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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? In the mid 1600s, pro-birth measures were put in place to encourage population growth in New France. Allowances were granted to familes with ten or more children. Bonuses were provided to men who married before age 20 and to women who married before age 16. Free education was promised to the 26th child! (Yes, the 26th child.)

Source: History of Quebec for Dummies by Eric Bedard, published by John Wiley & Sons, Canada, Ltd.



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immigrant Fille a Marier France  Esther  de Lambourg

  (b. abt. 1630, France   d. 19 April 1687Québec, Québec, Canada )  

Esther de Lambourg was born abt. 1630 in , France. Esther de Lambourg was the child of

Esther was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1649.

She married  Guillaume Gauthier de la Chenaye .  The couple had (at least) 4 children. Guillaume Gauthier de la Chenaye  was born abt. 1620 in Paris, France .  He died 26 July 1657 in Québec, Québec, Canada . 

Esther de Lambourg died 19 April 1687 in Québec, Québec, Canada .


Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions



daughter of Nicolas de Lambourg and Madeleine de Guiart

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)


Esther de Lambourg married immigrant France Guillaume Gauthier de la Chenaye-- Place: , Québec Province, Canada (Quebec) (New France)


Added: 5/4/2015 11:25:05 AM  
Updated: 2/5/2016 4:41:14 PM


Children:
Canada/New France Marie-Madeleine Gauthier (b.10 October 1649, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. , )

Canada/New France Anne Gauthier (b.19 January 1652, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. abt. 1706, )

Canada/New France Guillaume Gauthier (b.17 June 1653, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. 5 April 1720, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Ignace Gauthier (b.7 January 1655, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. , )



Lifetime Events

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Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (http://www.thinal.co.cc/weallcamefromsomewhere/Kebec/filles_marier.html)
Added: 2/5/2016 4:41:47 PM - Beckie  Updated: -

France 1635 - France enters Thirty Years War as an active combatant. Franco-Spanish War begins.


France 1638 - King Louis XIV born in France
History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon


Thunderworks (www.youtube.com) -

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne


1649 Birth of Child
Marie-Madeleine Gauthier was born 10 October 1649, Québec, Québec, Canada

1652 Birth of Child
Anne Gauthier was born 19 January 1652, Québec, Québec, Canada

1653 Birth of Child
Guillaume Gauthier was born 17 June 1653, Québec, Québec, Canada

1655 Birth of Child
Ignace Gauthier was born 7 January 1655, Québec, Québec, Canada

1657 Death of Spouse/Partner
Guillaume Gauthier de la Chenaye died 26 July 1657, Québec, Québec, Canada

Canada 1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced...Read MORE...


Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...


Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...


Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Death
19 April 1687
Québec, Québec, Canada



Added: 5/4/2015 11:24:32 AM




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