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Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal) -
Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal)


Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal) - Montreal from the Mountain
1882 - Lucius O'Brien - Picturesque Canada (1882–84)
Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal)
Montreal from the Mountain
1882 - Lucius O'Brien - Picturesque Canada (1882–84)

Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal) - St. James Street, Montreal
Source: Postcard
Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal)
St. James Street, Montreal
Source: Postcard

Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal) - MONTREAL - Rue Ste. Catherine Quest. (St. Catherine Street West.)
Source: Postcard
Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal)
MONTREAL - Rue Ste. Catherine Quest. (St. Catherine Street West.)
Source: Postcard

Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal) - St. James Cathedral, Montreal.
Source: Postcard
Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal)
St. James Cathedral, Montreal.
Source: Postcard

Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal) - City Hall and Jacques Cartier Square, Montreal.
Source: Postcard
Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal)
City Hall and Jacques Cartier Square, Montreal.
Source: Postcard

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Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal)
People, Pictures and News From the Past

Where is Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal)?  Montreal was the largest city in Canada up until the 1970's and is now the second-largest city in Canada and the largest city in the province of Quebec. Originally called Ville-Marie ('City of Mary'), some historians think the city takes its present name from the Mont Réal (as it was pronounced in Middle French, or Mont Royal / Mount Royal in present French), the three-head hill at the heart of the city, whose name was also initially given to the island on which the city is located.

The official language of Montreal is French as defined by the city's charter. It is among the five largest French-speaking cities in the world. As of the 2006 Canadian Census, 1,620,693 people resided in the city of Montreal proper. The population of the Montreal Census Metropolitan Area (also known as Greater Montreal Area) was 3,635,571 at the same 2006 census. In the census metropolitan area, French is the language most spoken at home by 70.5% of the population (as of 2006 census). In 2007, Forbes Magazine ranked Montreal as the 10th cleanest city in the world. wiki/ Montreal

THERE is no more beau-tiful city on the continent of America than the commercial metropolis of the Dominion of Canada. The geographical features of the place at once suggest a city. Ocean-going steamers can navigate the river St. Lawrence no farther inland, but here, where insuperable difficulties stop navigation, nature has made it possible for human skill to produce a magnificent harbour. Lying between the river and Mount Royal, rarely has it been the good fortune of any city to have so fine a background. The flat part, situated at the base by the river side, makes it easy for business; the sloping sides of the mountain are intended, perhaps, to meet the modern idea that prosperity shall build in the west end, and abundance in some overlooking heights. That which was natural happened; the city has extended westward and along the mountain side — that is to say, wealth used its undoubted right to erect its dwelling-places up the river where the water is clear, and up the mountain where the air is pure.

Reaching the city by way of the St. Lawrence, the eye rests upon a scene of rare beauty ; three miles of river frontage turned into wharves ; shipping of every kind and description, from the enormous steamship to the tiny pleasure yacht ; back of that, long lines of warehouses; then, great public and private buildings, church spires and towers asserting their right to be higher than all other structures, and thus bid the busy world pause at times and look up. But the finest view of the city can be had from the mountain...

Montreal abounds with striking contrasts. The city is comparatively small — less than one hundred and fifty thousand inhabitants—as what was called "the census" has declared. It has had only one or two hundred years of history; and yet everything is here—the antique and the modern—while hostile oddities lie cheek-by-jowl on every hand. Here are frame houses, some of them scarcely better than an Irishman's hovel on his native bog, and ignorance and squalour and dirt ; close at hand are great streets of great houses, all of finest stone. Here are thousands of French who cannot speak one word of English, and thousands of English who cannot speak one word of French. Unthrift and thrift come along the same thoroughfares. Some are content with a bare existence and some are not content with colossal fortunes. In social life we have the old French families with their Old World refinement
pressed upon and almost pushed out of existence by the loud manners of the nouveaux riches...

We have the same striking contrasts in the appearance of the people on the streets. Here are unmistakable descendants of the ancient Iroquois Indians; at a turn we come upon a company who, by their dress and talk, take us back to the peasant classes of older France ; while crowding everywhere are ladies and gentlemen of the most approved modern type, according to the fashions of London, Paris, and New York...

Lucius O'Brien - Picturesque Canada (1882–84), Pages 104-106

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History / News

1535 - October 2 - Jacques Cartier
visits the Iroquois town of Hochelaga; legend says he proclaimed "What a royal mountain," ("Quel Mont Royal (Mont Réal!)"; visits rapids at the head of navigation and calls them La Chine (China); local natives tell him of rapids and rivers to the west, and of mines of gold and copper; a priest blesses the Indian sick. todayincanadianhistory/ index.php/ October_2

1635 - Jean de Lauzon becomes the owner of the Island of Montreal.

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History

1636 - The Island Where There Was a Village
The Island of Mont Real is still being used as a temporary camp and the Savages called the place 'The Island Where There Was a Village'. The Savages like Trois Rivieres better than Kebec, they stop there oftener, and in greater numbers. public/ dgarneau/ french11.htm

1642 - Fort Maisonneuve
Fort Maisonneuve (Montreal) is established by (I)-Paul de Maisonneuve (1612-1676) at Point Calliere near the ancient site of Hochelaga. public/dgarneau/french13.htm

The Algonquin Joseph Oumasasikweie and his wife, Mitigoukwe (later Jeanne) are the first Indians to be baptized and married with full church rites at Ville-M... Read MORE...

1643 - Ville-Marie (Montreal) had grown from 50 people to 70 people by this year. public/ dgarneau/ french13.htm

1644 - Iroquois attack Montreal on March 16

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History

1645 - Treaty with the Iroquois. The peace is broken a few months later. (Montreal)

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History

1646 to 1653 - War with the Iroquois (Montreal)

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History

1648 - Adrienne Du Vivier arrives; she and her husband, Augustin Hébert, are often referred to as "Montreal's First Citizens."

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History

1650 to 1653 - 50 men held Fort Montreal
Only 50 men held Fort Montreal. Between 1650 and 1653, 32 French settlers were killed by the Iroquois and 22 were captured. The Iroquois made such ravages in New France that many settlers believed they should go back to France. a-history-of-french-canada-1650-to-1669/

1650 - Montreal Status Report
The wheat crop this year was excellent especially at Montreal. The Iroquois had driven most of the Savages from Montreal and only 50 French remained. Most French were surprised that Montreal had not fallen to the Iroquois continuous assaults. Three Rivers has also been continually assaulted and a number of times was in fear of falling. a-history-of-french-canada-1650-to-1669/

1651 - On July 26, 200 Iroquois attack the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal.

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History

1652 - Montreal
Fifty miles beyond is the Great Island of Mont Reale, 180 miles distant from Kebec, which was formerly thickly in habited by Barbarians, while now they are very few. There is a fort of the French, with some families, who are founding the third colony. This island is about one hundred miles in circumference; and there the two branches unite which ... Read MORE...

1653 - Congregation of Notre Dame founded in Montreal

Wikipedia - Timeline of Montreal History

1653 - Life in Montreal
The Jesuit vision of the Mountain of Montreal is a mission to convert the Natives and stop French exploration and free trading. This objective failed, and one hundred new settlers arrived this year, being the only significant expansion since its creation. The French population of New France is estimated at 2,000 persons. To test the weak and fum... Read MORE...

18th March, 1658 - Right to Bear Arms in Montreal
By-law permitting the inhabitants of Villemarie to provide themselves with guns and ammunition, to defend themselves against the Iroquois, to work in safe places, and to retire to their houses at the sound of the bell. — Further, authority to fish and hunt at certain limited distances, and an express prohibition to sell arms and ammunition to the I... Read MORE...

9th July, 1658 - Forbidding the Sale of Liquor to Indians (Montreal)
Renewed orders, forbidding the sale of liquor to the Indians, under pain of confiscation and a fine to be paid to the Villemarie church.
Sessional Papers: Volume 24, Issue 2 Quebec Province Legislature January 1, 1890

1659 - New Laws (Montreal)
18th January, 1659. — By-law to put an end to riots and desertions arising from drunkenness and strict orders to the Officers of Justice to enforce it.

5th April, 1659. — Order prohibiting fishing or hunting, except at a certain distance of the houses on account of danger from the Iroquois.
Sessional Papers: Volume 24, Issue 2 Quebec Province Legislature January 1, 1890

20th September 1662. — Firing guns during the night, or going out after retreat, prohibited. (Montreal)

Sessional Papers: Volume 24, Issue 2 Quebec Province Legislature January 1, 1890

1669 - Respecting the Divine (Montreal)
2nd April, 1669. — Ordinance of the King prohibiting inn-keepers from furnishing the people of the town with food or drink during the hours of divine service, under penalty of a fine for the first offence, and of imprisonment for the second.
Sessional Papers: Volume 24, Issue 2 Quebec Province Legislature January 1, 1890

7th March 1670 — Ordinance instructing the inhabitants of Montreal to mark their sacks and bags when they bring them to the mill.

Sessional Papers: Volume 24, Issue 2 Quebec Province Legislature January 1, 1890

1678 - Basilique Notre-Dame-de-Montréal established at Montréal

1697 - The English and French make peace.
The Jesuit joined the Ville-Marie (Montreal) merchants to persuade the French Government to dismantle its Forts on the upper Great Lakes. The merchants are concerned about an over supply of furs, and the Jesuit hoped to curtail the activities of the Coureurs des Bois.

The English and French make peace. public/dgarneau/french25.htm

1698 - October 14 - New France census shows: 639 houses in Montreal, 1,185 inhabitants todayincanadianhistory/ index.php/ October_14

1700 - Ville-Marie is renamed Montreal.

Canada 1701 - 39 First Nation tribes, French Colonial Government signed Great Peace of Montreal webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ pqztimeln.htm

1706 - Life in Montreal
The Montreal farmer's market opened this year, and farmers are forced to first to bring their produce to the market before selling it door to door. The grain trade, however, took place in the country. The sale of liquor on Sunday is prohibited because of a complaint by Father Gauthier of Beaupre, Quebec. Two inhabitants were drunk during service... Read MORE...

1732 - September 16 - Earthquake Near Montreal, QC. Widely felt. About 300 houses damaged in the city. No injuries. pdf/ 10/ ESS/ NRCEarthquakes/ Timeline_Earthquakes_list.pdf

1734 - A terrible fire in Montréal destroys 46 houses an an old historical church.
A young black slave called Marie-Joseph-Angélique is found guilty of lighting the blaze and is hanged. After this disaster, the intendant Bégon orders that all houses will from now on be built of stones.

1741 - "Montreal, of 506 households surveyed, nearly 60% declared they did not know how to write their name." public/ dgarneau/ french33.htm

1750 - The inhabitants of Montreal...
J.C.B. in the Great Lakes wrote: The inhabitants of Montreal are much more lively, active, courageous, passionate, enterprising and warlike than those of Quebec; They pretend to be invincible, which has not always kept them from being surprised by the Iroquois. However, they are good warriors, used to the ways of the Natives and they are hard to... Read MORE...

1786 - The Molson Brewery was formed in Montreal in 1786. It is the second oldest company in Canada after the Hudson's Bay Company

Click here to go to

1830 - Port of Montreal created webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ pqztimeln.htm

1832 - June - Immigrants with Cholera land at Quebec. By September the disease will kill 4,000 in Montreal. timeline.asp

1832 - Rioting broke out during by-election in Montreal, British soldiers opened fire, three killed webimage/ countrys/ namerica/ province/ pqztimeln.htm

1832 - MONTREAL,
island, seigniory and county. - Montreal is the most considerable island in the province, and its superior fertility has acquired for it the distinguished appellation of the Garden of Canada. This island is divided into 9 parishes besides that of the town of Montreal. Its extreme length is 32 miles and its breadth 10 1/2, containing 194 square miles... The county comprises the whole of the Island of Montreal, together will all the nearest islands which, in the whole or in part, lie in front of it. It is divided into several seigniories which are in the following parishes: Montreal, Ste. Anne, Ste. Genevieve, Pointe Claire, Lachine, Sault des Recollets, St. Laurent, Riviere des Prairies, Pointe aux Trembles and Longue Pointe. It sends 6 members to the provincial parliament, and the places of election are, at St. Laurent for the county which sends 2 members, and at Montreal which sends 4 members for the city...

Population 23855
Churches, Pro. 2
Churches, R.C. 5
Cures 1
Presbyteries 1
Convents 5
Colleges 3
Schools 6
Tanneries 3
Shopkeepers 240
Taverns 221
Artisans 1365
A Topographical Dictionary of The Province of Lower Canada by Joseph Bouchette, Esq., London, 1832

News 1851 - December 9 – The first YMCA in North America is established in Montreal, Quebec.

Click here to go to
December 9, 1851

Montreal, Monday, June 7.
We were yesterday visited with a most destructive conflagration, which has laid in ashes a considerable number of buildings in the business part of our city. It commenced at 6 o'clock A.M., at the corner of St. Peter and Lemoyne streets, in the carpenter shop of J. MARTIN, which, together with his residence, was quickly c... Read MORE...

1856 - The Grand Trunk Railway opens its Toronto-Montréal line. timeline.asp

MONTREAL, an island of Lower Canada, at the confluence of the Grand Ottawa river with the St. Lawrence, 580 m. from the mouth of the latter river. It is of a triangular shape, 32 m. long, by from 5 to 10 1/2 m. broad. The Riveres-des-Prairies separates it on the NW from Isle Jesus, which is 21 m. long, and 6 m. wide, and is connected with it by a wooden bridge. The island forms the county of M., and is divided into the 9 parishes of St. Ann, St. Genevieve, Pointe-Claire, La Chine, Sault-au-Recollet, St. Laurent, Rivieres-des-Prairies, Pointe-aux-Trembles, and Longue Pointe...

A Gazetteer of the World: Or, Dictionary of Geographical Knowledge, Volume 5
Publisher A. Fullarton, 1859

1866 - St. Patrick’s Basilica established at Montréal

News 1871 - A girl of sixteen, near Montreal, recently took arsenic to whiten her complexion. None could question her success as she lay in her coffin the following day.

St Joseph Herald
Saint Joseph, Michigan
January 7, 1871

News 1873 - THE MONTREAL HOTEL FIRE. Terrible Scenes Among the Boarders and Servants - A Woman Hangs to a Window-Frame for Half and Hour - Two Lives Lost.
The Montreal papers come filled with details of the terrible scenes connected with the partial destruction of the St. James Hotel, in that city, by fire, on Monday night. The hotel was a five story structure, and it was with extreme difficulty that the firemen were able to drag their hose up the stairs to the fourth story, where the flames first ra... Read MORE...

1873 - Accident on the Grand Trunk
Friday morning, at 5:30 o'clock, as the Portland express on the Grand Trunk Railway was passing the 27th mile post, near Soixante, the three last cars, a Pullman and two others, left the track from spreading of the rails, broke the coupling and rolled down the embankment over 30 feet high. Thirty-two persons more or less injured were brought to Mon... Read MORE...

MONTREAL, a city of the province of Quebec, the commercial metropolis of the Dominion of Canada, situated on the S. side of the Island of Montreal, in the St. Lawrence river (here above 2 miles wide), 180 miles S.W. of Quebec, 620 miles from the sea, 420 miles N. of New York. Lat. 45° 31' N , lon. 73° 34' W. It is at the head of ocean navigation, and at the commencement of lake and river navigation ; and has railway communication with the chief cities and towns in the Dominion of Canada and the United States.

The Island of Montreal, on which the town is built, is situated at the confluence of the Ottawa with the St. Lawrence. It is 32 miles long by about 10 miles broad at the widest part, generally level with the exception of the mountain which rises N.W. of the city. The soil is for the most part fertile and well cultivated, and is watered by numerous small streams, and the climate particularly favorable for the growth of nearly every kind of grain, fruit and vegetable.

Montreal occupies a low tract of land about 2 miles wide between a consider-able and very beautiful elevation called "Mount Royal," and the river. It is divided into 9 wards, and has over 200 miles of streets and lanes. Some of the streets are narrow and ill paved but the majority will compare favorably with those of any other city on this continent. The principal streets have largo well built edifices, constructed chiefly of limestone quarried near the city. These buildings, combined with the effect of the lofty towers and spires, gives the city a very imposing appearance when viewed from a distance, Notre Dame is the main street running on the centre of the ridge on which the city is built, but St. James street is wider and more elegant. The chief business streets are St. Paul, Not e Dame, St. Lawrence, McGill, St. Joseph and Craig.

The city is well supplied with water and gas.

The principal public buildings are the City Hall, Court House, Post Office, Custom House, Seminary of St. Sulpice, Convent of Notre Dame, General Hospital, Grey Nunnery, Montreal College, McGill University, St. Mary's College, Young Men's Christian Association Building, Theatre Royal, Dominion Theatre, Medical School, Victoria Skating Rink, Protesta it House of Industry and Refuge, St. Bridgit's House of Refuge, Protestant Orphan Asylum, St. Patrick's Orphan Asylum, Deaf and Dumb Asylums (Protestant and Catholic), the Hotel Dieu, Ladies Benevolent Institution, Female Home, Protestant Infants Home, Queen's Hall, Mechanics Hall, Barracks, Drill Shed, Sailors Institute, St. George's Home, St. Andrew's Home, St. James Club, Crystal Pal ice, Montreal Telegraph Office, &c, and 8 markets, including the Bonsecours, a magnificent pile with a lofty dome, fronting the river. There are also a Society of Natural History, a Mechanics

Institute, a Canadian Institute, Mer-chants Exchange, Mercantile Library, Hoard of Trade, Cora Exchange, &c, and 58 churches viz: Church of Eng-land 12; Church of Rome 18; Church of Scotland 6; Presbyterian 5; Wesleyan Methodist 6; New Connexion Methodist 1; Baptist 3; Congregational 2; American Presbyterian 1; Unitarian 1; German Protestant 1; French Evangelical 1: Swedenborgian 1; and 2 Synagogues. The Cathedral of Notre Dame is capable of containing from 10/00 to 12,000 persons It is 255 feet long and 145 feet broad, with two towers 220 feet in height In the N.E. tower is a fine chime of bells, and in the N W is a bell weighing 3,000 tons. Christ Church Cathedral is the most perfect specimen of gothic architecture in America. It is built of Montreal limestone with Caen stone dressings, obtained from Normandy. The Church of the Gesu, a very imposing edifice, is 230 feet long and 102 feet wide, with a transept 152 long, and will accommodate over 4,530 persons. The walls and ceiling of the interior are beautifully frescoed. Another magnificent pile slowly being constructed is the Roman Catholic Bishop's Church, St. Peter's It is after a model of its namesake in Rome, and will be one of the finest ecclesiastical edifices on this continent. Trinity, St. George, St. Andrew, St Paul, and the majority of the other churches are all exceedingly handsome edifices and add much to the beauty of the city.

The largest banking houses in the Dominion have their head offices in Montreal, are mostly situated in Place d'Armes and St. James street, and consist of very handsome and costly structures.

The harbor of Montreal, which is formed towards the St. Lawrence, is secure, and the quays are unsurpassed by those of any city in America; built of limestone, and uniting with the locks and cut stone wharves of the Lacbine Canal, they present, for several miles, a display of continuous masonry which h is few parallels. No unsightly warehouses disfigure the river side. A broad terrace, faced with grey limestone, the parapets of which are surmounted with a substantial iron railing, divides the city from the river throughout its whole extent. Improvements in the harbor (which is controlled by Commissioners) are yearly being made to accommodate the large increase of shipping.

The following table shows the number and tonnage of ocean vessels which arrived at Montreal during the past ten years, viz :

Vessels Tons
1863 504 269,224
1864 378 161,911
1865 358 152,943
1866 516 205,775
1867 404 199,053
1868 478 198,759
1869 557 259,863
1870 680 316,846
1871 664 353,621
1872 872 696,795
The duties have increased from $1,913,440 in 1354 to $5,358,701 in 1872; and the value of imports was respectively $18,729,612 in 1854, and 240,088,665 in 1872. The value of exports in the latter year was $18,171,384.

The value of the principal articles imported in 1872 was:

Cottons $4,064,478
Fancy Goods 978,479
Iron and Hardware 3,416,127
Linen 649,250
Silks 1,139,157
Sugar 2,077,230
Tea 1,095,564
Woolens 5,420,559
Liquors— Brandy 199,429
Gin 98,296
Rum 16,170
Whiskey 22,756
Wine 329,331
Besides these, the more important articles imported were dried fruits, cigars, tobacco, oils, glass, molasses, spices, jeweler, leather, hosiery, hats,

Among the manufactories of Montreal are foundries of cast iron, distilleries, breweries, sugar refineries, soap and candle works, manufactories of hardware (including excellent cutlery), carriages and sleighs, com brooms, wooden wane of every description, glass, paints and drugs, edge tools, locomotives, steam engines, boilers, India rubber goods, printing presses, agricultural implements, musical instruments, paper, rope, sewing machines, types, pins, tobacco, woolen and cotton goods, boot and shoes, &c . &c. There are besides, saw and flouring mills, rolling mills, lead works, brass foundries, and many other industrial establishments.

Montreal is the seat of the Grand Trunk railway. The head offices and chief works are at Point St. Charles, a suburb in the western part of the city. The Victoria Bridge here spans the River St. Lawrence. The first stone of this great masterpiece of Stephenson was laid July 20th, 1854, and the first train crossed over it Dec. 19th, 1859. It is 9,184 lineal feet in length— 24 spans of 242 feet each and one (the centre, 60 feet above the river,) of 330 feet. The bridge cost nearly $7,000,000.

In 1873 there were in Montreal 58 churches (already enumerated) and 2 synagogues; 9 fire stations, 20 banks, 4 savings banks, about 40 assurance and insurance agencies, 3 medical schools, 2 general hospitals, an asylum for aged and infirm women, 3 orphan asylums, a lying in hospital, 2 magdalene asylums, a dispensary, a ladies benevolent society, 2 houses of refuge, an infants home, a newsboys home, and a number of institutions under charge of Sisters of Charity. There, were published in the same year 7 daily, 4 tri-weekly, 17 weekly, 1 fortnightly, and 15 monthly newspapers and periodicals ; besides other religious and scientific journals.

The educational means of the city comprise a University with faculties of law, art, science, and medicine, open to persons of all religious denominations ; a Roman Catholic Theological College, a Jesuit College, a High School, two Normal Schools, several classical and scientific academics, and a number of private and public schools; also two affiliated medical colleges, one to Bishop's College, Lennoxville, the other to Victoria College, Cobourg.

Montreal returns 3 members to the House of Commons and 3 to the Provincial Legislature. It is the seat of the Sec of the Metropolitan Bishop of Canada, and of the See of the Roman Catholic Bishop of Montreal. The climate in summer is hot, often reaching 90 in the shade ; and the winters are severe, the temperature ranging very often from zero to 10 and even 3u J below it. Pop. in 1844,44,093; 1851, 37,715; 1861, 90,323 ; and in 1871, 107,225 — composed chiefly of French Canadians, English, Irish and Scotch.

The following table shows the various religious denominations in Montreal in 1871:

Roman Catholics 77,930
Church of England 11,573
Presbyterians 9,104
Methodists 4,503
Baptists 928
Congregationalists 891
Unitarians 474
Jews 409
Lutherans 254
Brethren 149
Christian Conference 20
Evangelical Association 22
Universalists 30
Swedenborgians 18
Quakers 14
Irvingites 13
No religious belief 13
Not given 48
Other Denominations 782

The history of Montreal dates back to the 3rd of October, 1535, when Jacques Carrier first landed on its shores. An Indian village called Hochelaga existed lure at this time. The way to it was through large fields of Indian corn. Its outline was circular; and it was encompassed by three separate rows of palisades, or rather picket fences, one within the other, well secured and put together. A single entrance was left in this rude fortification, but guarded with pikes and stakes and every precaution taken against siege or attack. The cabins or lodges of the inhabitants, about 50 in number, were constructed in the form of a tunnel each 50 feet in length by 15 in breadth. They were formed of wood covered with bark. Above the doors of these houses as well as along the outer rows of palisades ran a gallery ascended by ladders, where stones end other missiles were laid in order for the defense of the place. Each house contained several chambers, and the whole were so arranged as to enclose an open court yard, where the fire was made Carder named the place Mount Royal. It first began to be settled by Europeans in 1542, a d exactly one century after the spot destined for the city was consecrated with due solemnities, commended to the "Queen of the Angels,' and called Ville Marie, a. name which it retained for a long period. In 1760 it was taken by the English. At this time it was a a well peopled town of an oblong form, surrounded by a wall flanked with eleven redoubts — a ditch about 8 feet deep and a proportionable width, but dry, and a fort and citadel, the batteries of which commanded the streets of the town from one end to the other. The town was at this time divided into upper and lower town, the upper town being the level of the present Court Horse In the lower town the merchants and men of business generally resided and here were situated the royal magazines, the armory, and the nunnery hospital. In the upper town were the principal buildings, such as the palace of the Governor, the houses of the chief officers, the Convent of the Recollets, the Jesuit's Church and Seminary, the Free School, and the Parish Church. the houses were solidly constructed in that semi-monastic style peculiar to Rouen, Caen and other towns in Normandy. Early in the present century vessels of more than 300 tons could not ascend to Montreal, and its foreign trade was carried on by small brigs and barges. In 1809 the first steam vessel, "The Accommodation," built by the lion. John Molson, made a trip to Quebec; she had berths for about 20 passengers. Years of industry, intlligence enterprise and labor have produced a mighty contrast — Ocean steamers of 4,000 tons, the magnificent floating palaces of the Richelieu Company, and ships from 700 to 2,000 tons, from all parts of the world, now lay along side the wharves of the harbor, which are not equal on this continent, in point of extent, accommodation, approach and cleanliness. In 1832 the cholera raged in Montreal with great violence carrying of 1,843 inhabitants in a population of little mote than 30,000 In April, 1849, a political mob burned the Parliamentary buildings (which were situated on the site of the Si. Ann's market , and the seat of Government was in consequence removed to Quebec, subsequently lo Toronto, and finally to Ottawa In July, 1852, a destructive fire laid waste a large part of the city, burning 1,108 houses and destroying property valued at $1,363,264 In 1800, the city was visited by the Prince of Wales; in 1862 by the Duke of Edinburgh: and in l869 Prince Arthur made it his residence for several months The Hotel Dieu was founded in 1644 by Madame de Bouillon, and six years afterwards the Convent of Noire Dame was founded by Mademoiselle Marguerrite de Bourgeois. In 1663, the Company of Montreal was dissolved, they having already sold their rights to the religions order of St. Sulpice at Pans, by whom was founded the Seminary belonging to that order, and still exiting in the city. The two oldest churches in Montreal are the Bonsecours (Roman Catholic) and St. Gabriel (Church of Scotland). Tho former was erected in 1658; was burnt in 1764, but rebuilt in 1771. The latter was built in 1791 Montreal is surrounded by villages whose population numbers over 20,000.
Lovell's gazetteer of British North America; J. Lovell; Montreal, 1873

News March 3, 1875: First organized ice hockey match, Montreal, Canada

The Old Farmer's Almanac
March 3, 1875

1879 - The Montreal Panic Over
MONTREAL - August 11. - The banking scare has entirely disappeared to-day and confidence has returned. The feeling on the stock exchange has vastly improved and stocks have advanced all around.
The Times
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
August 12, 1879

News 1886 - Montreal Fire
MONTREAL, Quebec, March 10 - The largest fire in Montreal for a long time occurred this afternoon, and destroyed the business places of the following firms:
Soune & Leroy; E. Leichtenheimer; Park Brothers & Co.; the Diamond Steel Works; Bacon Brothers, manufacturers' agents... Read MORE...

1888 - Blizzard - MONTREAL, Canada, Nov. 27. - One of the most severe storms of snow and wind known here for years broke over this province and Ontario Sunday evening and still continues.
The wind at times blew as hard as seventy miles per hour. The streets and surrounding country are covered with snow drifts, ten feet deep in places, and the most severe cold prevails. The horse car lines are stopped...
The Fort Wayne Sentinel
Fort Wayne, Indiana
Tuesday, November 27, 1888

1892 - Montréal has electric streetcars for the first time

Considerable Alarm Felt in Montreal, Particularly in the Narrow Streets - Buildings Tremble and the Inmates Flee in Fright - Residents of Malone Greatly Excited - Reached Over Into New-Hampshire and Massachusetts.

BURLINGTON, Vt., Nov. 27.- A severe earthquake shock shook the buildings throughout t... Read MORE...

1894 - Montreal's Financial Straits
MONTREAL, Quebec, Oct 30. - Owing to the bad state of the finances of the city, the Board of Aldermen has recommended that all properties now exempt from taxation be taxed on-half their assessed value... There will be a tremendous outcry should this arrangement be adopted by the City Council, but the Aldermen say that they see not other way to rais... Read MORE...

1897 - HEAVY EARTHQUAKE SHOCK. City of Montreal Shaken and Other Places Felt the Vibration.
A heavy shock of earthquake shook the center of the city of Montreal last evening and caused great consternation. Large buildings shook like reeds and there was a general rush of the inmates for the doors. So far no damage has been reported. Dispatches from various points in the province and from eastern Ontario report similar shocks, but without a... Read MORE...

"And then go to my inn, and dine." (Shakespeare)

In former lines the most fashionable hotel in the city was Rasco's. It still stands at the east end of St. Paul Street opposite Bonsecours Market, and was built on, or near, the site of the ancient palace of Mr. de Vaudreuil, Governor of Canada under the French régime. It contained two extensive s... Read MORE...

1902 - A Massachusetts Man's Big Luck - Gate Tender on a Railroad to Get a Large Slice.
The Times Special Service.
WORCESTER, Mass., Saturday, June 7. - Family records expected daily from the parish priest at Lanoraie in Quebec are expected to establish the claim of Joseph A. Demars, a gate tender of the Boston & Albany Railroad to a share of the $8,000,000 which has been in possession of the city authorities of Cleveland, O., since ... Read MORE...

1904 - Basilique-Cathédrale Marie-Reine-du-Monde et St-Jacques established in Montréal

Manager of Manufacturing Plant Suffocated in Business Block Blaze.

MONTREAL, Feb. 13, - One man was burned to death to-day in a fire which followed and explosion in a building at Craig and St. Antonie Streets. The fire started in the basement occupied by the J. W. Hughes Plumbing Company. Three or four girls were overcome by smoke and one was se... Read MORE...

1922 - Montréal radio station CKAC begins broadcasting, the first radio station in Quebec.


Montreal, June 17. - (UP) - A series of explosions on the British Oil tanker Cymbeline today killed upwards of 21 men and caused property damage of more than a million dollars.

For several hours after the explosions fires burned hot at t... Read MORE...

1959 - Tramways stop running in Montréal

News April 27, 1967: Expo '67 was officially opened in Montreal, Quebec, by Canadian Prime Minister Lester Pearson

The Old Farmer's Almanac
April 27, 1967

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Cemeteries in Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal)

Cimetiere Notre-Dame-des-Neiges

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