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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? In New France, the habitant's homes were commonly built of felled timber or of rough-hewn stone, solid, low, stocky buildings, usually about twenty by forty feet or thereabouts in size, with a single doorway and very few windows. The roofs were steep-pitched, with a dormer window or two thrust out on either side, the eaves projecting well over the walls in such manner as to give the structures a half-bungalow appearance. With almost religious punctuality the habitants whitewashed the outside of their walls every spring, so that from the river the country houses looked trim and neat at all seasons.

Source: Daily Life in New France ( french/ daily_life_in_new_france.htm)

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

Mortagne, Perche, France (Mortagne-au-Perche) -
Mortagne, Perche, France (Mortagne-au-Perche)


Mortagne, Perche, France (Mortagne-au-Perche) -
Mortagne, Perche, France (Mortagne-au-Perche)


Mortagne, Perche, France (Mortagne-au-Perche) -
Mortagne, Perche, France (Mortagne-au-Perche)


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immigrant France  Gaspard  Boucher

  (b. abt. 1599Mortagne, Perche, France   d. 20 May 1662Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France )  

Gaspard Boucher was born abt. 1599 in Mortagne, Perche, France . Gaspard Boucher was the child of Jacques Boucher and Françoise Paigne

Gaspard was an immigrant to Canada, arriving by 1634.

He married  Nicole Lemaire 12 December 1619 in France .  The couple had (at least) 4 children. Nicole Lemaire  was born abt. 1599 in , France .  She died 19 June 1652 in Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada . 

Gaspard Boucher died 20 May 1662 in Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

He was born in Montagne (Notre Dame) Perche, France.

He married Dec. 12, 1619 in Mamers, Maine, France.

He arrived in Canada with his wife and four or five of their children in 1634 or 1635, or both years. In 1634, some 30-odd Percheron immigrants had crossed the ocean led by colonizing seigneur Robert Giffard. Gaspard may have been among the group. On their arrival, whenever they actually arrived, they were accommodated by Champlain in the 'habitation'. They soon after established themselves in the Notre-Dame-des-Anges seigneurie where Gaspard was engaged on the Jesuit farm. In March 21, 1646, Gaspard Boucher acquires a 24-arpents farm at Trois-Rivières.

Gaspard passed away on 20 May 1662 in Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Canada in a house fire that also claimed the life of his wife Nicole.

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Gaspard Boucher married immigrant France Nicole Lemaire-- Date: 12 December 1619 Place: , France
Mamers, Maine, France

Added: 9/17/2010 3:29:41 PM  
Updated: 4/27/2016 4:25:32 PM

immigrant France Pierre Boucher (b.1 August 1622, Mortagne, Perche, France   d. 19 April 1717, Boucherville, Canada, New France )

immigrant France Marie Boucher (b.22 January 1629, Mortagne, Perche, France   d. 29 November 1706, Batiscan, Canada, New France )

immigrant France Marguerite Boucher (b.28 July 1631, , France  d. abt. 1667, Château-Richer, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Madeleine Boucher (b.28 July 1634, , Québec Province, Canada   d. 13 September 1691, Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France )

Lifetime Events

Add Information

Origin of Surname
(French) A butcher; a blood-thirsty man.
An etymological dictionary of family and Christian names - By William Arthur - 1857.
Added: 4/2/2015 5:25:08 PM - Beckie  Updated: -

France 1617 - Louis XIII crowned at the age of 17 (France)

1619 Marriage / Partner
Gaspard Boucher and Nicole Lemaire 12 December 1619, , France

1622 Birth of Child
Pierre Boucher was born 1 August 1622, Mortagne, Perche, France (Mortagne-au-Perche)

1629 Birth of Child
Marie Boucher was born 22 January 1629, Mortagne, Perche, France (Mortagne-au-Perche)

1631 Birth of Child
Marguerite Boucher was born 28 July 1631, , France

Canada Between 1634 and August 1663, while the colony was governed by the Compagnie des Cent-Associés, about 262 women of marriageable age (Filles à marier) were recruited
by individuals or by private religious groups who paid their travel expenses and provided for their lodging until they were married.
But individual recruiters and private organizations had little...

Canada 1634-40 - The Huron nation is reduced by half from European diseases (smallpox epidemic, 1639). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1634 Birth of Child
Madeleine Boucher was born 28 July 1634, , Québec Province, Canada (Quebec)

Canada 1641 - Beginning of French and Iroquois Wars
Also known as the Beaver Wars.

Encouraged and armed by their Dutch and English trading partners, the Iroquois sought to expand their territory and monopolize the fur trade and the trade between...Read MORE...

Canada 1642 - The sieur de Maisonneuve founds Montréal (May 18). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1648-49 The Iroquois disperse the Huron nation. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1652 Death of Spouse/Partner
Nicole Lemaire died 19 June 1652, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada

Canada 1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

20 May 1662
Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada

Added: 9/17/2010 3:27:26 PM

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