Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)
Where is Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)?
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Trois-Rivières is a city in the Mauricie region of Quebec, Canada, located along the densely populated Quebec City-Windsor Corridor at the confluence of the Saint-Maurice and Saint Lawrence rivers. It was founded in 1634, the second permanent settlement in New France. The current city was created in 2002 from the merging of six towns : Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Pointe-du-Lac, Sainte-Marthe-du-Cap, Saint-Louis-de-France, Trois-Rivières and Trois-Rivières-Ouest.
Three Rivers dates far back in the history of French colonization in Canada. On one of the islands at the mouth of the noble tributary which here enters the St. Lawrence. Cartier, in 1534, planted a cross in the name of the King of France. In 1599 Pontgrave gave it the name of Riviere des Trois Rivieres, from the appearance which two of the islands give it of being three separate streams; Cartier had christened it Riviere de Foie, from the Breton family of that name. Champlain and Pontgrave ascended it as far as the first rapids, and a little later Champlain made the mouth of the stream a rendezvous for the Hurons who joined him in his expedition against the Iroquois, the river being the highway of the tribes who came from the interior to barter furs with the French traders, having been driven away from the St. Lawrence by the Iroquois. Traces of an old Algonquin stockade that stood where the upper town is now, and was destroyed before Champlain's time, were found when the boulevard facing the St. Lawrence was made.
One of the Recollet fathers who came with Champlain in 1615, celebrated the first mass. Colonists came two years later, and a mission was founded. In 1634 a regular trailing depot was established, as Montgrave had proposed to do long before, when Tadoussac was preferred by his superior Chauvin. For a long lime this was the extreme outpost of the French, and was held only by exceeding vigilance and bravery, which more than once saved Quebec from imminent danger. In 1624 Champlain's diplomacy brought together here one of the greatest assemblages of Indians ever known upon the Continent, and secured a treaty of peace between Hurons, Algonquins, Iroquois, and French. The Mohawks could not long resist the desire to use their newly-acquired fire-arms furnished by the Dutch and English, and then followed the bloody scenes which ended only with the arrival of the long prayed-for troops from France in 1665. The Hurons and Algonquins were almost exterminated, and the French were sore pressed. This was the heroic age of the colony so vigorously described by Parkman. The fur-traders of Three Rivers bore their part in it well, and when there was no more fighting to do their venturesome spirits found outlet in
the existing work of exploration, for with the establishment of Montreal the importance of Three Rivers as a trading-post had begun to decline, and the necessity of being farther afield, to say nothing of the half-wild nature of the coureurs de bois, led them on. The missionaries whose outpost, in the crusade against Satan and his Indian allies, Three Kivers also was, had set them an example. Jean
Nicolet lived and died here, and the old Chateau of the Governors, in which La Verendraye lived, still stands.
Not far from the Chateau is the original parish church, the oldest in Canada except the one at Tadoussac. It has the oldest records, for those of Quehec were burned in 1640. They begin on February 6th, 1635, in Pere Le Jeune's handwriting, with the statement that M. de la Violette, sent by Champlain to found a habitation, landed at Three Rivers on July 4th, 1634, with a party of French, mostly artizans, and commenced the work; that the Jesuits Le Jeune and Buteux came on the 8th of September, to be with them for the salvation of their souls, and that several of them died of scurvy during the winter. The chapel of the Jesuit mission severed till 1664, when a wooden church, with presbytery, cemetery and garden, was built...
Lucius O'Brien - Picturesque Canada (1882–84), Pages 94-96
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History / News
1615 - Trois Rivieres existed as fur trading post since 1615...
www.telusplanet.net/ public/ dgarneau/ french10.htm
1634 - Trois-Rivières founded by Sieur de Laviolette.
Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History
1634 - August, 1634 - Samuel de Champlain rebuilds ruins of Québec, enlarges fortifications, builds fort at mouth of St-Maurice; starts another at Trois-Rivieres.
canadachannel.ca/ todayincanadianhistory/ index.php/ August_(Day_Unknown)
1650 - Nine Frenchmen are killed at Three Rivers by the Iroquois.
"The officials finally recognize Trois Rivieres, (Quebec), a trading center, upstream from Fort Kebec at the mouth of the Saint Maurice River, by building a fort in this location. (I)-Samuel de Champlain (1567-1635), to confirm this recognition, built a fort forty miles upriver at Trois Riviers, he says, to check the Free-trading English seamen who had established trade during the French absence. The Fort is intended to ensure French Free-traders deal with Fort Kebec and not the English. Tro...
www.many-roads.com/ 2010/ 04/ 20/ a-history-of-french-canada-1650 -to-1669/
The small post at Trois-Rivieres suffered a number of attacks... The Iroquois usually arrived by canoe in complete silence. Using harquebuses and tomahawks, they killed Frenchmen who were out hunting game.
On June 6, 1651, Pierre Boucher, in charge of the Trois-Rivieres post, was ordered to create small companies of militia.
History of Quebec for Dummies by Eric Bedard, published by John Wiley & Sons, Canada, Ltd.
1666 Census - Trois Rivieres was a small port with a population of 455, including that of adjoining settlements.
"Ninety miles beyond, still upstream, there flows into this King of Rivers, which at its mouth is 60 miles in width, and here more than a mile and a half, with both flow and ebb of the tide, although more than 400 miles distance from the sea. There flows into it, I say, attributer which we call the Three Rivers, because it issues as if by three mouths, by reason of two Islands, which divide it into three streams. At this place is the second fort of the French on the River Saint Lawrence, and a...
The governor in charge of the local administration was Pierre Boucher, already mentioned as a delegate to France in 1661. The Jesuits had a residence there and a chapel which was the only place of public worship, for the colonists had not as yet the means to erect a parish church... Among the important families of Three Rivers were those of Godefroy, Hertel, Le Neuf, Crevier, Boucher, Poulin, Volant, Lemaitre, Rivard, and Ameau. Michel Le Neuf du Herisson was juge royal, and Severin Ameau was no...
1668 - Prohibited from selling liquor to Indians
The End of February 1668. Petition presented to the Supreme Council by a number of the inhabitants of Three-Rivers, of Cap de la Madeleine, and of Champlain in which they allege that notwithstanding the prohibition to sell intoxicating liquor to the Indians, many people continue to do so : the petitioners therefore ask that this prohibition be repeated 'and that people be prevented from bringing merchandize into the woods.
Sessional Papers: Volume 24, Issue 2
Quebec Province Legislature
1678 - Cathédrale de l’Assomption (Paroisse Immaculée-Conception) established at Trois-Rivières
1678 - Église de Sainte-Marie-Madeleine established at Trois-Rivières
1698 - October 14 - New France census shows: 211 houses in Trois-Rivières,
canadachannel.ca/ todayincanadianhistory/ index.php/ October_14
In 1730, the iron works, des Forges du Saint-Maurice, were started. With this, Trois-Rivières became Canada's first industrial area.
1745 - June 20: The French settlement at Three Rivers, P.E.I., is destroyed by the English.
www.telusplanet.net/ public/ dgarneau/ french34.htm
1769 - November 6 - Trois-Rivieres governor Pierre Boucher returns from La Rochelle, France,
on two ships, with 100 soldiers, 300 new settlers, supplies, and a commitment of support to New France from Louis XIV.
canadachannel.ca/ todayincanadianhistory/ index.php/ November_6
1822 - Prison is built in Trois-Rivières
It was designed by architect François Baillairgé.
1832 - Église de la Visitation-de-la-Sainte-Vierge established at Trois-Rivières
1842 - EARTHQUAKE
From the Quebec Mercury of Nov. 10 -
The Canadien of last evening gives the following account of the recent shock from an earthquake, received in a letter from Three Rivers.
'This morning, about 10 o'clock, we experienced a violent shock of an earthquake. I was present at a marriage, (we omit the names of the parties) and the grand vicair. Mr. Cook, had reached the Angus Dei, when on a sudden a sound was heard resembling the rolling of a cart over hard frozen ground; this noise continued ...
THREE-RIVERS, a town of Lower Canada, situated on the NW side of the river St. Maurice, at its confluence with the St. Lawrence, 90 m. from Quebec. It derives its name from the entrance into the former river being here separated by two island lying in its mouth, into three channels. The town stands on a light and sandy soil, which extends also over the environs, Towards the St. Maurice the ground rises considerable, but in the opposite direction it sinks almost to a level with the river. The pri...
THREE RIVERS, a city of Quebec, capital of the co. of St. Maurice, at the confluence of the Rivers St. Maurice and St. Lawrence, and on the line of the proposed North Shore railway, 90 miles from Quebec, 90 miles from Montreal. It is one of the oldest towns in the province, having been founded in 1613, and was for a long time stationary as regarded enterprise and improvement; but of late years it has become a most prosperous place, a change produced principally by the extensive trade in lumber w...
1885 - Canadian Towns which are Infected
1890 - CLERICAL INTERFERENCE.
The State Board of Health of Maine announces, that besides Montreal and its suburbs, the following named places in the Province of Quebec are affected with small-pox; Batiscan, Oct. 22, 7 families; Bersenels, below Tadousac, Nov 6, 4 families; Cap St. Ignace, Oct. 29, 50 cases, Chambly, Oct 27, 2 cases; Grondines, Oct. 18, several deaths; Lachine, Nov. 4, another new case, Laprairie, Oct. 22, 1 child died and 3 sick, L'Islet, Oct. 29, 6 cases; Longueuil, Nov. 3, 7 cases, have been 20 in all, Lor...
Complaints to be Made to Rome About the Conduct of Mgr. Lafleche.
QUEBEC, July 5. - LeCanadian says complaints are to be made to Rome against Mgr. Lafleche, Bishop of Three Rivers, who is accused of meddling in politics; and that the elections for Three Rivers, Champlain and Maskinonge are to be contested on grounds of undue clerical influence. It also says Mgr. Guay, a priest in Rimouski, is to be cited before his diocesan for interfering in politics.
The Winnipeg Tribune
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
July 5, 1890
1908 - FIRE RAKES A CANADIAN TOWN - Million Dollars' Damage Done In Three Rivers, Quebec.
Three Rivers, or Trois Rivieres, a city and port of entry of Quebec, capital of the co. of St. Maurice, at the confluence of the rivers St. Maurice and St. Lawrence, and on the Canadian Pacific and Grand Trunk Rs., 95 miles NE. of Montreal. It is one of the oldest towns in the province, having been founded in 1634. The city has important lumbering-industries, foundries and machine-shops, and manufactures of iron pipe, axes and tools, boots and shoes, paper, burial caskets, etc. It is the residen...
OTHER CITIES AIDED
But Flames Are Not Stayed Before the Whole Business Section Has Been Paralyzed.
THREE RIVERS, Que., June 23. - Fanned by a high wind a fire which broke out shortly before noon Monday in a stable did not pause in its work of destruction until the greater part of the lower town containing the business section of the city, had been consumed. Then with the assistance of firemen summoned by special trains from Montreal, Quebec, Sherbrooke and Grande Mere, it was held in check...
1918 - Église de la Sainte-Famille established at Trois-Rivières
1967 - January 14, 1967 - Catholic elementary and secondary teachers strike, closing hundreds of schools in Montréal and Trois-Rivieres; ends Feb. 17 when Québec passes Bill 25.
canadachannel.ca/ todayincanadianhistory/ index.php/ January_14
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