Dutchess County, New York, USA - 1895 - Dutchess county
Dutch’ess, a southeastern county of New York, bordering on Connecticut, has an area of about 853 square miles. It is bounded on the W. by the Hudson River, and is drained by Fishkill River and Wappinger's Creek. The surface is partly a hilly upland, with some deep ravines, and the Taghanic Mountains extend along its eastern border. The soil is generally fertile and adapted to grazing, hay, oats, Indian corn, cattle, butter, and potatoes are the staple products. This county supplies large quantities of milk to the market of New York. It is intersected by 4 railroads, —the New York Central & Hudson River, the West Shore, the New York & Massachusetts, and the Central New Eng land & Western, all of which pass through Poughkeepsie, the capital of the county. Silurian slate crops out in this county, which has some metamorphic limestone or marble. Among the forest trees are the oak, chestnut, hickory, elm, and beech. Pop. in 1870, 74,041; in 1875, 76,056; in 1880, 79,184; in 1890, 77,879.
Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World: A Complete Pronouncing Gazetteer Or Geographical Dictionary of the World Containing Notices of Over One Hundred and Twenty-five Thousand Places ... Joseph Thomas January 1, 1895 J.B. Lippincott
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