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Did You Know? The Seigneurial System (1627 - 1854)
The seigneurial system was a form of land settlement modeled on the French feudal system. It began in New France in 1627 with the formation of the Compagnie des Cent-Associés (or Company of 100 Associates), which was initially responsible for handing out land grants and seigneurial rights. The land was divided into five by 15 kilometer plots, usually along major rivers like the St. Lawrence. They were then further subdivided into narrow, but long lots for settlement. These lots were usually long enough to be suitable for faming, and they provided everyone who lived on them with equal access to neighbouring farms and the river. There were three main groups of people who lived off the land in this system: Seigneurs, Habitants and Engagés

Isaac-Alexandre Berthier was a seigneur.
Seigneurs were the most important colonists, as they were usually in the military or aristocracy prior to being a settler. These seigneurs then were charged with the task of subdividing large parcels of land into five by 15 kilometer concessions, then renting this land to a habitant. Under regulations set up by the French government in France, the seigneur could also set up a court of law, set up a mill on his land and organize a commune.

Source: Canada in the Making (www.canadiana.ca/citm/index_e.html)


Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? an old farmer in a parish [in the province of Quebec] gave a good thrashing to a boy who had innocently killed a small yellow snake which he had seen crawling along the grass in front of his house. The old man said that he would have preferred losing his best horse rather than see that snake killed. It had been living in his cellar for some years past, and he considered it as a good lutin [spirit] which brought him luck and prosperity.

Source: The Journal of American Folklore, Vol. 5, No. 19, Oct. - Dec., 1892, Lutins in the Province of Quebec



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immigrant Carignan-Salières Soldier France  Isaac-Alexandre  Berthier

  (b. abt. 1638, France   d. December 1708Berthier-sur-Mer, Québec, Canada )  

Isaac-Alexandre Berthier was born abt. 1638 in , France. Isaac-Alexandre Berthier was the child of

Isaac-Alexandre was a Carignan-Salières soldier, arriving in New France in 1665.

He married  Marie Legardeur 10 November 1672 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) .  Marie Legardeur  was born 11 February 1651 in Québec, Québec, Canada .  She died abt. 1681 in , Québec Province, Canada .  She was the daughter of Charles Legardeur and Geneviève Juchereau.

Isaac-Alexandre Berthier died December 1708 in Berthier-sur-Mer, Québec, Canada .


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Occupation: captain in the Régiment de l’Allier and often called captain in the Carignan regiment, seigneur

son of Pierre Berthier and Marie Bariac

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)


Isaac-Alexandre Berthier married Canada/New France Marie Legardeur-- Date: 10 November 1672 Place: Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
Marie Legardeur was the daughter of Charles Legardeur and Geneviève Juchereau




Added: 5/4/2015 3:18:53 PM  


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Biography
BERTHIER, ISAAC, called Alexandre after 1665, captain in the Régiment de l’Allier and often called captain in the Carignan regiment, seigneur; son of Pierre Berthier and Marguerite Bariac; b. 1638 at Bergerac in the bishopric of Périgueux; d. 1708 on his seigneury of Bellechasse.

We have little...Read MORE...


France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne


France 1659 - France and Spain sign the Treaty of the Pyrenees.


France On August 26, 1660, Louis XIV made a triumphal entry into Paris with his wife, Marie-Therese. The royal couple took their places...
Louis XIV wasn't just a ceremonial king who represents the kingdom, but makes no decisions of his own... His regime was considered an absolute monarchy, and Louis XIV was the sole master. No...Read MORE...


1672 Marriage / Partner
Isaac-Alexandre Berthier and Marie Legardeur 10 November 1672, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...


Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake St. Louis, its widest point in the Montreal area. On the opposite shore, the inhabitants of the...Read MORE...


Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps.

www.acadian-cajun.com/ acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October)

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1701 - 40 First Nation tribes, French Colonial Government signed Great Peace of Montreal
On August 4, 1701, some 40 Aboriginal nations gathered in Montreal. On that day, their representatives dinged the Treaty of Montreal. People in Montreal would remember this ceremony for a long time....Read MORE...


Canada 1702 - Having begun in Europe in 1701, The War of the Spanish Succession spreads to North America (Queen Anne's War) in Acadia and New England.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Death
December 1708
Berthier-sur-Mer, Québec, Canada



Added: 5/4/2015 3:18:26 PM




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