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Filles du Roi (King's Daughters)


Between 1663 and 1673, 768 Filles du Roi or "King’s Daughters" emigrated to New France under the sponsorship of the French government as part of the overall strategy of strengthening the colony until it could stand on its own without economic and military dependence on France.

In 1663, the King took over direct control of the government of New France and initiated an organized system of recruiting and transporting marriageable women to the colony. On September 22, 1663, thirty-six girls –the first group of Filles du Roi– arrived in Québec.

The recruiting of Filles du Roi took place largely in Paris, Rouen and other northern cities by merchants and ship outfitters. A screening process required each girl to present her birth certificate and a recommendation from her parish priest or local magistrate stating that she was free to marry. It was necessary that the girls be of appropriate age for giving birth and that "they be healthy and strong for country work, or that they at least have some aptitude for household chores."

The cost of sending each Fille du Roi to New France was 100 livres: 10 for the recruitment, 30 for clothing and 60 for the crossing itself. Upon arrival, the Filles received suitable clothing and some provisions.

All of the Filles du Roi first landed at Québec City where 560 remained, with 133 being sent to Montréal and 75 to Trois-Rivières.

When selecting a Fille du Roi, the suitor looked beyond outward appearances and considered the practical attributes of a bride that would be adapted or disposed to the rigors of the colony. The preference seems to have been for peasant girls because they were healthy and industrious, as opposed to city girls who were often considered lightheaded and lazy.

Every Fille du Roi had the right to refuse any marriage offer that was presented. In order to make an informed decision to accept a would-be husband, the girls asked questions about the suitor’s home, finances, land and profession. Having a home of one’s own was one of the most important considerations for a Fille du Roi.

In addition to any dowry of goods that the bride may have brought with her from France, each couple was given an assortment of livestock and goods to start them off in married life: a pair of chickens and pigs, an ox, a cow and two barrels of salted meat. The King’s Gift of 50 livres is believed to have been a customary addition to the dowry, but only 250 out of 606 known marriage contracts make reference to an additional dowry given by the King. Once married, there was an incentive to have large families. A yearly pension of 300 livres was granted to families with ten children, rising to 400 livres for 12 children and more for larger families.

In September 1673 the last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years since the program had begun.

Source: Peter J. Gagné, King’s Daughters and Founding Mothers: The Filles du Roi, 1663-1673, (Pawtucket, RI: Quinton Publications, 2001)




Histoire du Québec 6 - Les Filles du Roi (in French) (www.youtube.com)


C
Marie Chauvet (abt. 1641, , France - aft. 10 April 1709, , Québec Province, Canada )
Marguerite Chemereau (Chaumereau) (abt. 1651, , France - 14 September 1715, Sorel, Québec, Canada )
Denise Cherfault (abt. 1641, Paris, France - 2 March 1711, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada )
Jeanne Chevalier (1645, , France - 24 November 1716, Rivière-Ouelle, Québec, Canada )
Suzanne Chevalier (abt. 1643, , France - aft. 1 December 1698, Lauzon, Québec, Canada )
Marie Chevreau (26 September 1645, , France - 27 February 1724, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada )
Madeleine Chretien (bet. 1646-1652, Paris, France - 25 February 1709, Contrecœur, Québec, Canada )
Marie Chretien (abt. 1655, , France - 30 November 1733, Deschambault, Québec, Canada )
Catherine Clerice (abt. 1653, Paris, France - 1 March 1715, Varennes, Québec, Canada)
Marie Coignard (abt. 1643, Rouen, France - 22 May 1715, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Perrine Coirier (abt. 1644, , France - 18 December 1714, Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Anne Colin (Collin) (abt. 1647, Champagne, France - 29 July 1719, Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada )
Denise Colin (Collin) (abt. 1651, Paris, France - , )
Marie-Rose Colin (Collin) (1642, Burgundy, France - 5 May 1722, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Marguerite Collet (Collette) (abt. 1653, Paris, France - 11 June 1730, Varennes, Québec, Canada)
Françoise Conflans (1649, , France - 28 February 1728, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Marie-Catherine Cottin d'Arras (abt. 1645, , France - 29 March 1690, Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Marie Couet (24 January 1633, Rouen, France - , )
Françoise Cousin (abt. 1640, Paris, France - 19 December 1714, Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Anne Couture (abt. 1642, , France - 13 May 1715, Saint-Laurent-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)
Charlotte Coy dite Couet (abt. 1649, , France - 12 May 1707, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Elisabeth Cretel (abt. 1649, Rouen, France - 27 May 1704, Neuville, Portneuf, Québec, Canada )
Martine Crosnier (abt. 1645, , France - aft. 1713, Saint-Pierre-de-la-Rivière-du-Sud, Québec, Canada)
Françoise Curé (1643, , France - 19 January 1709, Boucherville, Québec, Canada)

D
Anne D'Ailly (Daillier) (abt. 1634, , France - 19 January 1704, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada )
Marie Dallon (abt. 1646, , France - 7 July 1716, La Durantaye, Québec, Canada)
Denise Damané (1641, Paris, France - 22 September 1704, Champlain, Québec, Canada )
Claude Damisé (1643, , France - 6 October 1705, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Marie Damois (1649, , France - 20 December 1708, Neuville, Portneuf, Québec, Canada )
Marie-Anne-Esther Dannessé dite De Leongchamps (, , France - 2 May 1689, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Marie-Catherine De Baillon (abt, 1645, , France - 27 January 1688, Rivière-Ouelle, Québec, Canada )
Marie De Beauregard (abt. 1645, Paris, France - 24 October 1715, L'Islet, Québec, Canada )
Catherine De Belleau (abt. 1639, , France - , )
Nicole De Bonin (abt. 1645, , France - 24 October 1711, Batiscan, Québec, Canada )
Claude De Chevrainville dite Lafontaine (abt. 1645, Paris, France - 22 January 1691 , Québec, Québec, Canada )
Marie-Madeleine De Chevrainville dite Lafontaine (abt. 1650, Paris, France - 19 May 1733, Sorel, Québec, Canada )
Marie De Lacour (abt. 1644, Paris, France - , )
Françoise De Lacroix (abt. 1640, Paris, France - 12 October 1711, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Elisabeth De Laguéripière (1638, Paris, France - 12 April 1723, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Catherine De Lalore (abt. 1652, , England - 5 January 1705, Sorel, Québec, Canada )
Marie De Lamarre (Delamarre) (16 August 1650, Rouen, France - 23 December 1708, Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Marguerite De Laplace (abt. 1643, Paris, France - 7 October 1735, Saint-Sulpice, Québec, Canada)
Charlotte De Larue (abt. 1646, , France - 22 March 1711, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Catherine De Lehaie (Lehaye) (1649, Paris, France - , )
Suzanne De Licerance (1644, , France - 25 December 1723, Laval, Québec, Canada )
Marie De Limoges (abt. 1650, , France - 6 November 1673, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada )
Marie Debure (abt. 1631, Rouen, France - 11 October 1700, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Jeanne Déchard (abt. 1641, , France - 6 August 1686, Batiscan, Québec, Canada )
Marie-Claude Delahogue (abt. 1651, , France - 25 August 1687, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Madeleine Delaunay (abt. 1625, La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France - 6 February 1699, La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France)
Anne Delestre (29 November 1656, , France - 25 January 1685, Boucherville, Québec, Canada)
Marguerite Delorme (abt. 1644, , France - 31 March 1679, Batiscan, Québec, Canada )
Jeanne Denot (1645, Paris, France - 10 October 1710, La Prairie, Québec, Canada )
Marie Denoyon (Noyon) (abt. 1643, , France - 20 June 1709, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Anne Dequain (23 April 1645, , France - 7 February 1734, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Marie Deschamps (abt. 1647, Paris, France - 13 May 1682, Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Marie-Louise Desgranges (1648, , France - 11 November 1721, Neuville, Portneuf, Québec, Canada )
Marguerite Deshayes (1646, Rouen, France - 17 November 1709, Repentigny, Québec, Canada )
Marie Deshayes (1643, Rouen, France - 18 December 1707, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Marie-Françoise Desportes (abt. 1653, Paris, France - 13 April 1736, Grondines, Québec, Canada )
Madeleine Després (abt. 1655, , France - 18 December 1712, Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada )
Marie-Agnès Destouches (abt. 1648, , France - 20 February 1728, Saint-François-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada )
Marie Devault (Deveau) (Deveault) (3 April 1647, , France - 6 December 1687, Repentigny, Québec, Canada )
Jeanne Dodier (abt. 1646, , France - 4 February 1706, Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Québec, Canada* )
Anne Dodin (Daudin) (1649, , France - 25 October 1700, , Québec Province, Canada )
Ambroise Doigt (abt. 1644, Paris, France - 19 February 1709, Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Barbe Dorange (abt. 1650, , France - 14 September 1717, Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada* )
Catherine Doribeau (abt. 1645, , France - , , Québec Province, Canada )
Élisabeth-Isabelle Doucinet (17 May 1647, La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France - 15 November 1710, Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Catherine Drouet (abt. 1631, Paris, France - 26 September 1699, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Marie Dubois (14 May 1644, , France - 27 September 1734, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada* )
Catherine Ducharme (abt. 1657, Paris, France - 21 February 1719, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Barbe Duchesne (abt. 1650, , Switzerland - 10 July 1710, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Jeanne Ducorps dite Leduc (abt. 1649, , France - 19 December 1727, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Marie Ducoudray (abt. 1650, Paris, France - 9 September 1710, Lauzon, Québec, Canada )
Françoise Dufaye (abt. 1641, Rouen, France - 17 December 1705, Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Helene Dufiguier (abt. 1643, Paris, France - 14 May 1673, , Québec Province, Canada )
Anne-Julienne Dumont (abt. 1646, , France - 1704, Saint-François-du-Lac, Québec, Canada )
Catherine Dupuis (1644, Paris, France - 20 December 1682, Boucherville, Québec, Canada)
Catherine Durand (abt. 1649, Paris, France - 6 June 1717, Saint-Sulpice, Québec, Canada)
Françoise Durand (1648, Dieppe, France - 15 September 1718, Saint-François-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada )
Suzanne Durand (abt. 1653, , France - aft. 10 September 1683, , Québec Province, Canada )
Marguerite Dusson (1656, , France - 20 July 1731, Sorel, Québec, Canada )
Françoise Duval (1645, Paris, France - 27 October 1725, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Marie-Michelle Duval (abt. 1652, , France - 2 June 1711, Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada )

É
Antoinette-Catherine Éloy (1644, , France - 12 April 1728, Laval, Québec, Canada )
Marguerite Éloy (abt. 1651, , France - 30 March 1728, Batiscan, Québec, Canada )

F
Jeanne Faucheux (10 June 1655, , France - 20 November 1721, La-Pérade, Québec, Canada )
Marie Faucon (1644, , France - 4 December 1709, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada* )
Louise Faure dite Planchet (abt. 1642, , France - 24 May 1714, Cap-St-Ignace, Québec, Canada )
Françoise Favreau (abt. 1644, La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France - August 1723, Saint-Jean-Port-Joli, Québec, Canada)
Catherine Fièvre (19 November 1646, , France - 13 June 1709, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Anne Foubert (abt. 1651, , France - 4 April 1729, Verchères, Québec, Canada )
Catherine Fourrier (abt. 1650, Paris, France - 21 October 1726, Repentigny, Québec, Canada )
Jeanne Fourrier (1 July 1651, , France - 9 February 1718, Saint-François-du-Lac, Québec, Canada )
Marguerite Foy (1638, , France - 12 January 1718, Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada )
Jeanne Fressel (1653, Paris, France - 1 September 1738 , L'Ange-Gardien, Québec, Canada)
Louise Froc (Fro) (abt. 1654, Paris, France - 3 February 1746, Québec, Québec, Canada )

G
Marie Gaillard dite Daire (abt. 1647, Rouen, France - 12 July 1736, Lachine, Montréal, Québec, Canada* )
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