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Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

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immigrant Fille a Marier France  Françoise  Fafard

  (b. 1621, France   d. 13 January 1702Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Canada, New France )  

Françoise Fafard was born 1621 in , France. Françoise Fafard was the child of Jean Fafard and Elisabeth Thibault

Françoise was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1647.

She married  Mathurin Meunier 3 November 1647 in Montréal, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 9 children. Mathurin Meunier  was born 22 April 1619 in Le Mans, France .  He died 8 October 1676 in Château-Richer, Québec, Canada . 

Françoise Fafard died 13 January 1702 in Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Françoise Fafard married immigrant France Mathurin Meunier-- Date: 3 November 1647 Place: Montréal, Canada, New France Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin. 

3 Nov 1647

Marriage found at Notre Dame de Montreal in Drouin Collection

Mathurin Lemournier and Francoise Fafart

Updated: 4/17/2016 9:47:09 AM

Canada/New France Barbe Meunier (b.24 November 1648, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 3 December 1648, Montréal, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Mathurin Meunier (b.3 December 1649, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 27 February 1650, Montréal, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Charles Meunier (b.3 December 1649, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 21 December 1649, Montréal, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Jean Meunier (b.8 January 1651, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. , )

Canada/New France Françoise Meunier (b.13 September 1653 , Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Canada, New France   d. 18 January 1703, Saint-Laurent-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Canada, New France)

Canada/New France Elisabeth Meunier (b.17 February 1656 , , Québec Province, Canada   d. 10 April 1714, Saint-Laurent-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Canada, New France)

Canada/New France Marguerite Meunier (b.4 August 1659, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 18 June 1733, Saint-François-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Mathurin Meunier (b.8 December 1662 , Château-Richer, Canada, New France   d. 14 February 1743, Québec, Canada, New France )

immigrant France François Meunier (b.9 April 1665, , France  d. 1726, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Canada, New France )

Lifetime Events

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Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (
Added: 1/6/2015 11:46:22 AM - Beckie  Updated: -

France 1635 - France enters Thirty Years War as an active combatant. Franco-Spanish War begins.

France 1638 - King Louis XIV born in France
History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon

Thunderworks ( -

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne

1647 Marriage / Partner
Françoise Fafard and Mathurin Meunier 3 November 1647, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Canada 1648-49 The Iroquois disperse the Huron nation. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1648 Birth of Child
Barbe Meunier was born 24 November 1648, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1649 Birth of Child
Charles Meunier was born 3 December 1649, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1649 Birth of Child
Mathurin Meunier was born 3 December 1649, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1651 Birth of Child
Jean Meunier was born 8 January 1651, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1653 Birth of Child
Françoise Meunier was born 13 September 1653 , Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec, Canada

1656 Birth of Child
Elisabeth Meunier was born 17 February 1656 , , Québec Province, Canada

Canada 1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1659 Birth of Child
Marguerite Meunier was born 4 August 1659, Québec, Québec, Canada

Canada 1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1662 Birth of Child
Mathurin Meunier was born 8 December 1662 , Château-Richer, Québec, Canada

Canada 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced...Read MORE...

1665 Birth of Child
François Meunier was born 9 April 1665, , France

1666 Habittans de Beaupré
Jean Mounier - 47 habittant

Françoise fafar - 45 sa femme

Jean Mounier - 15 fils

Francoise Mounier - 13 fille

Ellisabeth Mounier - 10 fille

Margueritte Mounier - 6 fille

Mathurin Mounier - 3 fil

Et Francois Mounier - 2 fils
The first census of New France (1666)
Added: - Beckie  Updated: -

Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1667 Census - Montmorency County, Quebec
Mathurin Musnier, habitant, 48 years
Francoise Fafard, 45 years
Jean Musnier, 17 years
Elisabeth Musnier, 12 years
Marguerite Musnier, 8 years
Mathurin Musnier, 5 years
Francois Musnier, 3 years
Added: 1/26/2010 4:11:08 PM - Beckie  Updated: 1/26/2010 4:11:08 PM -

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...

Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...

Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1676 Death of Spouse/Partner
Mathurin Meunier died 8 October 1676, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada

1681 Census - Montmorency County, Quebec
Francoise Fafar, habitant, 50 years
Francois Meunier, 17 years
Mathurin Meunier, 16 years
1681 Census - New France
Added: 1/26/2010 4:14:50 PM - Beckie  Updated: 1/26/2010 - Beckie

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake St. Louis, its widest point in the Montreal area. On the opposite shore, the inhabitants of the...Read MORE...

Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps. acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October) about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1701 - 40 First Nation tribes, French Colonial Government signed Great Peace of Montreal
On August 4, 1701, some 40 Aboriginal nations gathered in Montreal. On that day, their representatives dinged the Treaty of Montreal. People in Montreal would remember this ceremony for a long time....Read MORE...

name: Francoise Fafart
gender: Female
burial date: 13 Jan 1702
burial place: Ste Anne De Beaupre, Mont. I, Quebec
death date:
death place: Ste Anne De Beaupre, Montmouncy I, Quebec
age: 78
birth date: 1624
race: White
marital status: Widowed
spouse's name: Mathurin Meusnier
father's name:
father's birthplace:
mother's name:
mother's birthplace:
indexing project (batch) number: B02505-8
system origin: Canada-EASy
source film number: 1018040
reference number: p 1

"Canada Deaths and Burials, 1664-1955," index, FamilySearch ( : accessed 04 Jan 2013), Francoise Fafart, ; citing reference p 1, FHL microfilm 1018040.


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