Don't end up on this site as someone's ancestor!  








Our Books

  Find out MORE!

If you own Forever Cousins: Eight Generations of the Theinert Family, Contact Us! We would love to hear from you.


¡spɹɐʍʞɔɐq puɐ uʍop ǝpısdn ǝuıɐW 'uoʇsıʍǝ˥ pǝuɹnʇ ʎɹoʇs sıɥʇ '006Ɩ uI
  Find out MORE!




Filles du Roi (King's Daughters)


Between 1663 and 1673, 768 Filles du Roi or "King’s Daughters" emigrated to New France under the sponsorship of the French government as part of the overall strategy of strengthening the colony until it could stand on its own without economic and military dependence on France.

In 1663, the King took over direct control of the government of New France and initiated an organized system of recruiting and transporting marriageable women to the colony. On September 22, 1663, thirty-six girls –the first group of Filles du Roi– arrived in Québec.

The recruiting of Filles du Roi took place largely in Paris, Rouen and other northern cities by merchants and ship outfitters. A screening process required each girl to present her birth certificate and a recommendation from her parish priest or local magistrate stating that she was free to marry. It was necessary that the girls be of appropriate age for giving birth and that "they be healthy and strong for country work, or that they at least have some aptitude for household chores."

The cost of sending each Fille du Roi to New France was 100 livres: 10 for the recruitment, 30 for clothing and 60 for the crossing itself. Upon arrival, the Filles received suitable clothing and some provisions.

All of the Filles du Roi first landed at Québec City where 560 remained, with 133 being sent to Montréal and 75 to Trois-Rivières.

When selecting a Fille du Roi, the suitor looked beyond outward appearances and considered the practical attributes of a bride that would be adapted or disposed to the rigors of the colony. The preference seems to have been for peasant girls because they were healthy and industrious, as opposed to city girls who were often considered lightheaded and lazy.

Every Fille du Roi had the right to refuse any marriage offer that was presented. In order to make an informed decision to accept a would-be husband, the girls asked questions about the suitor’s home, finances, land and profession. Having a home of one’s own was one of the most important considerations for a Fille du Roi.

In addition to any dowry of goods that the bride may have brought with her from France, each couple was given an assortment of livestock and goods to start them off in married life: a pair of chickens and pigs, an ox, a cow and two barrels of salted meat. The King’s Gift of 50 livres is believed to have been a customary addition to the dowry, but only 250 out of 606 known marriage contracts make reference to an additional dowry given by the King. Once married, there was an incentive to have large families. A yearly pension of 300 livres was granted to families with ten children, rising to 400 livres for 12 children and more for larger families.

In September 1673 the last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years since the program had begun.

Source: Peter J. Gagné, King’s Daughters and Founding Mothers: The Filles du Roi, 1663-1673, (Pawtucket, RI: Quinton Publications, 2001)




Histoire du Québec 6 - Les Filles du Roi (in French) (www.youtube.com)


A
Marguerite Abraham (5 January 1637, Paris, France - Aft. 9 November 1695, Beaumont, Québec, Canada )
Anne Adam (abt. 1651, , France - 16 May 1709, Lauzon, Québec, Canada )
Marie-Anne Agathe (1636, , France - 28 December 1700, Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures, Québec, Canada)
Marie Albert (11 June 1643, , France - , , Québec Province, Canada )
Marie Allence (abt. 1649, , Belgium - , )
Jeanne Amyot (Amiot) (6 February 1645, Burgundy, France - 5 February 1745, Verchères, Québec, Canada )
Françoise Ancelin (Asselin) (abt. 1655, La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France - 22 September 1711, Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Louise André (abt. 1629, , France - 7 December 1687, Boucherville, Québec, Canada)
Marguerite Andrieu (abt. 1644, , France - , )
Marie Angelier (L'Angelier) (abt. 1651, , France - aft. 1709, , Québec Province, Canada )
Françoise-Denise Anthoine (Antoine) (abt. 1651, , France - 27 March 1732, Saint-Ours, Québec, Canada)
Marie-Ursule Arcular (1651, Paris, France - 24 April 1718, Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada )
Marguerite Ardion (11 August 1636, La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France - , , Québec Province, Canada )
Anne Arinat (1615, Rouen, France - 13 August 1705, Saint-François-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada )
Marie-Renee Ariot (Ariau) (Hario) (1646, , France - 25 June 1715, Saint-Michel-de-Bellechasse, Québec, Canada)
Françoise Aubé (abt. 1641, Paris, France - 12 January 1709, La-Pérade, Québec, Canada )
Elisabeth Aubert (13 April 1648, , France - 4 October 1690, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Jeanne Aubert (abt. 1642, , France - October 1687, Batiscan, Québec, Canada )
Suzanne AUBINEAU (1635, La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France - March 10 1694, Saint-François-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada )
Anne Aubry (abt. 1654, Paris, France - , , Québec Province, Canada )
Jacqueline Aubry (15 March 1642, , France - 22 January 1702, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Marie-Françoise Aubry (1653, Paris, France - , )
Jeanne Auger (abt. 1646, Paris, France - 18 October 1735, Beaumont, Québec, Canada )
Isabelle Aupé (Aubert) (abt. 1647, Rouen, France - 24 July 1687, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec, Canada )
Marie-Madeleine Auvray (abt. 1652, Rouen, France - 6 May 1734, Neuville, Portneuf, Québec, Canada )

B
Antoinette Bagau de Beaurenom (1652, , France - bef. 8 January 1684, Saint-Laurent-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)
Madeleine Bailly (1647, Paris, France - 26 March 1734, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Françoise Baiselat (Bizelan) (abt. 1651, Paris, France - 30 May 1694, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada* )
Marie Anne Bamont (abt. 1653, , Belgium - 15 August 1708, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Marie Barbant (abt. 1639, Rouen, France - 29 April 1710, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Jeanne Barbereau (Barbaret) (abt. 1638, , France - 22 May 1713, Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)
Françoise Barbery (abt. 1641, , France - 17 February 1725, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Jeanne Barbier (abt. 1649, , France - abt. 1689, , Québec Province, Canada )
Marie-Louise Bardou (Bardeau) (, , France - 11 January 1688, Sainte-Victoire-de-Sorel, Québec, Canada)
Anne Barillet (abt. 1650, , France - abt. September 1672, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Catherine Barre (abt. 1640, , France - 17 July 1707, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Francoise-Marthe Barton (abt. 1653, Poitiers, France - 13 August 1699, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Catherine Basset (abt. 1637, , France - 16 November 1716, Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada* )
Catherine Beaudin (abt. 1651, Paris, France - 9 August 1718, Neuville, Portneuf, Québec, Canada )
Étiennette Beaudon (Baudon) (1653, Paris, France - 11 November 1699, Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures, Québec, Canada)
Marie-Jeanne Beaujean (abt. 1640, , France - abt. 1680, , Québec Province, Canada )
Marthe Beauregard (abt. 1643, , France - 21 October 1728, Lauzon, Québec, Canada )
Marie Bellehache (abt. 1652, , France - 7 December 1718, Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Anne Bellesoeur dite Lucas (abt. 1640, Paris, France - 11 December 1710, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Marie Benoit (abt. 1653, , France - 11 December 1733, Contrecœur, Québec, Canada )
Louise Bercier (abt. 1649, , France - 3 March 1699, La-Pérade, Québec, Canada )
Marguerite Berger (abt. 1652, Paris, France - 19 November 1728, Lauzon, Québec, Canada )
Jeanne Bernard (abt. 1651, , France - 22 June 1715, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Marguerite Berrin (abt. 1650, Paris, France - 5 April 1679, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Marie Bertin dite Breval (1653, , France - 16 February 1716, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Lucrèce Billot (abt. 1641, , France - 22 November 1706, Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Jeanne Bilodeau (1646, , France - 26 August 1684, Champlain, Québec, Canada )
Marguerite Binaudière (abt. 1638, , France - 11 May 1705, Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)
Renee Biret (abt. 1646, La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France - 14 March 1715, La Durantaye, Québec, Canada)
Isabelle Blais (Blay) (abt. 1648, , France - 28 November 1692, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Marguerite Blaise (29 April 1653, , France - 15 June 1726, Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures, Québec, Canada)
Marie Blanchard (15 January 1647, Rouen, France - 29 January 1722, Lachine, Montréal, Québec, Canada* )
Jeanne Blondeau (abt. 1646, , France - 2 November 1680, Sorel, Québec, Canada )
Antoinette Bluteau (abt. 1644, , France - 20 January 1681 , La Durantaye, Québec, Canada)
Marie Boileau (abt. 1641, , France - 20 July 1721, Saint-François-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada )
Françoise Boivin (abt. 1653, , France - 13 April 1717, Boucherville, Québec, Canada)
Marie-Louise Bolper (1651, , France - 17 November 1728, Saint-François-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada )
Marguerite Bonnefoy (1648, Rouen, France - 14 November 1700, Neuville, Portneuf, Québec, Canada )
Marie Bonville (Bonheur) (abt. 1651, Paris, France - 10 February 1687, Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada* )
Marie Bouart (22 March 1649 , , France - 15 September 1712, Batiscan, Québec, Canada )
Jeanne-Marguerite Boucault (abt. 1651, Paris, France - 23 January 1696, Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada* )
Louise Bouchard (abt. 1647, , France - 31 August 1703, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Catherine Bourgeois (17 February 1633, Rouen, France - 28 September 1702, Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada* )
Françoise Bourgeois (abt. 1646, Paris, France - 21 July 1704, Saint-Laurent-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)
Marie Bourgeois (1646, Rouen, France - 2 October 1700, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Marie Boutard (abt. 1647, , France - 26 April 1728, Boucherville, Québec, Canada)
Jeanne Bouveau (Beauveau) (abt. 1653, Champagne, France - 7 January 1737, Saint-Ours, Québec, Canada)
Barbe Boyère (Boyer) (9 March 1655, , France - 9 December 1730, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Jeanne Braconnier (abt. 1651, Paris, France - 20 February 1711, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Anne Brandon (abt. 28 August 1634, , France - 9 August 1689, Lachine, Montréal, Québec, Canada* )
Marie Briere (abt. 1645, , France - , )
Françoise Brunet (1635, , France - 20 July 1668, Lauzon, Québec, Canada )
Marguerite Bulté (abt. 1647, , France - 25 June 1732, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Marie Buot (abt. 1653, , France - 19 June 1732, Saint-François-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada )
Catherine Bureau (abt. 1651, Paris, France - 1 August 1707, Saint-Michel-de-Bellechasse, Québec, Canada)
Jeanne Burelle (Burel) (abt. 1649, , France - 17 April 1724, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada* )

C
Marie-Jeanne Caillé (abt. 1653, Paris, France - 12 March 1734, Champlain, Québec, Canada )
Hélène Calais (abt. 1656, Paris, France - , , Québec Province, Canada )
Marie Campion (1654, Rouen, France - 28 January 1697, Rivière-Ouelle, Québec, Canada )
Madeleine Carbonnet (9 February 1640, , France - 16 March 1711, Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Marguerite Cardillon (abt. 1641, Paris, France - 24 June 1711, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Marie Cartignier (Cartigny) (abt. 1653, Paris, France - , )
Henriette Cartois (abt. 1651, Paris, France - 8 January 1729, Saint-Vallier, Québec, Canada)
Nicole Chandoiseau (1651, Paris, France - 3 November 1711, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Renée Chanfrain (abt. 1649, Paris, France - 7 March 1684, Saint-Laurent-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)
Michelle Charlier (Chartier) (1644, Paris, France - 28 January 1729, Saint-Sulpice, Québec, Canada)
Marguerite Charpentier (1650, , France - 28 February 1709, Neuville, Portneuf, Québec, Canada )
Marie Charpentier (abt. 1655, Paris, France - 28 May 1713, La-Pérade, Québec, Canada )
Marie-Reine Charpentier (abt. 1658, Paris, France - 25 January 1728, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Louise Charrier (abt. 1643, , France - 21 June 1706, La Prairie, Québec, Canada )
Marie Charrier (abt. 1639, , France - 20 December 1694, Québec, Québec, Canada )
Jeanne Chartier (abt. 1636, Paris, France - 30 October 1695, Montréal, Québec, Canada )
Jeanne Chartier (abt. 1646, , France - 30 December 1708, Montmagny, Québec, Canada )
Jeanne Charton (abt. 1643, , France - 6 June 1703, Longueuil, Québec, Canada )
Page: 1  2  3  4  5