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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? The Canadian horse was introduced to New France in July of 1665. The first load of twelve horses was sent by King Louis XIV... From 1665 to 1793, the horse population in New France grew from 12 to 14,000 animals... For almost one hundred years, the horses multiplied in a closed environment without the benefit of other blood lines. Their common source, lack of cross breeding, and their rapid reproduction created a particular genetic group giving rise to a unique breed: the Canadian horse...

Source: The Story of the Canadian Horse ( breed.htm)

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

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immigrant Fille a Marier flag  Jeanne  Chaverlange

  (b. abt. 1637, France   d. abt. 1681, Québec Province, Canada )  

Jeanne Chaverlange was born abt. 1637 in , France. Jeanne Chaverlange was the child of

Jeanne was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1655.

She married  Pierre Levasseur dit Lespérance 23 October 1655 in Québec, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 5 children. Pierre Levasseur dit Lespérance  was born abt. 1629 in , France .  He died 12 March 1694 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) . 

Jeanne Chaverlange died abt. 1681 in , Québec Province, Canada .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

daughter of Antoine de Chanverlange and Marthe Guérin

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Jeanne Chaverlange married immigrant flag Pierre Levasseur dit Lespérance-- Date: 23 October 1655 Place: Québec, Canada, New France

Added: 2/16/2015 11:23:11 AM  

flag Madeleine-Françoise Levasseur (b.23 July 1656, Québec, Canada, New France   d. , )

flag Marguerite Levasseur (b.22 December 1658, Québec, Canada, New France   d. , )

flag Pierre Levasseur dit Lespérance (b.30 April 1661, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 2 March 1731, Québec, Canada, New France )

flag Jeanne Levasseur (b.20 March 1664, , Québec Province, Canada   d. 18 June 1711, , Québec Province, Canada )

flag Felicite Levasseur (b.20 March 1667, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 14 May 1740, Sainte-Foy, Québec, Canada, New France )

Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (
Added: 2/5/2016 4:31:43 PM - Beckie  Updated: -

1655 Marriage / Partner
Jeanne Chaverlange and Pierre Levasseur dit Lespérance 23 October 1655, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1656 Birth of Child
Madeleine-Françoise Levasseur was born 23 July 1656, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1658 Birth of Child
Marguerite Levasseur was born 22 December 1658, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1661 Birth of Child
Pierre Levasseur dit Lespérance was born 30 April 1661, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1664 Birth of Child
Jeanne Levasseur was born 20 March 1664, , Québec Province, Canada (Quebec)

1667 Birth of Child
Felicite Levasseur was born 20 March 1667, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Added: 2/16/2015 11:22:43 AM

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