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Did You Know? What is a 'dit/dite' name?  When the first settlers came to Canada from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated. The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.

Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (

Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? It is said that on the stroke of midnight, farm animals acquired the marvellous and unusual gift of speech. Oxen, cows, horses, pigs, and poultry began to speak to one another and to exchange strange secrets about humans, particularly their masters. Bad luck, the risk of being struck dumb or, worse still, even death came to those who tried to spy on them. This belief was prevalent not only in France but also in Francophone Canada. Another belief says that at midnight, farm cattle kneel in the stable to worship the Infant Jesus. It is clear that these two beliefs are closely linked to the even older one that Jesus was born at midnight.


Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

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immigrant Carignan-Salières Soldier flag  Antoine  Brûlé dit Francoeur

  (b. 28 December 1667, France   d. 14 May 1743La Visitation-de-l'Île-Dupas, Canada, New France )  

Antoine Brûlé dit Francoeur was born 28 December 1667 in , France. Antoine Brûlé dit Francoeur was the child of

Antoine was a Carignan-Salières soldier, arriving in New France in 1665.

He married  Marie-Renée Cotnoir (Cottenoire) abt. 1701 in Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 1 child. Marie-Renée Cotnoir (Cottenoire)  was born 15 February 1683 in Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Québec, Canada (Sainte-Marie-Madeleine) .  She died 9 February 1711 in Sorel, Québec, Canada .  She was the daughter of Antoine Cotnoir (Cottenoire) De Villier and Marguerite Provencher.

He married  (2) Françoise-Angélique Méline 1 November 1711 in Montréal, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 2 children. Françoise-Angélique Méline  was born 10 February 1687 in Lauzon, Lévis, Québec, Canada (Saint-Joseph-de-la-Pointe-de-Lévy) .  She was the daughter of Louis Méline and Anne-Marie Massard.

Antoine Brûlé dit Francoeur died 14 May 1743 in La Visitation-de-l'Île-Dupas, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Occupation: Soldat de Carignan et bedeau

son of Antoine Brûlé and Marie Obry (Aulary)

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Antoine Brûlé dit Francoeur married flag Marie-Renée Cotnoir (Cottenoire)-- Date: abt. 1701 Place: Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Canada, New France
Marie-Renée Cotnoir (Cottenoire) was the daughter of Antoine Cotnoir (Cottenoire) De Villier and Marguerite Provencher

Added: 2/13/2015 12:53:42 PM  

flag Madeleine Brûlé (b.20 September 1706, Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Canada, New France   d. 27 January 1775, Berthierville, Province of Québec, Canada )

Antoine Brûlé dit Francoeur married flag Françoise-Angélique Méline-- Date: 1 November 1711 Place: Montréal, Canada, New France
Françoise-Angélique Méline was the daughter of Louis Méline and Anne-Marie Massard


Added: 2/13/2015 12:51:04 PM  

flag Marie-Josephe Brûlé (b.13 August 1712, La Visitation-de-l'Île-Dupas, Canada, New France   d. 21 December 1792, Saint-Denis-sur-Richelieu, Lower Canada)

flag Marguerite Brûlé (b.3 June 1714, Sorel, Canada, New France  d. 16 July 1790, La Visitation-de-l'Île-Dupas, Province of Québec, Canada )

1706 Birth of Child
Madeleine Brûlé was born 20 September 1706, Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Québec, Canada (Sainte-Marie-Madeleine)

1711 Marriage / Partner
Antoine Brûlé dit Francoeur and Françoise-Angélique Méline 1 November 1711, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1711 Death of Spouse/Partner
Marie-Renée Cotnoir (Cottenoire) died 9 February 1711, Sorel, Québec, Canada

1712 Birth of Child
Marie-Josephe Brûlé was born 13 August 1712, La Visitation-de-l'Île-Dupas, Québec, Canada (Ile Dupas)

1714 Birth of Child
Marguerite Brûlé was born 3 June 1714, Sorel, Québec, Canada

14 May 1743
La Visitation-de-l'Île-Dupas, Québec, Canada (Ile Dupas)

Added: 2/13/2015 12:49:54 PM

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