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Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

Angers, France - Château d'Angers
The Château d'Angers is a castle in the city of Angers in the Loire Valley, in the département of Maine-et-Loire, in France. Founded in the 9th century by the Counts of Anjou, was expanded to its current size in the 13th century. wikipedia
Angers, France
Château d'Angers
The Château d'Angers is a castle in the city of Angers in the Loire Valley, in the département of Maine-et-Loire, in France. Founded in the 9th century by the Counts of Anjou, was... Read MORE...

Angers, France -
Angers, France


Angers, France -
Angers, France


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immigrant Fille a Marier France  Jacqueline Marie (Jacquette)  Freslon

  (b. 28 January 1635 Angers, France   d. 17 April 1712Neuville, Portneuf, Canada, New France )  

Jacqueline Marie (Jacquette) Freslon was born 28 January 1635 in Angers, France. Jacqueline Marie (Jacquette) Freslon was the child of

Jacqueline Marie (Jacquette) was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1663.

She married  François Garnier (Grenier) dit Pellerin January 1663 in Québec, Canada, New France (Quebec City) .  The couple had (at least) 8 children. François Garnier (Grenier) dit Pellerin  was born 26 February 1638 in Le Mans, France .  He died 21 January 1719 in Neuville, Portneuf, Québec, Canada . 

Jacqueline Marie (Jacquette) Freslon died 17 April 1712 in Neuville, Portneuf, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

daughter of Rene Freslon and Renee Armage

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Jacqueline Marie (Jacquette) Freslon married immigrant France François Garnier (Grenier) dit Pellerin-- Date: January 1663 Place: Québec, Canada, New France (Quebec City) Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin. 

Notre-Dame-de-Quebec, Quebec, Canada

Source: Les Vieilles Families D'Yamahiche, Vingt-Cinq Genealogies by F. L. Desaulniers, Montreal, 1900

"Francois most likely arrived in New France around the end of the 1650's. On 12 December 1662, notary Guillaume Audouart of Saint-Germain drew up the clauses of Francois's marriage contract with Jacqueline Freslon, born in 1638 from the union of Rene Freslon and Renee Armange, from the parish of Trinity, in the town of Angers, Anjou (Maine et Loire). The nuptial ceremony took place a few weeks later in the parish church of Quebec on 9 January 1663."

Thomas J. Laforest
Our French-Canadian Ancestors : Volume IV, Page 110
Updated: 3/21/2010

Canada/New France Isaac-Joseph Garnier (Grenier) (b.27 November 1663, Sillery, Québec, Canada, New France*   d. 30 March 1745, Lotbinière, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Jeanne Garnier (b.22 March 1665, Sillery, Québec, Canada, New France*   d. , )

Canada/New France Marie-Étiennette Garnier (Grenier) (b.14 April 1666, Sillery, Québec, Canada, New France*   d. 18 June 1703, Saint-François-du-Lac, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Marie-Françoise Garnier (Grenier) (b.18 October 1668, Sillery, Québec, Canada, New France*   d. ,  )

Canada/New France Geneviève-Jacqueline Garnier (Grenier) (b.5 October 1670, Sillery, Québec, Canada, New France*   d. 22 August 1745, Neuville, Portneuf, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Étienne Garnier (Grenier) dit Pellerin (b.28 October 1673, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 5 May 1732, Neuville, Portneuf, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Louise-Angélique Garnier (Grenier) (b.27 October 1676, Neuville, Portneuf, Canada, New France   d. ,  )

Canada/New France Marie-Angélique Garnier (Grenier) (b.11 June 1679, Neuville, Portneuf, Canada, New France   d. 2 February 1703, Neuville, Portneuf, Canada, New France )

Lifetime Events

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Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (
Added: 9/15/2010 11:08:35 AM - Beckie  Updated: 9/15/2010 11:08:45 AM - Beckie

France 1638 - King Louis XIV born in France
History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon

Thunderworks ( -

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne

France 1659 - France and Spain sign the Treaty of the Pyrenees.

France On August 26, 1660, Louis XIV made a triumphal entry into Paris with his wife, Marie-Therese. The royal couple took their places...
Louis XIV wasn't just a ceremonial king who represents the kingdom, but makes no decisions of his own... His regime was considered an absolute monarchy, and Louis XIV was the sole master. No...Read MORE...

1663 Marriage / Partner
Jacqueline Marie (Jacquette) Freslon and François Garnier (Grenier) dit Pellerin January 1663, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Canada 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced...Read MORE...

1663 Birth of Child
Isaac-Joseph Garnier (Grenier) was born 27 November 1663, Sillery, Québec, Québec, Canada*

1665 Birth of Child
Jeanne Garnier was born 22 March 1665, Sillery, Québec, Québec, Canada*

1666 Sainct Jean, Sainct Francois & Sainct Michel
françois garnier - 28 habittant

Jacqueline freslon - 28 sa femme

Isaac Joseph garnier - 2 fils

et pierre - .25 Engaigé domestique
The first census of New France (1666)
Added: - Beckie  Updated: -

Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1666 Birth of Child
Marie-Étiennette Garnier (Grenier) was born 14 April 1666, Sillery, Québec, Québec, Canada*

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...

Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1668 Birth of Child
Marie-Françoise Garnier (Grenier) was born 18 October 1668, Sillery, Québec, Québec, Canada*

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1670 Birth of Child
Geneviève-Jacqueline Garnier (Grenier) was born 5 October 1670, Sillery, Québec, Québec, Canada*

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...

Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1673 Birth of Child
Étienne Garnier (Grenier) dit Pellerin was born 28 October 1673, Québec, Québec, Canada

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1676 Birth of Child
Louise-Angélique Garnier (Grenier) was born 27 October 1676, Neuville, Portneuf, Québec, Canada

1679 Birth of Child
Marie-Angélique Garnier (Grenier) was born 11 June 1679, Neuville, Portneuf, Québec, Canada

1681 Canadian Census Signeurie de Dombour Neuville
Francois Garnier (dit Pellerin), 45
Jacqueline Freslon, sa femme, 44
Joseph, 18
Marie, 16
Francois, 13
Genevieve, 11
Etienne, 8
Louise, 5
Angelique, 4

Source: Histoire des Canadiens-Francais 1608-1880 by Benjamin Sulte, Montreal, 1882
Added: 3/1/2010 11:45:08 AM - Beckie  Updated: 3/1/2010 11:45:08 AM -

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake St. Louis, its widest point in the Montreal area. On the opposite shore, the inhabitants of the...Read MORE...

Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps. acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October) about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1701 - 40 First Nation tribes, French Colonial Government signed Great Peace of Montreal
On August 4, 1701, some 40 Aboriginal nations gathered in Montreal. On that day, their representatives dinged the Treaty of Montreal. People in Montreal would remember this ceremony for a long time....Read MORE...

Canada 1702 - Having begun in Europe in 1701, The War of the Spanish Succession spreads to North America (Queen Anne's War) in Acadia and New England. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1703 Death of Child
Marie-Angélique Garnier (Grenier) died 2 February 1703, Neuville, Portneuf, Québec, Canada

1703 Death of Child
Marie-Étiennette Garnier (Grenier) died 18 June 1703, Saint-François-du-Lac, Québec, Canada

Canada 1710 - British Capture Port Royal, Rename Fort Anne
The Acadian community of Port Royal is captured by Francis Nickolson for the British and renamed it Fort Anne, and the community, Annapolis Royal. Daniel d'Auger de Subercase (1661-1732), with less...Read MORE...

1712 Death

Added: 12/16/1999 12:00:00 AM

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