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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? The life of the French-Canadians in Quebec was largely agrarian. It was a system where each household grew, produced or bartered for everything the family needed to survive. By the mid-1800s, as the population grew and family farms could no longer support succeeding generations, many left behind this self-sufficient life style for one based on wage labor in the mills. Eventually, one third of Quebec's population left Canada for mill villages in New England where they gathered in close-knit ethnic communities.

Source: French-Canadian Culture (

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) - Cathedral-Basilica of Notre-Dame de Québec
16, rue de Buade, Quebec City, Quebec
Located on this site since 1647, the cathedral has twice been destroyed by fire throughout the centuries.
Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
Cathedral-Basilica of Notre-Dame de Québec
16, rue de Buade, Quebec City, Quebec
Located on this site since 1647, the cathedral has twice been destroyed by fire throughout the centuries.

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immigrant Fille du Roi flag  Barbe  Boyère (Boyer)

  (b. 9 March 1655, France   d. 9 December 1730Québec, Canada, New France )  

Barbe Boyère (Boyer) was born 9 March 1655 in , France. Barbe Boyère (Boyer) was the child of

Barbe was a Fille du Roi, arriving in New France by 1673.

She married  Paul Cartier 23 October 1673 in Québec, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 2 children. Paul Cartier  was born abt. 1642 in , France .  He died abt. 1697 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) . 

Barbe Boyère (Boyer) died 9 December 1730 in Québec, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Occupation: Fille du Roi

daughter of Thomas Boyère and Marie Fret

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Barbe Boyère (Boyer) married immigrant flag Paul Cartier-- Date: 23 October 1673 Place: Québec, Canada, New France

Added: 2/8/2015 11:24:41 AM  

flag Barbe-Marguerite Cartier (b.27 April 1676, Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Canada, New France   d. 15 July 1757, Longueuil, Canada, New France )

flag Paul Cartier (b.9 April 1690, Neuville, Portneuf, Canada, New France   d. , )

9 March 1655
, France

Fille du Roi
Boyer, Barbe , m. 1: Cartier, Paul, Oct. 23, 1673, m. 2: Foulon, Nicolas, dit Dumont, Oct. 29, 1698
1663-1673 Filles du Roi

"The filles du roi, or King's Daughters, were some 770 women who arrived in the colony of New France (Canada) between 1663 and 1673, under the financial sponsorship of King Louis XIV of France. Most were single French women and many were orphans. Their transportation to Canada and settlement in the colony were paid for by the King. Some were given a royal gift of a dowry of 50 livres for their marriage to one of the many unmarried male colonists in Canada. These gifts are reflected in some of the marriage contracts entered into by the filles du roi at the time of their first marriages.

The filles du roi were part of King Louis XIV's program to promote the settlement of his colony in Canada. Some 737 of these women married and the resultant population explosion gave rise to the success of the colony. Most of the millions of people of French Canadian descent today, both in Quebec and the rest of Canada and the USA (and beyond!), are descendants of one or more of these courageous women of the 17th century. "

Added: 3/31/2015 10:58:02 AM - Beckie  Updated: -

1673 Marriage / Partner
Barbe Boyère (Boyer) and Paul Cartier 23 October 1673, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1676 Birth of Child
Barbe-Marguerite Cartier was born 27 April 1676, Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada

1690 Birth of Child
Paul Cartier was born 9 April 1690, Neuville, Portneuf, Québec, Canada (Saint-François-de-Sales)

9 December 1730
Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Added: 2/8/2015 11:24:12 AM

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