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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? The habitant liked to be near his fellows, partly for his own safety against marauding redskins, but chiefly because the colony was at best a lonely place in the long cold season when there was little for any one to do.

Source: Daily Life in New France ( french/ daily_life_in_new_france.htm)

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

Montréal, Québec, Canada  - Basilique Notre-Dame-de-Montréal
110, rue Notre-Dame Ouest, Montréal, QUÉBEC
Established 1678
Source: Wikipedia
Montréal, Québec, Canada
Basilique Notre-Dame-de-Montréal
110, rue Notre-Dame Ouest, Montréal, QUÉBEC
Established 1678
Source: Wikipedia

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immigrant Fille a Marier France  Catherine  Delavaux (Delavau)

  (b. abt. 1620, France   d. 11 April 1688Montréal, Canada, New France )  

Catherine Delavaux (Delavau) was born abt. 1620 in , France. Catherine Delavaux (Delavau) was the child of

Catherine was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1650.

She married  Gilbert Barbier 14 November 1650 in Montréal, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 8 children. Gilbert Barbier  was born 13 January 1617 in , France .  He died 15 November 1693 in Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada* (L'Enfant-Jésus-de-la-Pointe-aux-Trembles) . 

Catherine Delavaux (Delavau) died 11 April 1688 in Montréal, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

daughter of Alexandre de Lavau and Louise de Renel

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Catherine Delavaux (Delavau) married immigrant France Gilbert Barbier-- Date: 14 November 1650 Place: Montréal, Canada, New France Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin. 

Marriage found at Notre-Dame de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec in Drouin Collection

Added: 3/19/2009 10:33:54 AM  
Updated: 2/4/2014 7:30:04 PM

Canada/New France Charles Barbier (b.7 August 1651, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 28 February 1657, Montréal, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Adrienne Barbier (b.20 August 1652, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. aft. 31 August 1721, , Québec Province, Canada )

Canada/New France Barbe Barbier (b.9 January 1654, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 24 January 1694, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Canada, New France* )

Canada/New France Agathe Barbier (b., , Québec Province, Canada   d. 1655, , Québec Province, Canada )

Canada/New France Gabriel Barbier (b.6 September 1656, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. , )

Canada/New France Nicolas Barbier (b., , Québec Province, Canada   d. 11 August 1691, La Prairie, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Charles-Henri Barbier (b.08 November 1660 , Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 08 June 1691, Repentigny, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Marie Barbier (b.1 May 1663 , Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 19 May 1739, Montréal, Canada, New France )

Lifetime Events

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Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (
Added: 9/15/2010 10:41:34 AM - Beckie  Updated: 9/15/2010 10:41:45 AM - Beckie

France 1635 - France enters Thirty Years War as an active combatant. Franco-Spanish War begins.

France 1638 - King Louis XIV born in France
History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon

Thunderworks ( -

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne

1650 Marriage / Partner
Catherine Delavaux (Delavau) and Gilbert Barbier 14 November 1650, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1651 Birth of Child
Charles Barbier was born 7 August 1651, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1652 Birth of Child
Adrienne Barbier was born 20 August 1652, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1654 Birth of Child
Barbe Barbier was born 9 January 1654, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1656 Birth of Child
Gabriel Barbier was born 6 September 1656, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1657 Death of Child
Charles Barbier died 28 February 1657, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Canada 1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1660 Birth of Child
Charles-Henri Barbier was born 08 November 1660 , Montréal, Québec, Canada

Canada 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced...Read MORE...

1663 Birth of Child
Marie Barbier was born 1 May 1663 , Montréal, Québec, Canada

1666 Census - Montreal, Quebec

Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...

Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...

Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1681 Canadian Census Ville de Montreal
Gilbert Barbier, charpentier, 64
Catherine Delavau, sa femme, 61
Gabriel, 26
Nicolas, 23
Charles, 21
Pierre Lorreau, domestique, 10

Source: Histoire des Canadiens-Francais 1608-1880 by Benjamin Sulte, Montreal, 1882
Added: 3/1/2010 8:48:51 PM - Beckie  Updated: 3/1/2010 8:48:51 PM -

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

July 21, 1687 - Appearance of Catherine Delavau, wife of Gilbert Barbier.

Title Report
Author Québec (Québec). Secretary's Office
Published 1891
Original from the New York Public Library
Digitized May 9, 2006
Page 198
Added: 7/16/2009 8:33:53 PM - Beckie  Updated: 7/17/2010 8:50:20 PM - Beckie

11 April 1688
Montréal, Québec, Canada

Added: 3/19/2009 10:33:24 AM

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