The Seigneurial System (1627 - 1854)
The seigneurial system was a form of land settlement modeled on the French feudal system. It began in New France in 1627 with the formation of the Compagnie des Cent-Associés (or Company of 100 Associates), which was initially responsible for handing out land grants and seigneurial rights.
The land was divided into five by 15 kilometer plots, usually along major rivers like the St. Lawrence. They were then further subdivided into narrow, but long lots for settlement. These lots were usually long enough to be suitable for faming, and they provided everyone who lived on them with equal access to neighbouring farms and the river.
There were three main groups of people who lived off the land in this system: Seigneurs, Habitants and Engagés
Isaac-Alexandre Berthier was a seigneur.
Seigneurs were the most important colonists, as they were usually in the military or aristocracy prior to being a settler. These seigneurs then were charged with the task of subdividing large parcels of land into five by 15 kilometer concessions, then renting this land to a habitant. Under regulations set up by the French government in France, the seigneur could also set up a court of law, set up a mill on his land and organize a commune.
Source: Canada in the Making (www.canadiana.ca/citm/index_e.html)
Quebec - Did you know?Habitants spent the wintertime cleaning and repairing tools and tending the animals. In spring they planted crops, took animals to pasture, and fixed fences. They ploughed the land with a team of oxen, then seeded it. They also cultivated a vegetable garden. In summer the entire family worked in the fields from sunrise until sunset. In late summer, they harvested grain crops and took them to the seigneur’s mill for grinding. In the autumn, they put up preserves, chopped and stacked firewood, brought in animals, butchered and salted the meat, which they put into barrels, and prepared the soil for next season’s crop.
Source: Elspeth Deir et al., Canada: The story of our heritage, Grade 7 (Whitby, ON: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 2000)
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He married Marie Legardeur
10 November 1672
in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
was born 11 February 1651
in Québec, Québec, Canada
She died abt. 1681
in , Québec Province, Canada
She was the daughter of Charles Legardeur and Geneviève Juchereau.
Isaac-Alexandre Berthier died December 1708
in Berthier-sur-Mer, Québec, Canada .
Biography BERTHIER, ISAAC, called Alexandre after 1665, captain in the Régiment de l’Allier and often called captain in the Carignan regiment, seigneur; son of Pierre Berthier and Marguerite Bariac; b. 1638 at Bergerac in the bishopric of Périgueux; d. 1708 on his seigneury of Bellechasse.
Death December 1708 Berthier-sur-Mer, Québec, Canada
Added: 5/4/2015 3:18:26 PM
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