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Filles du Roi (King's Daughters)


Between 1663 and 1673, 768 Filles du Roi or "King’s Daughters" emigrated to New France under the sponsorship of the French government as part of the overall strategy of strengthening the colony until it could stand on its own without economic and military dependence on France.

In 1663, the King took over direct control of the government of New France and initiated an organized system of recruiting and transporting marriageable women to the colony. On September 22, 1663, thirty-six girls –the first group of Filles du Roi– arrived in Québec.

The recruiting of Filles du Roi took place largely in Paris, Rouen and other northern cities by merchants and ship outfitters. A screening process required each girl to present her birth certificate and a recommendation from her parish priest or local magistrate stating that she was free to marry. It was necessary that the girls be of appropriate age for giving birth and that "they be healthy and strong for country work, or that they at least have some aptitude for household chores."

The cost of sending each Fille du Roi to New France was 100 livres: 10 for the recruitment, 30 for clothing and 60 for the crossing itself. Upon arrival, the Filles received suitable clothing and some provisions.

All of the Filles du Roi first landed at Québec City where 560 remained, with 133 being sent to Montréal and 75 to Trois-Rivières.

When selecting a Fille du Roi, the suitor looked beyond outward appearances and considered the practical attributes of a bride that would be adapted or disposed to the rigors of the colony. The preference seems to have been for peasant girls because they were healthy and industrious, as opposed to city girls who were often considered lightheaded and lazy.

Every Fille du Roi had the right to refuse any marriage offer that was presented. In order to make an informed decision to accept a would-be husband, the girls asked questions about the suitor’s home, finances, land and profession. Having a home of one’s own was one of the most important considerations for a Fille du Roi.

In addition to any dowry of goods that the bride may have brought with her from France, each couple was given an assortment of livestock and goods to start them off in married life: a pair of chickens and pigs, an ox, a cow and two barrels of salted meat. The King’s Gift of 50 livres is believed to have been a customary addition to the dowry, but only 250 out of 606 known marriage contracts make reference to an additional dowry given by the King. Once married, there was an incentive to have large families. A yearly pension of 300 livres was granted to families with ten children, rising to 400 livres for 12 children and more for larger families.

In September 1673 the last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years since the program had begun.

Source: Peter J. Gagné, King’s Daughters and Founding Mothers: The Filles du Roi, 1663-1673, (Pawtucket, RI: Quinton Publications, 2001)




Histoire du Québec 6 - Les Filles du Roi (in French) (www.youtube.com)


P
Catherine Poisson (abt. 1654, Paris, France - , , Québec Province, Canada (Quebec))
Catherine Poitevin (1641, Paris, France - , )
Anne Poitreau (Poitraud) (abt. 1657, , France - 22 April 1696, Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada (Bourg Royal) (Saint-Charles-Borromée))
Anne Poitron (1 July 1646, , France - 13 June 1713, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Marie-Anne Poussin (1642, Paris, France - 23 January 1708, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))
Claude Pratte (1640, , France - 21 August 1712, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Marie Prevost (abt. 1651, , France - 19 February 1711, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))
Marie Priault (Briault) (abt. 1649, , France - 25 February 1699, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Marie-Marguerite Provost (1655, , France - 20 February 1732, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Elisabeth Provost (Prevost) (abt. 1646, Rouen, France - 4 January 1722, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada )
Marie-Madeleine Prunier (3 January 1639, , France - 10 April 1689, Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation))

Q
Jeanne Quelvé (27 April 1652, , France - 1 April 1721, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))
Marthe Quitel (1630, Rouen, France - 26 December 1722, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer))

R
Anne Rabady (abt. 1654, , France - 4 September 1747, Batiscan, Québec, Canada (Sainte-Geneviève-de-Batiscan) (Saint-François-Xavier))
Florimonde Rableau (abt. 1644, , France - 13 August 1671, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))
Françoise Raclos (abt. 1653, Paris, France - 25 November 1723, Pointe-Claire, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Saint-Joachim-de-la-Pointe-Claire))
Madeleine Raclos (8 January 1656, Chaumont-en-Bassigny, France - 8 July 1724, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada )
Marie Raclos (abt. 1651, Paris, France - 26 January 1697, Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation))
Marthe Ragau (Ragot) (abt. 1629, , France - 22 March 1693, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))
Jeanne Raimbault (abt. 1645, Poitiers, France - , )
Marguerite Raisin (1651, , France - 21 November 1700, La Prairie, Québec, Canada (St-Philippe) (St-Jean-François-Régis))
Andree Remondiere (abt. 1651, , France - 21 November 1702, Saint-Pierre-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)
Marie Remy (1646, Paris, France - 11 November 1675, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Jeanne Renard dite Lecointe (abt. 1652, Rouen, France - 1716, , Québec Province, Canada (Quebec))
Elisabeth Renaud (abt. 1652, , France - bef. 30 May 1697, Sorel, Québec, Canada)
Marie Renaud (abt. 1637, , France - 27 February 1709, Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada (Bourg Royal) (Saint-Charles-Borromée))
Anne-Michelle Renault (Arnaud) (abt. 1651, , France - 25 December 1714, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada )
Madeleine Rentier dite Courcoul (1645, , France - 11 January 1686, Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada (Bourg Royal) (Saint-Charles-Borromée))
Marie-Anne Richard (bet. 1640-1648, Champagne, France - 19 March 1713, Boucherville, Québec, Canada (Sainte-Famille-de-Boucherville))
Anne-Françoise Richard dite Martin (abt. 1651, , France - 26 December 1719, Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures, Québec, Canada)
Georgette Richer (3 October 1644, St-Ursin de Chailly-sur-Armancon, Bourgogne, France - 24 January 1700, La Prairie, Québec, Canada (St-Philippe) (St-Jean-François-Régis))
Marguerite Richer (abt. 1650, Rouen, France - , )
Geneviève Rigaud (abt. 1643, Paris, France - 13 May 1720, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer))
Anne Rivet (1642, , France - 5 April 1675, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer))
Catherine Rivet (abt. 1645, , France - 9 June 1723, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))
Marguerite Robineau (abt. 1641, Paris, France - , )
Marie Robineau (abt. 1647, Paris, France - 7 July 1700, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))
Jeanne Rossignol (7 August 1650, , France - 22 January 1712, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))
Barbe Rotteau (Roteau) (abt. 1653, Paris, France - 25 August 1728, Ancienne Lorette, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-l'Annonciation))
Anne Rousseau (abt. 1637, , France - 8 March 1680, Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation))
Henriette Rousseau (abt. 1648, , France - bef. 9 February 1699, , Québec Province, Canada (Quebec))
Marie-Charlotte Roussel (abt. 1646, , France - 20 January 1698, , Québec Province, Canada (Quebec))
Marguerite Rousselot (abt. 1654, Champagne, France - 17 December 1687, Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada )
Anne Roy (abt. 1641, Paris, France - 26 May 1715, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))
Anne Roy (abt. 1653, , France - 12 November 1719, Cap-St-Ignace, Québec, Canada (Saint-Ignace-de-Loyola))
Catherine Roy (abt. 1654, Paris, France - 05 July 1731, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Elisabeth Roy (abt. 1645, , France - aft. 11 January 1709, Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada )
Jeanne Roy (abt. 1641, , France - 5 December 1721, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Marie Roy (abt. 1647, , France - , )

S
Geneviève Sageot (abt. 1651, , France - 30 August 1683, Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation))
Isabelle Sallé (Salé) (abt. 1651, Paris, France - 31 December 1722, Cap-Santé, Québec, Canada (Sainte-Famille-du-Cap-Sante))
Marguerite Samson (1649, , France - 24 July 1721, Sorel, Québec, Canada)
Nicole Saulnier (abt. 1651, Paris, France - 2 November 1714, Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada )
Gillette Savard (abt. 1648, Champagne, France - 16 April 1703, Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada )
Jeanne Savonnet (abt. 1647, , France - 12 March 1721, Rivière-Ouelle, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-Liesse))
Jeanne Sederay (1651, , France - 5 July 1741, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada )
Anne Seigneur (1 March 1649, Rouen, France - 4 July 1733, Chambly, Québec, Canada (Saint-Joseph-de-Chambly))
Marie Sel (Decelles) (abt. 1647, Rouen, France - 13 June 1719, Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada )
Catherine Senecal (abt. 1649, , France - bef. 23 September 1694, Batiscan, Québec, Canada (Sainte-Geneviève-de-Batiscan) (Saint-François-Xavier))
Jeanne Servignan (16 February 1646, Burgundy, France - 21 February 1683, Longueuil, Québec, Canada (Saint-Antoine-de-Longueuil))
Jeanne Sicard dite Deschamps (abt. 1650, La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France - , )
Nicole Souillard (abt. 1642, , France - 25 March 1707, La Durantaye, Québec, Canada)
Catherine Suret (1645, Paris, France - 30 October 1728 , Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada (Bourg Royal) (Saint-Charles-Borromée))

T
Anne Talbot (1 August 1651, Rouen, France - 4 August 1740, Boucherville, Québec, Canada (Sainte-Famille-de-Boucherville))
Marie Targer (22 February 1642, La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France - , , Québec Province, Canada (Quebec))
Anne Tavernier (abt. 1641, , France - 11 January 1694, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))
Martine Tavrey (1646, , France - 24 July 1713, Donnacona, Québec, Canada (Saint-Jean-Baptiste-des-Écureuils))
Jeanne Tellier (1631, , France - 25 June 1705, Sainte-Famille-de-l'île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)
Marguerite Tenard (abt. 1646, , France - , )
Geneviève Terillon dite Tessier (1653, Champagne, France - , )
Mathurine Thibault (abt. 1632, , France - , )
Anne-Jeanne Thirement (1644, Paris, France - 1 November 1679, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))
Marie-Madeleine Thivierge (abt. 1651, , France - 16 December 1700, Sainte-Famille-de-l'île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)
Anne Thomas (1646, , France - 12 April 1724, Cote St-Leonard, Quebec, Canada)
Françoise Tierce (1656, Paris, France - 20 April 1724, Berthierville, Québec, Canada (Berthier-en-Haut) (Ste-Genevieve-de-Berthier))
Madeleine Tisserand (Tisseran) (1650, , France - 13 October 1705, Saint-François-du-Lac, Québec, Canada)
Catherine Topsan (abt. 1638, Dieppe, France - 28 November 1693, Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada )
Marie-Jeanne Toussaint (abt. 1652, , France - 16 December 1708, Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation))
Jeanne Touze (17 November 1640, , France - 3 July 1726, Contrecœur, Québec, Canada (Sainte-Trinité-de-Contrecoeur))
Françoise Trochet dite Richard (abt. 1641, , France - 15 May 1706, Neuville, Portneuf, Québec, Canada (Saint-François-de-Sales))
Ursule-Madeleine Turbar (Turbal) (abt. 1649, Paris, France - 25 November 1739, Ancienne Lorette, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-l'Annonciation))

V
Marguerite Vaillant (abt. 1646, La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France - 27 November 1704, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))
Marie Valade (abt. 1644, La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France - 9 January 1719, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Perrette-Marie Vallee (1645, Champagne, France - 5 May 1676, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))
Marie Vara (abt. 1653, , France - , )
Catherine Varin (abt. 1641, , France - 27 January 1706, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Marie Varin (1644, Rouen, France - 25 March 1701, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))
Catherine Verrier (abt. 1646, , France - , )
Marguerite Viard dite Bourbier (abt. 1652, , France - 27 December 1715, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Marie Vie (abt. 1648, Paris, France - 28 July 1691, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))
Catherine Vieillot dite Maranda (20 October 1642, Rouen, France - bef. 7 February 1689, Saint-Laurent-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)
Marie-Thérèse Viel (4 April 1650, Rouen, France - , )
Marie Vigny (abt. 1655, Paris, France - 24 June 1742, Sainte-Famille-de-l'île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)
Jeanne Vilain (abt. 1655, Paris, France - 18 December 1711, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Louise Vitard (abt. 1646, , France - 15 June 1715, Lotbinière, Québec, Canada (Saint-Louis))
Marguerite Vitry (24 February 1647, Rouen, France - 14 February 1724, Neuville, Portneuf, Québec, Canada (Saint-François-de-Sales))
Marie Voguer (17 August 1647, , France - 26 April 1712, Neuville, Portneuf, Québec, Canada (Saint-François-de-Sales))
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