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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? In New France, the habitant's homes were commonly built of felled timber or of rough-hewn stone, solid, low, stocky buildings, usually about twenty by forty feet or thereabouts in size, with a single doorway and very few windows. The roofs were steep-pitched, with a dormer window or two thrust out on either side, the eaves projecting well over the walls in such manner as to give the structures a half-bungalow appearance. With almost religious punctuality the habitants whitewashed the outside of their walls every spring, so that from the river the country houses looked trim and neat at all seasons.

Source: Daily Life in New France ( french/ daily_life_in_new_france.htm)

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) - Cathedral-Basilica of Notre-Dame de Québec
16, rue de Buade, Quebec City, Quebec
Located on this site since 1647, the cathedral has twice been destroyed by fire throughout the centuries.
Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
Cathedral-Basilica of Notre-Dame de Québec
16, rue de Buade, Quebec City, Quebec
Located on this site since 1647, the cathedral has twice been destroyed by fire throughout the centuries.

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immigrant Fille a Marier flag  Esther  de Lambourg

  (b. abt. 1630, France   d. 19 April 1687Québec, Canada, New France )  

Esther de Lambourg was born abt. 1630 in , France. Esther de Lambourg was the child of

Esther was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1649.

She married  Guillaume Gauthier de la Chenaye .  The couple had (at least) 4 children. Guillaume Gauthier de la Chenaye  was born abt. 1620 in Paris, France .  He died 26 July 1657 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) . 

Esther de Lambourg died 19 April 1687 in Québec, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

daughter of Nicolas de Lambourg and Madeleine de Guiart

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Esther de Lambourg married immigrant flag Guillaume Gauthier de la Chenaye-- Place: , Québec Province, Canada

Added: 5/4/2015 11:25:05 AM  
Updated: 2/5/2016 4:41:14 PM

flag Marie-Madeleine Gauthier (b.10 October 1649, Québec, Canada, New France   d. , )

flag Anne Gauthier (b.19 January 1652, Québec, Canada, New France   d. abt. 1706, )

flag Guillaume Gauthier (b.17 June 1653, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 5 April 1720, Château-Richer, Canada, New France )

flag Ignace Gauthier (b.7 January 1655, Québec, Canada, New France   d. , )

Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (
Added: 2/5/2016 4:41:47 PM - Beckie  Updated: -

1649 Birth of Child
Marie-Madeleine Gauthier was born 10 October 1649, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1652 Birth of Child
Anne Gauthier was born 19 January 1652, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1653 Birth of Child
Guillaume Gauthier was born 17 June 1653, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1655 Birth of Child
Ignace Gauthier was born 7 January 1655, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1657 Death of Spouse/Partner
Guillaume Gauthier de la Chenaye died 26 July 1657, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

19 April 1687
Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Added: 5/4/2015 11:24:32 AM

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