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U.S. President flag photo of Franklin PIERCE   Franklin PIERCE (23 November 1804, , New Hampshire, USA - 8 October 1869, Concord, New Hampshire, USA)

1853 - March 4 - Franklin Pierce (1804-1869) becomes 14th President of the United States

As president, Pierce followed a course of appeasing the South at home and of playing with schemes of territorial expansion abroad. The failure of his foreign and domestic policies prevented his renomination.

U.S. President flag photo of James BUCHANAN   James BUCHANAN (23 April 1791, Cove Gap, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, USA - 1 June 1868, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, USA)

1857 - March 4 - James Buchanan (1791-1868) becomes 15th President of the United States - the only bachelor to be President.

He was elected president in 1856, defeating John C. Frémont, the Republican candidate, and former President Millard Fillmore of the American Party. The growing crisis over slavery presented Buchanan with problems he lacked the will to tackle. His appeasement of the South... Read MORE...

U.S. President flag photo of Abraham LINCOLN   Abraham LINCOLN (12 February 1809, , Kentucky, USA - 15 April 1865, Washington, DC, USA)

1861 - March 4 - Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) becomes 16th President of the United States.

Lincoln's inaugural address was stirring. He appealed for the preservation of the Union. To retain his support in the North without further alienating the South, he called for compromise. He promised he would not initiate force to maintain the Union or interfere with... Read MORE...

U.S. President flag photo of Hiram Ulysses Simpson GRANT   Hiram Ulysses Simpson GRANT (27 April 1822, Point Pleasant, Ohio, USA - 23 July 1885, Saratoga, New York, USA (Schuylerville) (Victory))

1869 - March 4 - Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885) becomes 18th President of the United States

In 1868, as Republican candidate for president, Grant was elected over the Democrat, Horatio Seymour. From the start, Grant showed his unfitness for the office. His cabinet was weak, his domestic policy was confused, and many of his intimate associates were corrupt. The... Read MORE...

U.S. President flag photo of Rutherford Birchard HAYES   Rutherford Birchard HAYES (4 October 1822, Delaware, Ohio, USA - 17 January 1893, Fremont, Ohio, USA)

1877 - March 4 - Rutherford B. Hayes (1822-1893) becomes 19th President of the United States

On the night of the 1876 presidential election, Republican candidate Rutherford B. Hayes went to bed early. He assumed that he had lost the election to his opponent, Democrat Samuel J. Tilden. Tilden did win the popular vote that night, but the Republicans challenged the... Read MORE...

U.S. President flag photo of James Abram GARFIELD   James Abram GARFIELD (19 November 1831, Orange, Cuyahoga, Ohio, USA - 19 September 1881, Elberon, New Jersey, USA)

1881 - March 4 - James A. Garfield (1831–1881) becomes President of the United States

In 1880, Garfield was elected to the Senate, but instead became the presidential candidate on the 36th ballot as a result of a deadlock in the Republican convention. In the election, he defeated Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock, the Democratic candidate. Garfield's... Read MORE...

U.S. President flag photo of Chester Alan ARTHUR   Chester Alan ARTHUR (5 October 1829, Fairfield, Vermont, USA - 18 November 1886, Manhattan, New York, USA (New York City) (New Amsterdam) (Washington Heights))

1881 - September 19 - Chester A. Arthur (1829–1886) becomes President of the United States

In 1880 Arthur was nominated for vice president in the hope of conciliating the followers of Grant and the powerful New York machine. As president upon Garfield's death, Arthur, stepping out of his familiar role as spoilsman, backed civil service reform, reorganized the... Read MORE...

U.S. President flag photo of Stephen Grover CLEVELAND   Stephen Grover CLEVELAND (18 March 1837, Caldwell, Essex, New Jersey, USA - 24 June 1908, Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey, USA)

1885 - March 4 - Grover Cleveland (1837-1908) becomes 22nd President of the United States

In 1884 Grover Cleveland won the Democratic nomination for president. The campaign contrasted Cleveland's spotless public career with the uncertain record of James G. Blaine, the Republican candidate, and Cleveland received enough Mugwump (independent Republican) support to ... Read MORE...