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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? Behind each habitant's house was a small addition used as a storeroom. Not far away were the barn and the stable, built always of untrimmed logs, the intervening chinks securely filled with clay or mortar. There was also a root-house, half-sunk in the ground or burrowed into the slope of a hill, where the habitant kept his potatoes and vegetables secure from the frost through the winter. Most of the habitants likewise had their own bake-ovens, set a convenient distance behind the house and rising four or five feet from the ground. These they built roughly of boulders and plastered with clay. With an abundance of wood from the virgin forests they would build a roaring fire in these ovens and finish the whole week's baking at one time. The habitant would often enclose a small plot of ground surrounding the house and outbuildings with a fence of piled stones or split rails, and in one corner he would plant his kitchen-garden.

Source: Daily Life in New France ( french/ daily_life_in_new_france.htm)

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

Paris, France -
Paris, France


Paris, France - Paris - Les Grands Boulevards (1900)
Paris, France
Paris - Les Grands Boulevards (1900)

Paris, France -
Paris, France


Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) - Cathedral-Basilica of Notre-Dame de Québec
16, rue de Buade, Quebec City, Quebec
Located on this site since 1647, the cathedral has twice been destroyed by fire throughout the centuries.
Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
Cathedral-Basilica of Notre-Dame de Québec
16, rue de Buade, Quebec City, Quebec
Located on this site since 1647, the cathedral has twice been destroyed by fire throughout the centuries.

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immigrant Fille a Marier flag  Geneviève  Després

  (b. abt. 1639Paris, France   d. 11 May 1706Québec, Canada, New France )  

Geneviève Després was born abt. 1639 in Paris, France. Geneviève Després was the child of

Geneviève was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1653.

She married  Louis Couillard de L'espinay 29 April 1653 in Québec, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 6 children. Louis Couillard de L'espinay  was born 18 May 1629 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) .  He died bef. 24 September 1678 in Montmagny, Québec, Canada (Saint-Thomas) (Notre-Dame-du-Rosaire) .  He was the son of Guillaume Couillard de L'espinay and Marie-Guillemette Hébert.

Geneviève Després died 11 May 1706 in Québec, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

daughter of Nicolas Despres and Madeleine Leblanc

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Geneviève Després married flag Louis Couillard de L'espinay-- Date: 29 April 1653 Place: Québec, Canada, New France
Louis Couillard de L'espinay was the son of Guillaume Couillard de L'espinay and Marie-Guillemette Hébert


Added: 3/28/2015 12:13:01 PM  
Updated: 12/9/2015 3:53:48 PM

flag Jeanne Couillard (b.3 June 1654, Québec, Canada, New France   d. , )

flag Charles Couillard de L'espinay (b.6 December 1655, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 17 June 1656, Québec, Canada, New France )

flag Jean-Baptiste Couillard (b.2 May 1657, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 8 March 1735, Québec, Canada, New France )

flag Louis Couillard (b.29 November 1658, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 15 May 1728, Saint-Pierre-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Canada, New France)

flag Geneviève Couillard (b.24 October 1660, Québec, Canada, New France   d. , )

flag Jacques Couillard (b.5 June 1665, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 23 August 1737, Montmagny, Canada, New France )

Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (
Added: 2/5/2016 4:50:09 PM - Beckie  Updated: -

1653 Marriage / Partner
Geneviève Després and Louis Couillard de L'espinay 29 April 1653, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1654 Birth of Child
Jeanne Couillard was born 3 June 1654, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1655 Birth of Child
Charles Couillard de L'espinay was born 6 December 1655, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1657 Birth of Child
Jean-Baptiste Couillard was born 2 May 1657, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1658 Birth of Child
Louis Couillard was born 29 November 1658, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1660 Birth of Child
Geneviève Couillard was born 24 October 1660, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1665 Birth of Child
Jacques Couillard was born 5 June 1665, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1666 Quebec
Louis Couillard Sr. de Lespinay .............34 bourgeois
Geneviefve Desprez ..........................27 sa femme
Jeanne Couillard ............................12 fille
Jean baptiste Couillard ......................8 fils
Louis Couillard ..............................7 fils...

11 May 1706
Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Added: 3/28/2015 12:12:28 PM

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