housatonic River. Pop. in 1900, 1176.

Cornwall, a post-village of Litchfield co., Conn., in Cornwall township (town), 11 miles NW. of Litchfield.
Lippincotts New Gazetteer: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World, Containing the Most Recent and Authentic Information Respecting the Countries, Cities, Towns, Resorts, Islands, Rivers, Mountains, Seas, Lakes, Etc., in Every Portion of the Globe, Part 1 Angelo Heilprin Louis Heilprin - January 1, 1916 J.B. Lippincott - Publisher
Artificial snow-making began in Cornwall, at Mohawk Mountain Ski Area, in 1950.
2023 - Here's a list of places to go and things to do in Cornwall:
Mohawk State Forest:

Explore the great outdoors at Mohawk State Forest. There are hiking trails suitable for various skill levels, and the scenic views are truly breathtaking. Don't forget your camera!

Housatonic River:

If you enjoy water activities, take a stroll along the Housatonic River. It's a peaceful spot for fishing or simply unwinding by the water.

Cream Hill Lake:

Spend a day at Cream Hill Lake, a serene spot perfect for picnics and relaxation. You can also try your hand at fishing or bring a kayak for a leisurely paddle.

Hiking at Cathedral Pines:

Cathedral Pines is known for its majestic trees and beautiful walking trails. It's an ideal place for a quiet hike or a family picnic.

Visit the Cornwall Historical Society:

Immerse yourself in the local history by visiting the Cornwall Historical Society. Learn about the town's past through exhibits, artifacts, and maybe even chat with locals who can share fascinating stories.

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Discover MY Roots: Cornwall Ancestry

Ancestors Who Were Born or Died in Cornwall, Connecticut, USA

We currently have information about 408 ancestors who were born or died in Cornwall.

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Ancestors Who Were Married in Cornwall, Connecticut, USA

We currently have information about ancestors who were married in Cornwall.

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male ancestorIsaac SPAULDING (22 April 1726 - ) and female ancestorMercy BROWN (17 January 1731 - 10 February 1820) married 10 December 1754
male ancestorIsrael DIBBLE (7 December 1742 - 9 October 1824) and female ancestorElizabeth MILLARD (1740 - 16 November 1824) married 3 March 1763
male ancestorDaniel EVEREST (16 April 1752 - 2 July 1825) and female ancestorEunice PATTERSON (13 February 1755 - 6 September 1838) married 27 November 1774
male ancestorJasper PRATT (1756 - 20 February 1833) and female ancestorAbigail BUTLER (20 December 1749 - 11 March 1845) married 30 December 1785
male ancestorNehemiah BURTON (1775 - 1845) and female ancestorSarah NEWTON (20 November 1779 - 6 October 1860) married 31 October 1799

Genealogy Resources for Cornwall

Connecticut Newspapers

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Updated: 10/8/2023 3:58:59 PM