Quebec - Did you know?On February 5, 1663, a great earthquake was felt throughout Northeastern North America. No deaths were recorded, but some people got the scare of their lives. For the clergy in New France, the cause was obvious. The earthquake was a sign of devine anger. For a time, this put a stop to the liquor trade between the settlers and the Native people.
Source: History of Quebec for Dummies by Eric Bedard, published by John Wiley & Sons, Canada, Ltd.
Paris - Les Grands Boulevards (1900)
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"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.
So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.
At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." Added: 2/5/2016 4:50:09 PM - Beckie Updated: -
1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne
1653 Marriage / Partner Geneviève Després and Louis Couillard de L'espinay 29 April 1653, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
1654 Birth of Child Jeanne Couillard was born 3 June 1654, Québec, Québec, Canada
1655 Birth of Child Charles Couillard de L'espinay was born 6 December 1655, Québec, Québec, Canada
1657 Birth of Child Jean-Baptiste Couillard was born 2 May 1657, Québec, Québec, Canada
1658 Birth of Child Louis Couillard was born 29 November 1658, Québec, Québec, Canada
1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June).
1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal.
1665 Birth of Child Jacques Couillard was born 5 June 1665, Québec, Québec, Canada
1666 Quebec Louis Couillard Sr. de Lespinay .............34 bourgeois Geneviefve Desprez ..........................27 sa femme Jeanne Couillard ............................12 fille Jean baptiste Couillard ......................8 fils Louis Couillard ..............................7 fils...Read MORE...
1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French.
1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...
1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries.
1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2).
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