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HELP! immigrant flag male ancestor  Jean  GÉLINAS

  (b. abt. 1646 France   d. abt. 1704 Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Canada, New France )  

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GÉLINAS Family Tree

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Jean GÉLINAS was born abt. 1646 in France

Jean GÉLINAS was the child of Étienne GÉLINAS   and   Huguette ROBERT

Jean was an immigrant to Canada, arriving by 1667.

Spouse(s)/Partner(s) and Child(ren):

Jean  married  Françoise DE CHARMESNIL (MESNY) 17 October 1667 in Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 5 children. Françoise DE CHARMESNIL (MESNY)  was born 24 May 1651 in Rouen, France.  Françoise died abt. 1717 in Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Three Rivers). 

Jean GÉLINAS died abt. 1704 in Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Canada, New France .

Occupation: Charpentier et habitant


Details of the family tree of Jean appear below.

Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - Over time, Québec has gone through a series of name changes
From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France.
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Québec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Québec, Canada.

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.
Did You Know? Québec Généalogie - The Seigneurial System (1627 - 1854)
The seigneurial system was a form of land settlement modeled on the French feudal system. It began in New France in 1627 with the formation of the Compagnie des Cent-Associés (or Company of 100 Associates), which was initially responsible for handing out land grants and seigneurial rights. The land was divided into five by 15 kilometer plots, usually along major rivers like the St. Lawrence. They were then further subdivided into narrow, but long lots for settlement. These lots were usually long enough to be suitable for faming, and they provided everyone who lived on them with equal access to neighbouring farms and the river. There were three main groups of people who lived off the land in this system: Seigneurs, Habitants and Engagés

Jean GÉLINAS was a habitant.
Habitants were usually farmers or labourers who were initially brought over from France to live on this land. They had to pay rent and taxes to the seigneur, though they co-owned the land with the seigneur, and even had to work entirely for the benefit of the seigneur a few days each year.

Source: Canada in the Making (www.canadiana.ca/citm/index_e.html)

What is a Habitant? Habitants played an essential role in creating a permanent, settled population along the St. Lawrence River. But it was not an easy life...

Habitants had to clear the land, build a homestead, and plant and harvest a crop. The first task was never-ending, while the last one was annual. Building and repairing the house and barn were continual tasks. So were cutting and hauling firewood. The habitants had to be largely self-reliant in looking after all routine tasks such as cooking, baking, making furniture, and repairing tools. They had to attend to the educational and medical needs of the family. They had to endure the harsh physical climate and rough terrain, largely unaided by government support. The habitants had to pay taxes to the seigneurs and the church.

Canada: The Story of Our Heritage by Elspeth Deir, John Fielding, Nick Brune, Peter Grant, Stephanie Smith Abram; McGraw-Hill Ryerson School, 2000
Jean was a Charpentier et habitant.
In New France, the occupation of charpentier, or carpenter, covered all trades of wood construction.

Source: tfcq.ca

18th Century Charpentier in New France: Crafting Dreams in Timber

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marriage1667 Marriage / Partner
Jean GÉLINAS and Françoise DE CHARMESNIL (MESNY) 17 October 1667, Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Québec, Canada (Sainte-Marie-Madeleine)
1678 Birth of Child
Marie-Anne GÉLINAS was born 12 September 1678, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Three Rivers)
1683 Birth of Child
Marguerite-Jeanne GÉLINAS was born 19 July 1683, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Three Rivers)
marriage1700 Marriage of Child
Jean-Baptiste GÉLINAS dit BELLEMARE married 8 November 1700, Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada (Saint-Jean) to Jeanne-Marie BOISSONNEAU dite ST-ONGE
marriage1701 Marriage of Child
Étienne GÉLINAS married 20 November 1701, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Three Rivers) to Marguerite BENOIT
marriage1702 Marriage of Child
Marie-Anne GÉLINAS married 21 January 1702, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Three Rivers) to Pierre ROCHEREAU dit MORISSEAU
Added: 2/4/2015 9:55:53 AM - Updated: 12/9/2022 1:50:24 PM

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