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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? About 30,000 French people set out on the great voyage to New France before 1760. Of this number, 27,000 arrived alive... All in all of the 27,000 immigrants, 14,000, or a little more than half, settled in New France.

Source: History of Quebec for Dummies by Eric Bedard, published by John Wiley & Sons, Canada, Ltd.

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) - Cathedral-Basilica of Notre-Dame de Québec
16, rue de Buade, Quebec City, Quebec
Located on this site since 1647, the cathedral has twice been destroyed by fire throughout the centuries.
Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
Cathedral-Basilica of Notre-Dame de Québec
16, rue de Buade, Quebec City, Quebec
Located on this site since 1647, the cathedral has twice been destroyed by fire throughout the centuries.

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immigrant Fille du Roi France  Catherine  Barre

  (b. abt. 1640, France   d. 17 July 1707Québec, Canada, New France )  

Catherine Barre was born abt. 1640 in , France. Catherine Barre was the child of

Catherine was a Fille du Roi, arriving in New France by 1665.

She married  Mathurin Chaille (Chayer) 11 January 1665 in Québec, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 6 children. Mathurin Chaille (Chayer)  was born 2 May 1633 in , France .  He died 23 July 1707 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) . 

Catherine Barre died 17 July 1707 in Québec, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Daughter of Jacques Barre and Francoise Gauvritte

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Catherine Barre married immigrant France Mathurin Chaille (Chayer)-- Date: 11 January 1665 Place: Québec, Canada, New France Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin. 

Notre-Dame-de-Quebec, Quebec, Canada

Title Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes depuis la fondation de la colonie
Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes depuis la fondation de la colonie, Cyprien Tanguay
Author Cyprien Tanguay
Published 1871
Original from Oxford University
Digitized Jun 9, 2006
Page 110

"Catherine Barre, a young woman protected by the king, arrived in the country in the summer of 1664, it seems. She was the daughter of Jacques Barre and of Francoise Gauvrite, from Saint-Martin-de-RE in Aunis, diocese of La Rochelle. Catherine was a serious girl about 20 years old. Maurice Rivet, a lad from La Rochelle, spoke to her of marriage in the autumn of 1664. However, ancestor Rivet found serious competition in the person of Mathurin Chaille and gave up his marriage contract on 17 November of the same year. Mathurin courted Catherine until she accepted and decided to be united with im in the gonds of matrimony."

"At Beauport, on Tuesday, 30 December 1664, the house of Jacques Lamarie and of Marie Morin, his wife and Catherine's chaperone, was filled with visitors in their Sunday clothes... Notary Vachon read aloud Mathurin and Catherine's marriage contract. Everyone witnessed these civil promised drawn up according to the Coutume de Paris. The bride signed with elegance."

"In the chapel of Beauport, on Sunday, 11 January 1665, Father Charles de Lauzon, Sieur de Charny, blessed the union of Mathurin and Catherine in the presence of witnesses recorded in the registry of Notre-Dame de Quebec: Jacques Lemarie and Pierre Marcoux, residents of Beauport."

Thomas J. Laforest
Our French-Canadian Ancestors : Volume XVI, Pages 70-71

Added: 3/12/2009 6:15:57 PM  
Updated: 3/27/2015 6:56:18 PM

Canada/New France Claude Chaille (Chayer) (b.17 October 1665 , Québec, Canada, New France   d. 13 December 1724, Cap-Santé, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Marie-Thérèse Chaille (b.23 January 1667, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 27 October 1726, Deschambault, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Michel Chaille (b.5 May 1671, Québec, Canada, New France   d. bef. 1681, , Québec Province, Canada )

Canada/New France Jean Chaille (b.14 January 1674 , Sillery, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 13 November 1709, Québec, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Henri Chaille (b.10 May 1676 , Québec, Canada, New France   d. 1 July 1711, Cap-Santé, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France François Chaille (b.1 August 1678 , Québec, Canada, New France   d. 3 February 1750, Pointe-du-Lac, Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France* )

Lifetime Events

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France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne

France 1659 - France and Spain sign the Treaty of the Pyrenees.

France On August 26, 1660, Louis XIV made a triumphal entry into Paris with his wife, Marie-Therese. The royal couple took their places...
Louis XIV wasn't just a ceremonial king who represents the kingdom, but makes no decisions of his own... His regime was considered an absolute monarchy, and Louis XIV was the sole master. No...Read MORE...

Fille du Roi
Barré, Catherine, m. Chaillé, Mathurin, Jan. 11, 1665

1663-1673 Filles du Roi

"The filles du roi, or King's Daughters, were some 770 women who arrived in the colony of New France (Canada) between 1663 and 1673, under the financial sponsorship of King Louis XIV of France. Most were single French women and many were orphans. Their transportation to Canada and settlement in the colony were paid for by the King. Some were given a royal gift of a dowry of 50 livres for their marriage to one of the many unmarried male colonists in Canada. These gifts are reflected in some of the marriage contracts entered into by the filles du roi at the time of their first marriages.

The filles du roi were part of King Louis XIV's program to promote the settlement of his colony in Canada. Some 737 of these women married and the resultant population explosion gave rise to the success of the colony. Most of the millions of people of French Canadian descent today, both in Quebec and the rest of Canada and the USA (and beyond!), are descendants of one or more of these courageous women of the 17th century. "

Added: 9/14/2010 11:00:20 AM - Beckie  Updated: 9/15/2010 9:51:00 AM - Beckie

1665 Marriage / Partner
Catherine Barre and Mathurin Chaille (Chayer) 11 January 1665, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1665 Birth of Child
Claude Chaille (Chayer) was born 17 October 1665 , Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Beauport, Quebec
Mathurin Chaillé, 25 habittant
Catherine Barré, 22 sa femme
Claude Chaillé, 1 fils
1666 Census of New France
Added: 3/12/2009 6:18:50 PM - Gail  Updated: -

Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1667 Birth of Child
Marie-Thérèse Chaille was born 23 January 1667, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...

Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1671 Birth of Child
Michel Chaille was born 5 May 1671, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...

Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1674 Birth of Child
Jean Chaille was born 14 January 1674 , Sillery, Québec, Québec, Canada (Mission Saint-Joseph-de-Sillery) (Saint-Colomb-de-Sillery)

1676 Birth of Child
Henri Chaille was born 10 May 1676 , Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1678 Birth of Child
François Chaille was born 1 August 1678 , Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1681 Canadian Census Seigneurie de Beauport
Mathurin Chaille, 40
Catherine Barre, sa femme, 40
Claude, 15
Therese, 14
Michel, 10
Jean, 8
Henry, 6
Francois, 3

Source: Histoire des Canadiens-Francais 1608-1880 by Benjamin Sulte, Montreal, 1882
Added: 3/2/2010 11:45:57 AM - Beckie  Updated: 3/2/2010 11:45:57 AM -

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake St. Louis, its widest point in the Montreal area. On the opposite shore, the inhabitants of the...Read MORE...

Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps. acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October) about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1701 - 40 First Nation tribes, French Colonial Government signed Great Peace of Montreal
On August 4, 1701, some 40 Aboriginal nations gathered in Montreal. On that day, their representatives dinged the Treaty of Montreal. People in Montreal would remember this ceremony for a long time....Read MORE...

Canada 1702 - Having begun in Europe in 1701, The War of the Spanish Succession spreads to North America (Queen Anne's War) in Acadia and New England. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1707 Death
"Catherine Barre died in the heat of the summer of 1707. On Sunday, 17 July, her mortal remains were laid to rest in the cemetery of Quebec. Father Francois Dupre mentioned in the registry the name of only a single witness, Jean Brassard, the sexton. He recorded Catherine's age as 70."

Thomas J. ...

Added: 3/12/2009 6:15:28 PM

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