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Did You Know?Acadia - Did you know? In Acadia, 'feux-follets are spirits of the damned that temporarily leave a person's body and wander at night in the shape of a small flame.'

Source: Acadian Culture in Maine: Oral Traditions - University of Maine at Fort Kent (acim.umfk.maine.edu/oral_traditions.html)



Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? The life of the French-Canadians in Quebec was largely agrarian. It was a system where each household grew, produced or bartered for everything the family needed to survive. By the mid-1800s, as the population grew and family farms could no longer support succeeding generations, many left behind this self-sufficient life style for one based on wage labor in the mills. Eventually, one third of Quebec's population left Canada for mill villages in New England where they gathered in close-knit ethnic communities.

Source: French-Canadian Culture (www.woonsocket.org)


Lotbinière, Québec, Canada  - Église St. Louis de Lotbinière 7510 rue Marie-Victorin, Lotbinière
Érigée en 1818
http://www.migrations.fr/eglisesdenosancetres2.htm
Lotbinière, Québec, Canada
Église St. Louis de Lotbinière 7510 rue Marie-Victorin, Lotbinière
Érigée en 1818
www.migrations.fr/ eglisesdenosancetres2.htm
Photograph 



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Acadian Exile - Grand Derangement Acadia  Jean  Bernard

  (b. abt. 1727, Acadia, Canada   d. 22 September 1829Lotbinière, Québec, Canada )  

Jean Bernard was born abt. 1727 in , Acadia, Canada . Jean Bernard was the child of René Bernard and Anne Belou and the grandchild of: (paternal)  René Bernard and Madeleine Doucet (maternal)  Jacques Belou and Marie Girouard

He married  Françoise Richard abt. 1754 in Acadia, Canada (Acadie) .  The couple had (at least) 1 child. Françoise Richard  was born abt. 1734 in , Acadia, Canada .  She died 24 September 1805 in Lotbinière, Québec, Canada .  She was the daughter of Martin Richard and Marie Cormier.

Jean Bernard died 22 September 1829 in Lotbinière, Québec, Canada .


Map of where my ancestors came from Ancestral Map Family Tree Family Tree Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions


Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)


Jean Bernard married Acadian Exile - Grand Derangement Acadia Françoise Richard-- Date: abt. 1754 Place: , Acadia, Canada (Acadie)
Le Programme de recherche en démographie historique - Univeriste de Montreal 


Françoise Richard was the daughter of Martin Richard and Marie Cormier




Added: 9/20/2015 9:23:50 AM  

Children:
Canada/New France Pelagie Bernard (b.22 March 1774, Lotbinière, Québec, Canada   d. 27 February 1805, Lotbinière, Québec, Canada )



Lifetime Events

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News By 1730, the majority of Acadians had signed an oath swearing allegiance to the British Crown, but they insisted they would not fight either the French or the native Indians.

www.cbc.ca/ acadian/ timeline.html -

Canada In 1745 Louisbourg fell to British forces from New England.
An expedition organized by Massachusetts Governor William Shirley besieged and ultimately captured the French fortress of Louisbourg, on Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia, in 1745 as part of King...Read MORE...


Canada The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle returned Louisbourg to the French in 1748

www.cbc.ca/ acadian/ timeline.html -

News 1749--French population of the whole of the Acadian Peninsula : 13,000

www.statcan.gc.ca -

Canada 1749 - 2,576 settlers are brought to Acadia by the British. Halifax is founded. www.acadian-cajun.com/ acadtime.htm
The establishment of Halifax in 1749 engrained a solid colonized British presence on the Atlantic Coast.

Britain founds Halifax to counter the French presence at Louisbourg.
www.cbc.ca/ acadian/ timeline.html -

News 1750 - LeLoutre gets the Indians to burn Beaubassin to get Acadians over to French territory.

www.acadian-cajun.com/ acadtime.htm -

Canada 1750 - German immigrants begin to arrive in numbers at Halifax.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1752 - Canada's first newspaper, the weekly Halifax Gazette, appears (March 23).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Invention 1753 - The lightning rod is invented (Benjamin Franklin, United States)
Those of our Readers in this and the neighboring Provinces, who may have had an Opportunity of observing, during the present Summer, and of the Effects of Lightning on Houses, Ships, Trees, &c. are...Read MORE...


News 1754 - At the beginning of the French and Indian War of 1754,
the British government demanded that Acadians take an oath of allegiance to the Crown that included fighting against the French. Most of them refused.
www.cbc.ca/ acadian/ timeline.html -

World History 1754 - Beginning of the French and Indian War between Great Britain and France for control of the North American colonies. It is part of the Seven Years War.



Acadia 1755
Beginning of the Acadian Expulsion on July 28

World History (1756 - 1763) Seven Years War - France, Great Britain clashed in Europe and North America; France, Russia, Austria, Saxony, Sweden and Spain sided against Britain, Prussia and Hanover

www.worldatlas.com/ webimage/ countrys/ asia/ russia/ rutimeln.htm -

News 1758 - The Acadians who fled to Ile St. Jean and Ile Royale are rounded up and 3000+ are sent to France.
Two of the ships are unseaworthy and sink ... hundreds of Acadians perish. The ones who make it to France initially settle in northwestern France, around St. Malo and Morlaix.
www.acadian-cajun.com/ acadtime.htm -

Canada 1759 - British troops defeated French troops in Battle of Plains of Abraham near Quebec City

Québec a Nation History (Part 15) (www.youtube.com) -

News 1763 - The war between the French and the British is over. Acadians who have survived the interrment in England are sent to France. Some Acadians try to return to Acadia (now Nova Scotia) and find their land settled by others. www.acadian-cajun.com/
When France signed the Treaty of Paris in 1763, it gave Great Britain its colonial possessions in North America, except the islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon, off the coast of...Read MORE...


Canada 1763 - France cedes its North American posessions to Britain by the Treaty of Paris, ending the Seven Years War (French and Indian War). Quebec City French-speaking Catholics were now under the rule of Protestant Britain.
In 1763, England was convinced, mistakenly, that it was inheriting a French society but the new colonial authorities did not fully understand the reality. The former subjects of the king of France...Read MORE...


News 1764 - British authorities in 1764 allowed Acadians to return in small isolated groups.
They returned slowly, settling in various locations on mainland Nova Scotia and Cape Breton Island. Others ended up in Newfoundland, the West Indies and even the Falkland Islands.

www.cbc.ca/ acadian/ timeline.html -

1774 Birth of Child
Pelagie Bernard was born 22 March 1774, Lotbinière, Québec, Canada

Canada At the beginning of the American Revolution in 1775, American rebels invade Canada
but despite the efforts of rebel spies to entice Quebec to join the revolution, les Canadiens refuse to take up arms against British rule, and the invasion ultimately fails. The mass migration of...Read MORE...


Canada 1775 - The Battle of Québec was fought on December 31 between the American Continental Army and British defenders of Québec City. It was the first major defeat for the Americans in the Revolutionary War.
On December 31, 1775, during the American Revolutionary War (1775-83), Patriot forces under Colonel Benedict Arnold (1741-1801) and General Richard Montgomery (1738-75) attempted to capture the...Read MORE...


World History February 6, 1778 - France signed the Treaty of Alliance with the United States.


World History June 1779 - Spain entered Revolutionary War in favor of Americans.


Invention 1784 - The bifocal lens is invented (Benjamin Franklin, United States)
"While living in Paris, Franklin hated having to change constantly from reading glasses to distance glasses. He directed an optician to cut two pairs of lenses horizontally in half and mount them in...Read MORE...


Invention 1784 - The oil lamp is invented (Aimé Argand, Switzerland)
"Argand burner, first scientifically constructed oil lamp, patented in 1784 in England by a Swiss, Aimé Argand. The first basic change in lamps in thousands of years, it applied a principle that was...Read MORE...


Canada 1791 - The Constitutional Act divides Québec into Upper and Lower Canada
The Constitutional Act of 1791 was an Act of the British Parliament creating Upper Canada and Lower Canada. Although it was a first step towards Canadian Confederation, its rigid colonial structures...Read MORE...


Invention 1793 - The cotton gin is invented (Eli Whitney, United States)
"In 1793, Eli Whitney invented a simple machine that influenced the history of the United States. He invented a cotton gin that was popular in the South. The South became the cotton producing part...Read MORE...


World History 1796 - Napoleon Bonaparte assumes command of the Army of Italy


World History 1799 - Rosetta Stone discovered


Invention 1800 - Electric storage battery is invented (Alessandro Volta, Italy)
...Probably the most important developments in the science of electricity started with the invention of the first battery in 1800 by Alessandro Volta. This battery gave the world its first...Read MORE...


World History 1801 - Act of Union between Great Britain and Ireland creates the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland


World History 1805 - Treaty of Pressburg formally dissolves the Holy Roman Empire


1805 Death of Child
Pelagie Bernard died 27 February 1805, Lotbinière, Québec, Canada

1805 Death of Spouse/Partner
Françoise Richard died 24 September 1805, Lotbinière, Québec, Canada

Canada 1812 - War of 1812 - second invasion of Canada by Americans (www.worldatlas.com)
At the outbreak of hostilities, the U.S. Army was a poorly equipped force of fewer than 7,000 men, many of them "complete amateurs with virtually no training or discipline," said historian Alan...Read MORE...


Canada When the next American invaders arrive in 1812, they are fought to a stand-still at the battles of Queenston Heights, Chateauguay and Lundy's Lane, setting boundaries that remain today.

Canada: A People's History (www.cbc.ca/ history/ ) -

World History 1812 - Napoleon leads French invasion of Russia, resulting in catastrophic defeat for French. War of 1812 begins with U.S. declaration of war on the United Kingdom.


World History 1814 - Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to St. Elba according to the terms of the Treaty of Fontainebleau. Representatives from Austria, Russia, Prussia, Britain, and France meet at the Congress of Vienna to discuss future of Europe.


World History 1815 - The War of 1812 ends with the Treaty of Ghent. Napoleon escapes Elba in an attempt to reestablish his power. Coalition forces defeat him at the battle of Waterloo.


Invention 1817 - The bicycle is invented (Baron Karl de Drais de Sauerbrun, Germany)
"... The first known bicyclist was the Comte de Sivrac, who was seen riding a two-wheel 'wooden horse' in Paris in 1791, the Smithsonian reports. Among its many drawbacks was that it was impossible...Read MORE...


Canada 1818 - Canada's border is defined as the 49th Parallel from Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ 1800-to-1867.html -

Invention 1824 - Portland cement is invented (Joseph Aspdin, England)
One of the greatest commodities in the United States today is a greyish powder commonly sold in 50-pound bags for about 10 cents a pound.

Modern Portland cement has a rather short but fabulous...Read MORE...


Invention 1825 - The locomotive is invented (George Stephenson, England)
"... in 1811 George Stephenson made an engine. 'At last something practical has been designed,' thought many. George improved his design, and by 1825 his locomotion was on the rails. This was the...Read MORE...


Invention 1826 - The gas stove is invented (James Sharp, UK)
...John Baptist von Helmont, born at Brussels in 1677, while engaged in chemical research, discovered gas and named it. An English rector, Rev. Dr. John Clayton, discovered coal gas in 1792, thereby...Read MORE...


Invention 1827 - Matches are invented (John Walker, England)
In 1827 the first friction match was invented in England by John Walker. Walker's matches were sticks tipped with a mixture of chemicals that burst into flame when scratched against a rough...Read MORE...


Death
22 September 1829
Lotbinière, Québec, Canada



Added: 9/20/2015 9:22:12 AM




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