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List of Filles du Roi (King's Daughters) 1600s Quebec New France


Between 1663 and 1673, 768 Filles du Roi or "King’s Daughters" emigrated to New France under the sponsorship of the French government as part of the overall strategy of strengthening the colony until it could stand on its own without economic and military dependence on France.

In 1663, the King took over direct control of the government of New France and initiated an organized system of recruiting and transporting marriageable women to the colony. On September 22, 1663, thirty-six girls –the first group of Filles du Roi– arrived in Québec.

The recruiting of Filles du Roi took place largely in Paris, Rouen and other northern cities by merchants and ship outfitters. A screening process required each girl to present her birth certificate and a recommendation from her parish priest or local magistrate stating that she was free to marry. It was necessary that the girls be of appropriate age for giving birth and that "they be healthy and strong for country work, or that they at least have some aptitude for household chores."

The cost of sending each Fille du Roi to New France was 100 livres: 10 for the recruitment, 30 for clothing and 60 for the crossing itself. Upon arrival, the Filles received suitable clothing and some provisions.

All of the Filles du Roi first landed at Québec City where 560 remained, with 133 being sent to Montréal and 75 to Trois-Rivières.

When selecting a Fille du Roi, the suitor looked beyond outward appearances and considered the practical attributes of a bride that would be adapted or disposed to the rigors of the colony. The preference seems to have been for peasant girls because they were healthy and industrious, as opposed to city girls who were often considered lightheaded and lazy.

Every Fille du Roi had the right to refuse any marriage offer that was presented. In order to make an informed decision to accept a would-be husband, the girls asked questions about the suitor’s home, finances, land and profession. Having a home of one’s own was one of the most important considerations for a Fille du Roi.

In addition to any dowry of goods that the bride may have brought with her from France, each couple was given an assortment of livestock and goods to start them off in married life: a pair of chickens and pigs, an ox, a cow and two barrels of salted meat. The King’s Gift of 50 livres is believed to have been a customary addition to the dowry, but only 250 out of 606 known marriage contracts make reference to an additional dowry given by the King. Once married, there was an incentive to have large families. A yearly pension of 300 livres was granted to families with ten children, rising to 400 livres for 12 children and more for larger families.

In September 1673 the last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years since the program had begun.

Source: Peter J. Gagné, King’s Daughters and Founding Mothers: The Filles du Roi, 1663-1673, (Pawtucket, RI: Quinton Publications, 2001)


Histoire du Québec 6 - Les Filles du Roi (in French) (www.youtube.com)
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  Marie BERTIN dite BREVAL (1653, , France - 16 February 1716, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))
  Lucrèce BILLOT (abt. 1641, , France - 22 November 1706, Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada (Bourg Royal))
  Jeanne BILODEAU (1646, , France - 26 August 1684, Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation))
  Marguerite BINAUDIÈRE (abt. 1638, , France - 11 May 1705, Sainte-Famille-de-l'île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)
  Renee BIRET (abt. 1646, La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France - 14 March 1715, La Durantaye, Québec, Canada)
  Isabelle BLAIS (BLAY) (abt. 1648, , France - 28 November 1692, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))
  Marguerite BLAISE (29 April 1653, , France - 15 June 1726, Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures, Québec, Canada)
  Marie BLANCHARD (15 January 1647, Rouen, France - 29 January 1722, Lachine, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Saints-Anges-de-Lachine))
  Jeanne BLONDEAU (abt. 1646, , France - 2 November 1680, Sorel, Québec, Canada)
  Antoinette BLUTEAU (abt. 1644, , France - 20 January 1681 , La Durantaye, Québec, Canada)
  Marie BOILEAU (abt. 1641, , France - 20 July 1721, Saint-François-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)
  Françoise BOIVIN (abt. 1653, , France - 13 April 1717, Boucherville, Québec, Canada (Sainte-Famille-de-Boucherville))
  Marie-Louise BOLPER (1651, , France - 17 November 1728, Saint-François-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)
  Marguerite BONNEFOY (1648, Rouen, France - 14 November 1700, Neuville, Portneuf, Québec, Canada (Saint-François-de-Sales))
  Marie BONVILLE (BONHEUR) (abt. 1651, Paris, France - 10 February 1687, Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Nativité-de-Beauport))
  Marie BOUART (22 March 1649 , , France - 15 September 1712, Batiscan, Québec, Canada (Sainte-Geneviève-de-Batiscan) (Saint-François-Xavier))
  Jeanne-Marguerite BOUCAULT (abt. 1651, Paris, France - 23 January 1696, Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Nativité-de-Beauport))
  Louise BOUCHARD (abt. 1647, , France - 31 August 1703, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
  Catherine BOURGEOIS (17 February 1633, Rouen, France - 28 September 1702, Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Nativité-de-Beauport))
  Françoise BOURGEOIS (abt. 1646, Paris, France - 21 July 1704, Saint-Laurent-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)
  Jeanne BOURGEOIS (1644, Paris, France - 16 January 1730, Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Nativité-de-Beauport))
  Marie BOURGEOIS (1646, Rouen, France - 2 October 1700, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))
  Marie BOUTARD (abt. 1647, , France - 26 April 1728, Boucherville, Québec, Canada (Sainte-Famille-de-Boucherville))
  Jeanne BOUVEAU (BEAUVEAU) (abt. 1653, Champagne, France - 7 January 1737, Saint-Ours, Québec, Canada (Immaculée-Conception))
  Barbe BOYÈRE (BOYER) (9 March 1655, , France - 9 December 1730, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))
  Jeanne BRACONNIER (abt. 1651, Paris, France - 20 February 1711, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
  Anne BRANDON (abt. 28 August 1634, , France - 9 August 1689, Lachine, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Saints-Anges-de-Lachine))
  Marie BRIERE (abt. 1645, , France - , )
  Françoise BRUNET (1635, , France - 20 July 1668, Lauzon, Lévis, Québec, Canada (Saint-Joseph-de-la-Pointe-de-Lévy))
  Marguerite BULTÉ (abt. 1647, , France - 25 June 1732, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))
(Pierre BULTÉ dit PICARD & Louise PEPIN)

  Marie BUOT (abt. 1653, , France - 19 June 1732, Saint-François-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)
  Catherine BUREAU (abt. 1651, Paris, France - 1 August 1707, Saint-Michel-de-Bellechasse, Québec, Canada)
  Jeanne BURELLE (BUREL) (abt. 1649, , France - 17 April 1724, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada* (L'Enfant-Jésus-de-la-Pointe-aux-Trembles))
C
  Marie-Jeanne CAILLÉ (abt. 1653, Paris, France - 12 March 1734, Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation))
  Hélène CALAIS (abt. 1656, Paris, France - , , Québec Province, Canada (Quebec))
  Marie CAMPION (1654, Rouen, France - 28 January 1697, Rivière-Ouelle, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-Liesse))
  Madeleine CARBONNET (9 February 1640, , France - 16 March 1711, Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada (Bourg Royal))
(Nicolas CARBONNET & Anne ROBIN)

  Marguerite CARDILLON (abt. 1641, Paris, France - 24 June 1711, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
  Marie CARTIGNIER (CARTIGNY) (abt. 1653, Paris, France - , )
  Henriette CARTOIS (abt. 1651, Paris, France - 8 January 1729, Saint-Vallier, Québec, Canada)
  Nicole CHANDOISEAU (1651, Paris, France - 3 November 1711, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
  Renée CHANFRAIN (abt. 1649, Paris, France - 7 March 1684, Saint-Laurent-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)
  Michelle CHARLIER (CHARTIER) (1644, Paris, France - 28 January 1729, Saint-Sulpice, Québec, Canada)
  Marguerite CHARPENTIER (1650, , France - 28 February 1709, Neuville, Portneuf, Québec, Canada (Saint-François-de-Sales))
  Marie CHARPENTIER (abt. 1655, Paris, France - 28 May 1713, La-Pérade, Québec, Canada (Sainte-Anne-de-la-Perade))
  Marie-Reine CHARPENTIER (abt. 1658, Paris, France - 25 January 1728, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
  Louise CHARRIER (abt. 1643, , France - 21 June 1706, La Prairie, Québec, Canada (St-Philippe) (St-Jean-François-Régis))
  Marie CHARRIER (abt. 1639, , France - 20 December 1694, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))
  Jeanne CHARTIER (abt. 1636, Paris, France - 30 October 1695, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
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