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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? Women wore shirts and skirts made of linen, cotton and hemp. Men wore knee breeches (pants that tied at the knee) and jerkins (jackets). They also wore wide-brimmed hats and tapabords (with earflaps). To survive the cold winter, the habitant copied some of the Amerindian clothing. He wore mittens and moose leather boots lined with beaver fur and a fur-lined coat (pelise). To walk in the snow, he wore snowshoes and loaded his provisions on a toboggan.

Source: ON/ LakeheadUniversity/ NewFranceWQ/ wqr6.aspx

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

Poitiers, France -
Poitiers, France


Poitiers, France -
Poitiers, France


Poitiers, France -
Poitiers, France


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immigrant Fille a Marier flag  Jeanne  Herault

  (b. 4 May 1624Poitiers, France   d. 9 January 1677Montréal, Canada, New France )  

Jeanne Herault was born 4 May 1624 in Poitiers, France. Jeanne Herault was the child of

Jeanne was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1658.

She married  René Filiatrault 22 October 1658 in Montréal, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 1 child. René Filiatrault  was born 1632 in , France .  He died 27 June 1678 in Montréal, Québec, Canada . 

Jeanne Herault died 9 January 1677 in Montréal, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

daughter of Francois Herault and Marie Sugueline?

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Jeanne Herault married immigrant flag René Filiatrault-- Date: 22 October 1658 Place: Montréal, Canada, New France

Added: 8/21/2015 4:14:33 PM  

flag Nicole Filiatrault (b.30 April 1662, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. , )

Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (
Added: 2/6/2016 8:41:54 AM - Beckie  Updated: -

1658 Marriage / Partner
Jeanne Herault and René Filiatrault 22 October 1658, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1662 Birth of Child
Nicole Filiatrault was born 30 April 1662, Montréal, Québec, Canada

9 January 1677
Montréal, Québec, Canada

Added: 8/21/2015 4:14:03 PM

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