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Did You Know? The Seigneurial System (1627 - 1854)
The seigneurial system was a form of land settlement modeled on the French feudal system. It began in New France in 1627 with the formation of the Compagnie des Cent-Associés (or Company of 100 Associates), which was initially responsible for handing out land grants and seigneurial rights. The land was divided into five by 15 kilometer plots, usually along major rivers like the St. Lawrence. They were then further subdivided into narrow, but long lots for settlement. These lots were usually long enough to be suitable for faming, and they provided everyone who lived on them with equal access to neighbouring farms and the river. There were three main groups of people who lived off the land in this system: Seigneurs, Habitants and Engagés

Theodore Sureau was a habitant.
Habitants were usually farmers or labourers who were initially brought over from France to live on this land. They had to pay rent and taxes to the seigneur, though they co-owned the land with the seigneur, and even had to work entirely for the benefit of the seigneur a few days each year.

Source: Canada in the Making (www.canadiana.ca/citm/index_e.html)


Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? Among Catholics, choice of first name wasn’t left to chance or parents’ imagination. On the contrary, the church liked to control the attribution of first names to ensure that on the day they were baptised, children received the name of a saint who would guide them throughout their life.

Source: www.genealogie.umontreal.ca/ en/ nomsPrenoms.htm


Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.


Theodore Sureau - Habitants played an essential role in creating a permanent, settled population along the St. Lawrenc
Theodore Sureau

Habitants played an essential role in creating a permanent, settled population along the St. Lawrence River. But it was not an easy life...

Habitants had to clear the land, build a homestead, and plant and harvest a crop. The first task was never-ending, while the last one was annual. Building and repairing the house and barn were continual tasks. So were cutting and hauling firewood. The habitants had to be largely self-reliant in looking after all routine tasks such as cooking, baking, making furniture, and repairing tools. They had to attend to the educational and medical needs of the family. They had to endure the harsh physical climate and rough terrain, largely unaided by government support. The habitants had to pay taxes to the seigneurs and the church.

Canada: The Story of Our Heritage
by Elspeth Deir, John Fielding, Nick Brune, Peter Grant, Stephanie Smith Abram
McGraw-Hill Ryerson School, 2000
Habitants by Cornelius Krieghoff (1852) wikipedia




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immigrant flag  Theodore  Sureau

  (b. 13 May 1627, France   d. 4 October 1677, Québec Province, Canada )  

Theodore Sureau was born 13 May 1627 in , France. Theodore Sureau was the child of

Theodore was an immigrant to Canada, arriving by 1663.

He married  Françoise Brunet 8 November 1663 in Québec, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 1 child. Françoise Brunet  was born 1635 in , France .  She died 20 July 1668 in Lauzon, Lévis, Québec, Canada (Saint-Joseph-de-la-Pointe-de-Lévy) . 

Theodore Sureau died 4 October 1677 in , Québec Province, Canada .


Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions



Occupation: habitant

son of Denis Sureau and Marie Laguise

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)


Theodore Sureau married immigrant Fille du Roi flag Françoise Brunet-- Date: 8 November 1663 Place: Québec, Canada, New France
Notre-Dame

Added: 5/5/2015 11:42:56 AM  

Children:
flag Geneviève Sureau (b.2 October 1664, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 19 October 1711, Québec, Canada, New France )




1663 Marriage / Partner
Theodore Sureau and Françoise Brunet 8 November 1663, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1664 Birth of Child
Geneviève Sureau was born 2 October 1664, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1668 Death of Spouse/Partner
Françoise Brunet died 20 July 1668, Lauzon, Lévis, Québec, Canada (Saint-Joseph-de-la-Pointe-de-Lévy)

Death
4 October 1677
, Québec Province, Canada (Quebec)



Added: 5/5/2015 11:41:38 AM

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