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Did You Know? The Seigneurial System (1627 - 1854)
The seigneurial system was a form of land settlement modeled on the French feudal system. It began in New France in 1627 with the formation of the Compagnie des Cent-Associés (or Company of 100 Associates), which was initially responsible for handing out land grants and seigneurial rights. The land was divided into five by 15 kilometer plots, usually along major rivers like the St. Lawrence. They were then further subdivided into narrow, but long lots for settlement. These lots were usually long enough to be suitable for faming, and they provided everyone who lived on them with equal access to neighbouring farms and the river. There were three main groups of people who lived off the land in this system: Seigneurs, Habitants and Engagés

Isaac-Alexandre Berthier was a seigneur.
Seigneurs were the most important colonists, as they were usually in the military or aristocracy prior to being a settler. These seigneurs then were charged with the task of subdividing large parcels of land into five by 15 kilometer concessions, then renting this land to a habitant. Under regulations set up by the French government in France, the seigneur could also set up a court of law, set up a mill on his land and organize a commune.

Source: Canada in the Making (

Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? The habitant was inordinately fond of sour milk. Tea was scarce and costly. Brandy was imported in huge quantities. Every parish in the colony had its grog-shop; in 1725 the King ordered that no parish should have more than two. Quebec had a dozen or more, and complaint was made that the people flocked to these resorts early in the morning, thus rendering themselves unfit for work during most of the day, and soon ruining their health into the bargain.

Source: Daily Life in New France ( french/ daily_life_in_new_france.htm)

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

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immigrant Carignan-Salières Soldier flag  Isaac-Alexandre  Berthier

  (b. abt. 1638, France   d. December 1708Berthier-sur-Mer, Canada, New France )  

Isaac-Alexandre Berthier was born abt. 1638 in , France. Isaac-Alexandre Berthier was the child of

Isaac-Alexandre was a Carignan-Salières soldier, arriving in New France in 1665.

He married  Marie Legardeur 10 November 1672 in Québec, Canada, New France .  Marie Legardeur  was born 11 February 1651 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) .  She died abt. 1681 in , Québec Province, Canada (Quebec) .  She was the daughter of Charles Legardeur and Geneviève Juchereau.

Isaac-Alexandre Berthier died December 1708 in Berthier-sur-Mer, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Occupation: captain in the Régiment de l’Allier and often called captain in the Carignan regiment, seigneur

son of Pierre Berthier and Marie Bariac

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Isaac-Alexandre Berthier married flag Marie Legardeur-- Date: 10 November 1672 Place: Québec, Canada, New France
Marie Legardeur was the daughter of Charles Legardeur and Geneviève Juchereau

Added: 5/4/2015 3:18:53 PM  

BERTHIER, ISAAC, called Alexandre after 1665, captain in the Régiment de l’Allier and often called captain in the Carignan regiment, seigneur; son of Pierre Berthier and Marguerite Bariac; b. 1638 at Bergerac in the bishopric of Périgueux; d. 1708 on his seigneury of Bellechasse.

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1672 Marriage / Partner
Isaac-Alexandre Berthier and Marie Legardeur 10 November 1672, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

December 1708
Berthier-sur-Mer, Québec, Canada (Berthier-en-Bas) (Berthier)

Added: 5/4/2015 3:18:26 PM

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