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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? The habitant was inordinately fond of sour milk. Tea was scarce and costly. Brandy was imported in huge quantities. Every parish in the colony had its grog-shop; in 1725 the King ordered that no parish should have more than two. Quebec had a dozen or more, and complaint was made that the people flocked to these resorts early in the morning, thus rendering themselves unfit for work during most of the day, and soon ruining their health into the bargain.

Source: Daily Life in New France ( french/ daily_life_in_new_france.htm)

Paris, France -
Paris, France


Paris, France - Paris - Les Grands Boulevards (1900)
Paris, France
Paris - Les Grands Boulevards (1900)

Paris, France -
Paris, France


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immigrant Fille a Marier France  Marguerite  Breton

  (b. 22 July 1631 Paris, France   d. 11 November 1698Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada )  

Marguerite Breton was born 22 July 1631 in Paris, France. Marguerite Breton was the child of Antoine Breton and Sainte Paulin

Marguerite was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1651.

She married  Nicolas Patenaude (Patenôtre) 30 October 1651 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) .  The couple had (at least) 11 children. Nicolas Patenaude (Patenôtre)  was born abt. 1626 in Rouen, France .  He died 13 February 1679 in Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada . 

Marguerite Breton died 11 November 1698 in Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada.

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Born at St.Nicolas-des-Champs, Paris, France, daughter of Antoine Breton and Jeanne Poulin

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Marguerite Breton married immigrant France Nicolas Patenaude (Patenôtre)-- Date: 30 October 1651 Place: Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin. 

Updated: 1/5/2010

Canada/New France Pierre-Antoine Patenaude (b.21 January 1653, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. 1679, Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)

Canada/New France Jean Patenaude (Patenôtre) (b.10 August 1654, Sillery, Québec, Québec, Canada*   d. 25 June 1699, Montréal, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Charles Patenaude (b.21 May 1656, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. 16 February 1724, Longueuil, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Pierre Patenaude (Patenôtre) (b.18 July 1658, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. 30 March 1715, Montréal, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Marie Patenaude (b.16 May 1660, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. 13 June 1699, Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)

Canada/New France Louis Patenaude (b.15 October 1662, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. 19 December 1705, Montréal, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Gervais Patenaude (b.1665, , Québec Province, Canada   d. 27 January 1693, Québec, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Nicolas Patenaude (b.18 April 1666, Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada  d. ,  )

Canada/New France Marin-Michel Patenaude (b.15 February 1668, Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada  d. 13 June 1715, Québec, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Marguerite Patenaude (b.26 November 1669, Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada  d. 4 May 1738 , Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Elisabeth Patenaude (b.18 September 1672, Saint-Pierre-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada  d. 24 June 1723, Montréal, Québec, Canada )

Lifetime Events

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22 July 1631
Paris, France

Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (
Added: 9/15/2010 10:31:20 AM - Beckie  Updated: 9/15/2010 10:31:32 AM - Beckie

France 1635 - France enters Thirty Years War as an active combatant. Franco-Spanish War begins.

France 1638 - King Louis XIV born in France
History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon

Thunderworks ( -

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne

1651 Marriage / Partner
Marguerite Breton and Nicolas Patenaude (Patenôtre) 30 October 1651, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1653 Birth of Child
Pierre-Antoine Patenaude was born 21 January 1653, Québec, Québec, Canada

1654 Birth of Child
Jean Patenaude (Patenôtre) was born 10 August 1654, Sillery, Québec, Québec, Canada*

1656 Birth of Child
Charles Patenaude was born 21 May 1656, Québec, Québec, Canada

1658 Birth of Child
Pierre Patenaude (Patenôtre) was born 18 July 1658, Québec, Québec, Canada

Canada 1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1660 Birth of Child
Marie Patenaude was born 16 May 1660, Québec, Québec, Canada

1662 Birth of Child
Louis Patenaude was born 15 October 1662, Québec, Québec, Canada

Canada 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced...Read MORE...

1666 Isle d'Orleans
Nicolas patenostre - 40 drappier habittant

Margueritte Breton - 31 sa femme

pierre patenostre - 13 fils

Jean patenostre - 11 fils

Charles patenostre - 9 fils

pierre patenostre - 7 fils

Louis patenostre - 5 fils

Marie patenostre - 3 fille

Et gervais patenostre - 18 mois...

Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1666 Birth of Child
Nicolas Patenaude was born 18 April 1666, Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...

Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1668 Birth of Child
Marin-Michel Patenaude was born 15 February 1668, Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada

1669 Birth of Child
Marguerite Patenaude was born 26 November 1669, Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1672 Birth of Child
Elisabeth Patenaude was born 18 September 1672, Saint-Pierre-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...

Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1679 Death of Spouse/Partner
Nicolas Patenaude (Patenôtre) died 13 February 1679, Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake St. Louis, its widest point in the Montreal area. On the opposite shore, the inhabitants of the...Read MORE...

Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps. acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October) about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1693 Death of Child
Gervais Patenaude died 27 January 1693, Québec, Québec, Canada

11 November 1698
Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada


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