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Did You Know?Did you know...Very few children went to school in New France. Schools were usually only in the larger towns and too far away for children in the small towns to attend. If children did learn to read, they learned from a parent, or an older brother who had become a priest. Schools were run by the church because the nuns and priests were educated.

Source: ON/ LakeheadUniversity/ NewFranceWQ/ wqr6.aspx

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immigrant Fille a Marier France  Catherine  Delavaux (Delavau)

  (b. abt. 1620France   d. 11 April 1688Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal) )  

Catherine Delavaux (Delavau) was born abt. 1620 in France. Catherine Delavaux (Delavau) was the child of

Catherine was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1650.

She married  Gilbert Barbier 14 November 1650 in Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal) .  The couple had (at least) 8 children. Gilbert Barbier  was born 13 January 1617 in France .  He died 15 November 1693 in Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada* . 

Catherine Delavaux (Delavau) died 11 April 1688 in Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal).

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

daughter of Alexandre de Lavau and Louise de Renel

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Catherine Delavaux (Delavau) married immigrant France Gilbert Barbier-- Date: 14 November 1650 Place: Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal) Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin. 

Marriage found at Notre-Dame de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec in Drouin Collection

Added: 3/19/2009 10:33:54 AM  
Updated: 2/4/2014 7:30:04 PM

Canada/New France Charles Barbier (b.7 August 1651, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal)  d. 28 February 1657, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal))

Canada/New France Adrienne Barbier (b.20 August 1652, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal)  d. aft. 31 August 1721, Québec (Quebec) Province, Canada (New France))

Canada/New France Barbe Barbier (b.9 January 1654, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal)  d. 24 January 1694, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada*)

Canada/New France Agathe Barbier (b., Québec (Quebec) Province, Canada (New France)  d. 1655, Québec (Quebec) Province, Canada (New France))

Canada/New France Gabriel Barbier (b.6 September 1656, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal)  d. , )

Canada/New France Nicolas Barbier (b., Québec (Quebec) Province, Canada (New France)  d. 11 August 1691, La Prairie (Laprairie), Québec, Canada (Saint-Philippe) (St-Jean-François-Régis))

Canada/New France Charles-Henri Barbier (b.08 November 1660 , Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal)  d. 08 June 1691, Repentigny, L'Assomption, Québec, Canada)

Canada/New France Marie Barbier (b.1 May 1663 , Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal)  d. 19 May 1739, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal))

Lifetime Events

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Fille a Marier

Filles a MarierFilles a Marier 1634-1662

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home."
Added: 9/15/2010 10:41:34 AM - Beckie  Updated: 9/15/2010 10:41:45 AM - Beckie

France1635 - France enters Thirty Years War as an active combatant. Franco-Spanish War begins.

France1638 - King Louis XIV born in France
History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon

Thunderworks ( -

France1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne

1650 Marriage / Partner
Catherine Delavaux (Delavau) and Gilbert Barbier 14 November 1650, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal)

Canada1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced priva...Read MORE...

Canada1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1666 Census - Montreal, Quebec

Canada1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several a...Read MORE...

Canada1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years since...Read MORE...

Canada1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1681 Canadian Census Ville de Montreal
Gilbert Barbier, charpentier, 64
Catherine Delavau, sa femme, 61
Gabriel, 26
Nicolas, 23
Charles, 21
Pierre Lorreau, domestique, 10

Source: Histoire des Canadiens-Francais 1608-1880 by Benjamin Sulte, Montreal, 1882
Added: 3/1/2010 8:48:51 PM - Beckie  Updated: 3/1/2010 8:48:51 PM -

Canada1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

July 21, 1687 - Appearance of Catherine Delavau, wife of Gilbert Barbier.

Title Report
Author Québec (Québec). Secretary's Office
Published 1891
Original from the New York Public Library
Digitized May 9, 2006
Page 198
Added: 7/16/2009 8:33:53 PM - Beckie  Updated: 7/17/2010 8:50:20 PM - Beckie

11 April 1688
Montréal, Québec, Canada (Montreal)

Added: 3/19/2009 10:33:24 AM

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