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1701 - 40 First Nation tribes, French Colonial Government signed Great Peace of Montreal

On August 4, 1701, some 40 Aboriginal nations gathered in Montreal. On that day, their representatives dinged the Treaty of Montreal. People in Montreal would remember this ceremony for a long time. All told, nearly 1,300 Aboriginal people lived for three weeks in this small town of about 2,600 inhabitants. The ceremony took place at the same time as the annual fur fair. To keep things from getting out of hand, the authorities banned the sale of alcohol...

This peace, assuring France of domination in the west, meant that the Iroquois and the Aboriginal peoples of the Pays d'en haut would stop making war, and all could go freely after furs and move around undisturbed. The Iroquois also agreed to remain neutral in case of conflict between France and England. After the document was signed, the peace pipe was smoked.

History of Quebec for Dummies by Eric Bedard, published by John Wiley & Sons, Canada, Ltd. 

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