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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? On February 5, 1663, a great earthquake was felt throughout Northeastern North America. No deaths were recorded, but some people got the scare of their lives. For the clergy in New France, the cause was obvious. The earthquake was a sign of devine anger. For a time, this put a stop to the liquor trade between the settlers and the Native people.

Source: History of Quebec for Dummies by Eric Bedard, published by John Wiley & Sons, Canada, Ltd.

Paris, France -
Paris, France


Paris, France - Paris - Les Grands Boulevards (1900)
Paris, France
Paris - Les Grands Boulevards (1900)

Paris, France -
Paris, France


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immigrant Fille a Marier France  Geneviève  Després

  (b. abt. 1639Paris, France   d. 11 May 1706Québec, Québec, Canada )  

Geneviève Després was born abt. 1639 in Paris, France. Geneviève Després was the child of

Geneviève was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1653.

She married  Louis Couillard de L'espinay 29 April 1653 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) .  The couple had (at least) 6 children. Louis Couillard de L'espinay  was born 18 May 1629 in Québec, Québec, Canada .  He died bef. 24 September 1678 in Montmagny, Québec, Canada .  He was the son of Guillaume Couillard de L'espinay and Marie-Guillemette Hébert.

Geneviève Després died 11 May 1706 in Québec, Québec, Canada .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

daughter of Nicolas Despres and Madeleine Leblanc

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Geneviève Després married Canada/New France Louis Couillard de L'espinay-- Date: 29 April 1653 Place: Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
Louis Couillard de L'espinay was the son of Guillaume Couillard de L'espinay and Marie-Guillemette Hébert


Added: 3/28/2015 12:13:01 PM  
Updated: 12/9/2015 3:53:48 PM

Canada/New France Jeanne Couillard (b.3 June 1654, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. , )

Canada/New France Charles Couillard de L'espinay (b.6 December 1655, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. 17 June 1656, Québec, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Jean-Baptiste Couillard (b.2 May 1657, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. 8 March 1735, Québec, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Louis Couillard (b.29 November 1658, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. 15 May 1728, Saint-Pierre-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)

Canada/New France Geneviève Couillard (b.24 October 1660, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. , )

Canada/New France Jacques Couillard (b.5 June 1665, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. 23 August 1737, Montmagny, Québec, Canada )

Lifetime Events

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Fille a Marier

Filles a Marier 1634-1662

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home."
Added: 2/5/2016 4:50:09 PM - Beckie  Updated: -

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne

1653 Marriage / Partner
Geneviève Després and Louis Couillard de L'espinay 29 April 1653, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1654 Birth of Child
Jeanne Couillard was born 3 June 1654, Québec, Québec, Canada

1655 Birth of Child
Charles Couillard de L'espinay was born 6 December 1655, Québec, Québec, Canada

1657 Birth of Child
Jean-Baptiste Couillard was born 2 May 1657, Québec, Québec, Canada

1658 Birth of Child
Louis Couillard was born 29 November 1658, Québec, Québec, Canada

Canada 1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1660 Birth of Child
Geneviève Couillard was born 24 October 1660, Québec, Québec, Canada

Canada 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced...Read MORE...

1665 Birth of Child
Jacques Couillard was born 5 June 1665, Québec, Québec, Canada

1666 Quebec
Louis Couillard Sr. de Lespinay .............34 bourgeois
Geneviefve Desprez ..........................27 sa femme
Jeanne Couillard ............................12 fille
Jean baptiste Couillard ......................8 fils
Louis Couillard ..............................7 fils...

Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...

Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...

Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake St. Louis, its widest point in the Montreal area. On the opposite shore, the inhabitants of the...Read MORE...

Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps. acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October) about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1701 - 40 First Nation tribes, French Colonial Government signed Great Peace of Montreal
On August 4, 1701, some 40 Aboriginal nations gathered in Montreal. On that day, their representatives dinged the Treaty of Montreal. People in Montreal would remember this ceremony for a long time....Read MORE...

Canada 1702 - Having begun in Europe in 1701, The War of the Spanish Succession spreads to North America (Queen Anne's War) in Acadia and New England. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

11 May 1706
Québec, Québec, Canada

Added: 3/28/2015 12:12:28 PM

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