Lynn, Essex, Massachusetts, USA
Washington Square showing Oxford and Women's Clubs, Lynn, Mass.
Lynn, Essex, Massachusetts, USA
People, Pictures and News From the Past
Leather tanning became a major industry very early on and by 1775 there were a string of tanneries along Black Marsh Brook, called Tanney Brook, to the harbor. When the Eastern Railroad was extended from Boston to Salem in 1837, it went through Lynn, encouraging growth in the shoe industry and a factory district was created as well as shoe workers' neighborhoods of boardinghouses. The Civil War brought great prosperity to the city and further growth of the shoe factories. Even the fires of 1869 and 1889, which destroyed much of the central business district from Central Square to Broad Street, didn't stop expansion. The gutted buildings were simply replaced by five and six story shoe factories.
While Lynn developed its major industrial capacity, handsome summer estates were being built along its shore by the middle of the 19th century. These established the city as a fashionable Boston resort area. At least a dozen large shore estates were built and other land was subdivided for increasingly suburban residential development. When Lynn Shore Drive was opened in 1910, it encouraged the development of high rises to take advantage of the shore view.
Lynn, now the largest city in Essex County, is an urban manufacturing and commercial center, densely populated and culturally diverse. Residents are proud of the city's long history, which parallels the history of New England as a whole.
It is located in eastern Massachusetts on the northern shore of Massachusetts Bay and is bordered by Saugus and Lynnfield on the west, Peabody and Salem on the north, Swampscott and the Atlantic Ocean on the east, and Nahant and Revere on the south. Lynn is 9 miles north of Boston; 51 miles east of Worcester; 95 miles south of Portland, Maine; and 229 miles from New York City.
Narrative compiled by the Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development. www.ci.lynn.ma.us/ aboutlynn_history.shtml
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1629 - Lynn founded
1860 - February 22 – Shoe-making workers of Lynn, Massachusetts, strike successfully for higher wages. The strike spreads throughout New England and eventually involves 20,000 workers.
February 22, 1860
1885 - May 19 - 1st mass production of shoes (Jan Matzeliger in Lynn, Massachusetts)
1889 - Accidentally Shot Dead
LYNN, Mass., Nov. 27. - William F. Sartelle, of Worcester, Massachusetts, a performer in a dime museum here, was shot dead last night. He was performing a trick with a rifle, which he apparently loads with leaden bullets, and then requests some one to shoot at him, appearing to catch the bullet in his mouth. This time he failed to substitute a pasteboard bullet, and William Flannagan, who fired the gun, shot Sartelle dead.
Tyrone Daily Herald
November 30, 1889
1889 - $10,000,000 FIRE! A CITY GOES UP IN FLAMES. Lynn, Mass. Desolated. - Boston Subscribes Nearly a Million Dollars For the Sufferers.
Lynn, Mass, the city of shoes, was visited Tuesday afternoon by the greatest fire in its history and with two exceptions the conflagration is the most disastrous which ever visited New England. The exceptions are the great Boston fire of 1872, which destroyed between three and four hundred millions of dollars worth of property, and the Portland fire of 1866, which caused a loss of between ten and twelve millions. The fire started at 11.55 A. M. and raged over eight hours
DEVASTATING A SQUARE ... Read MORE...
1899 - SEIZED BY A LEOPARD. Lynn Boy Goes too Near the Cages at the Circus.
The next time the Forepaugh-Sells Brothers circus visits Lynn, Mass., Frank Ducey, a 10 year old boy, will not be so much interested in getting a near view of the leopard.
Frank was gazing at the animal when it sunk his sharp claws into the boy's face, and when the keeper sprang to the cage the leopard had both front paws through the bars and was holding the boy's head fast. The animal was struck several tremendous blows over the head before he released his hold on the boy, the latter all the... Read MORE...
1903 - NOT KNOWN HERE. Railroad Man Killed At Lynn Said To Belong In Portsmouth.
A Lynn dispatch of the 18th stated that a man named Moorehouse, an employe of the milk train, with his home at Portsmouth, was fatally injured on Thursday evening and later died at the Lynn hospital.
It stated that his family had been notified and the body would be sent to this city.
There is not such name as Moorehouse in the Portsmouth directory, and no one here seems to know anyone of that name.
At the depot they did not know of any man named Moorehouse who is employed on the cars. Read MORE...
1910 - AGED WOMAN BURNED TO DEATH AT LYNN
Lynn, Feb. 9. - While working around her kitchen range today the clothing of Mrs. Mary S. Coombs caught fire and before her niece, who heard her cries for help, could extinguish the flames, she had received burns which resulted in her death an hour later, Mrs. Coombs was 81 years of age.
The Boston Journal
February 10, 1910
1923 - FIVE PERSONS DIE IN APARTMENT FIRE. TEN REPORTED MISSING WHEN ESSEX CASTLE HOUSE IS CONSUMED.
Lynn, Mass., April 19. - Five persons are known to have been killed, and ten are reported missing, in a fire in the Essex Castle Apartment House here.
FRANK TOZIER, 42.
GEORGE PHILPOT, 32.
MRS. ANTOINETTE HANLOU.
MISS MARGARET NUTTER.
Police believe the persons unaccounted for probably escaped and took refuge in neighboring houses. They are searching the ruins for bodies, however.
The fire started on the second floor near the elevator shaf... Read MORE...