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Did You Know? What is a 'dit/dite' name?  When the first settlers came to Canada from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated. The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.

Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

Paris, France -
Paris, France


Paris, France - Paris - Les Grands Boulevards (1900)
Paris, France
Paris - Les Grands Boulevards (1900)

Paris, France -
Paris, France


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immigrant Carignan-Salières Soldier France  Étienne  Charles dit Lajeunesse

  (b. 11 June 1643Paris, France   d. 16 May 1724Laval, Canada, New France )  

Étienne Charles dit Lajeunesse was born 11 June 1643 in Paris, France. Étienne Charles dit Lajeunesse was the child of François Charles dit Lajeunesse and Colombe Regnault

Étienne was a Carignan-Salières soldier, arriving in New France in 1665.

He married  Madeleine Niel 24 October 1667 in Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 12 children. Madeleine Niel  was born 3 June 1652 in Rouen, France .  She died 15 August 1732 in Laval, Québec, Canada .  She was the daughter of Robert Niel and Anne Lambert.

Étienne Charles dit Lajeunesse died 16 May 1724 in Laval, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Occupation: Carignan-Salières soldier - Monteil Company

Born at Villejuif, Creteil, Paris, France

Son of Francois Charles and Colombe Regnault.

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Étienne Charles dit Lajeunesse married immigrant Fille du Roi France Madeleine Niel-- Date: 24 October 1667 Place: Trois-Rivières, Canada, New France Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin. 

Madeleine Niel was the daughter of Robert Niel and Anne Lambert

Marriage found at Immaculee Conception, Trois-Rivieres in Drouin Collection.

Étienne Charles dit Lajeunesse arrived in New France June 30, 1665 as a soldier in Carignan Salières Regiment,
Monteil’s Company. He married Madeleine Niel on 24 October 1667 in Immaculée-Conception at Trois-Rivières.

Source: Peter J. Gagné, King’s Daughters and Founding Mothers: The Filles du Roi, 1663-1673 (Quintin Publications: Orange Park, Florida, 2008), Vol. 2, p 429; La Société des Filles du roi et Soldats du Carignan, Inc.,
Regiment (Soldiers); Thomas J. Laforest, Our French Canadian Ancestors, Vol. 3 pp 56-64, [from contributor].

Updated: 4/3/2015 8:34:19 AM

Canada/New France Marie-Madeleine Charles Lajeunesse (b.8 September 1669, Boucherville, Canada, New France  d. 05 February 1709, Varennes, Canada, New France)

Canada/New France Clement Charles dit Lajeunesse (b.28 October 1671, Boucherville, Canada, New France  d. 13 February 1743, Terrebonne, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Catherine Charles Lajeunesse (b.1 February 1674, Boucherville, Canada, New France  d. 08 November 1704, Montréal, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Michel Charles Lajeunesse (b.4 February 1676, Chambly, Canada, New France   d. 13 July 1703, Montréal, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Helene Charles Lajeunesse (b.12 August 1678, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 22 February 1752, Longueuil, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Étienne Charles dit Lajeunesse (b.30 November 1680, Boucherville, Canada, New France  d. 6 February 1759, Sainte-Rose, Laval, Canada, New France*)

Canada/New France Françoise Charles (b.19 December 1682, Boucherville, Canada, New France  d. 21 December 1682, Boucherville, Canada, New France)

Canada/New France Marguerite Charles dite Lajeunesse (b.23 August 1684, Boucherville, Canada, New France  d. 11 February 1750, Terrebonne, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Marie-Madeline Charles dite Lajeunesse (b.2 February 1687, , Québec Province, Canada   d. 7 May 1756, Montréal, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Jean-Baptiste Charles dit Lajeunesse (b.15 April 1689, Boucherville, Canada, New France  d. 29 July 1745, Laval, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Anne Charles Lajeunesse (b.21 January 1691, Boucherville, Canada, New France  d. 25 December 1753, Pointe-Claire, Montréal, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Jeanne Charles dite Lajeunesse (b.5 April 1693, Boucherville, Canada, New France  d. 22 November 1728, Berthierville, Canada, New France )

Lifetime Events

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11 June 1643
Paris, France

France 1659 - France and Spain sign the Treaty of the Pyrenees.

France On August 26, 1660, Louis XIV made a triumphal entry into Paris with his wife, Marie-Therese. The royal couple took their places...
Louis XIV wasn't just a ceremonial king who represents the kingdom, but makes no decisions of his own... His regime was considered an absolute monarchy, and Louis XIV was the sole master. No...Read MORE...



Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Carignan-Salières Regiment Officers and Soldiers (who married Filles du Roi)
Charles, Étienne, dit Lajeunesse, m. Madeleine Niel, 24 Oct. 1667
Soldier, Company: Monteil

The Carignan-Salières Regiment, June-Sept 1665, Quebec, Canada
Added: 9/14/2010 3:13:35 PM - Beckie  Updated: 9/15/2010 9:57:33 AM - Beckie

1667 Marriage / Partner
Étienne Charles dit Lajeunesse and Madeleine Niel 24 October 1667, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...

Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1669 Boucherville
"The first baptism of a white child at Boucherville was performed by Father Hugues Pommier on Marie-Madeleine Charles, daughter of Madeleine Niel, on 17 November 1669... For more than 50 years the life of the Charles family revolved around this locality."
Our French-Canadian Ancestors - Thomas J. Laforest
Added: 1/25/2010 2:59:12 PM - Beckie  Updated: 1/25/2010 - Beckie

1669 Birth of Child
Marie-Madeleine Charles Lajeunesse was born 8 September 1669, Boucherville, Québec, Canada

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1671 Birth of Child
Clement Charles dit Lajeunesse was born 28 October 1671, Boucherville, Québec, Canada

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...

Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1674 Birth of Child
Catherine Charles Lajeunesse was born 1 February 1674, Boucherville, Québec, Canada

1676 Birth of Child
Michel Charles Lajeunesse was born 4 February 1676, Chambly, Québec, Canada

1678 Birth of Child
Helene Charles Lajeunesse was born 12 August 1678, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1680 Birth of Child
Étienne Charles dit Lajeunesse was born 30 November 1680, Boucherville, Québec, Canada

1681 Longueuil
Etienne Charles, (1) 32 ans; Madeleine Niel, sa femme, 30 ans; Marie, 11 ans; Clement, 9 ans; Catherine, 7 ans; Michel, 5 ans; Etienne, 3 ans; Helene, 1 an; 1 vache; 8 arpents en valeur.

Title Histoire de Longueuil et de la famille de Longueuil
Authors Alex Jodoin, J. L....

1682 Birth of Child
Françoise Charles was born 19 December 1682, Boucherville, Québec, Canada

1684 Birth of Child
Marguerite Charles dite Lajeunesse was born 23 August 1684, Boucherville, Québec, Canada

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1687 Birth of Child
Marie-Madeline Charles dite Lajeunesse was born 2 February 1687, , Québec Province, Canada

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake St. Louis, its widest point in the Montreal area. On the opposite shore, the inhabitants of the...Read MORE...

1689 Birth of Child
Jean-Baptiste Charles dit Lajeunesse was born 15 April 1689, Boucherville, Québec, Canada

Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps. acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October) about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1691 Birth of Child
Anne Charles Lajeunesse was born 21 January 1691, Boucherville, Québec, Canada

1693 Birth of Child
Jeanne Charles dite Lajeunesse was born 5 April 1693, Boucherville, Québec, Canada

Canada 1701 - 40 First Nation tribes, French Colonial Government signed Great Peace of Montreal
On August 4, 1701, some 40 Aboriginal nations gathered in Montreal. On that day, their representatives dinged the Treaty of Montreal. People in Montreal would remember this ceremony for a long time....Read MORE...

Canada 1702 - Having begun in Europe in 1701, The War of the Spanish Succession spreads to North America (Queen Anne's War) in Acadia and New England. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1703 Death of Child
Michel Charles Lajeunesse died 13 July 1703, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1704 Death of Child
Catherine Charles Lajeunesse died 08 November 1704, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1709 Death of Child
Marie-Madeleine Charles Lajeunesse died 05 February 1709, Varennes, Québec, Canada

Canada 1710 - British Capture Port Royal, Rename Fort Anne
The Acadian community of Port Royal is captured by Francis Nickolson for the British and renamed it Fort Anne, and the community, Annapolis Royal. Daniel d'Auger de Subercase (1661-1732), with less...Read MORE...

Canada 1713 - Treaty of Utrecht ended Queen Anne's War (War of the Spanish Succession)
Hudson's Bay, Acadia and Newfoundland now all belonged to the English. Cape Breton belonged to the French.
History of Quebec for Dummies by Eric Bedard, published by John Wiley & Sons, Canada, Ltd. -

"From the marriages of (their) children, Etienne and Madeleine Niel left 111 grandchildren to posterity..."

Around 1720, Etienne and Madeleine moved to Saint-Francois-de-Sales, Ile-Jesus, to live with their son, Etienne. "It was there that Etienne Charles, senior, was interred on 16 May 1724......Read MORE...


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