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Did You Know? What is a 'dit/dite' name?  When the first settlers came to Canada from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated. The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.

Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (

Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? Bread was made from both wheat and rye flour, the product of the seigneurial mills. Corn cakes were baked in Indian fashion from ground maize. Fat salted pork was a staple during the winter, and nearly every habitant laid away each autumn a smoked supply of eels from the river. Game of all sorts he could get with little trouble at any time, wild ducks, geese, and partridges. Following the Indian custom, venison was smoked and hung on the kitchen beams, where it kept for months until needed. Salted or smoked fish had also to be provided for family use, since the usages of the Church required that meat should not be used upon numerous fast-days.

Source: Daily Life in New France ( french/ daily_life_in_new_france.htm)

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immigrant Carignan-Salières Soldier France  Étienne  Benoit dit La Jeunesse

  (b. 14 January 1637, France   d. bef. 29 November 1691 Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada* )  
Cause of Death: Captured by Iroquois

Étienne Benoit dit La Jeunesse was born 14 January 1637 in , France. Étienne Benoit dit La Jeunesse was the child of

Étienne was a Carignan-Salières soldier, arriving in New France in 1665.

He married  Nicole Chandoiseau 7 October 1670 in Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal) .  The couple had (at least) 10 children. Nicole Chandoiseau  was born 1651 in Paris, France .  She died 3 November 1711 in Montréal, Québec, Canada . 

Étienne Benoit dit La Jeunesse died bef. 29 November 1691 in Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada* .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Occupation: Carignan-Salières soldier - Contrecoeur Company

Born Fontaine-Chalandray, ev. Saintes, Saintonge, France

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Étienne Benoit dit La Jeunesse married immigrant Fille du Roi France Nicole Chandoiseau-- Date: 7 October 1670 Place: Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal) Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin. 

Marriage found at Notre-Dame de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec in Drouin Collection

Etienne Benoit and Nicole Chandoisraux
Updated: 12/14/2014 4:50:08 PM

Canada/New France Elisabeth Benoit (b.20 March 1672, Montréal, Québec, Canada   d. 15 September 1674, Montréal, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Marie Benoit (b.9 February 1674, Montréal, Québec, Canada   d. 15 September 1674, Montréal, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Marie Benoit (b.23 August 1676, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada*   d. 28 March 1725, Rivière-des-Prairies, Montréal, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Barbe Benoit (b.6 April 1678, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada*   d. 21 April 1678, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada* )

Canada/New France François Benoit (b.2 May 1679, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada*   d. 24 November 1687, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada* )

Canada/New France Geneviève Benoit (b.14 January 1682, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada*   d. ,  )

Canada/New France Françoise-Anne-Marie Benoit (b.3 July 1684, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada*   d. , )

Canada/New France Nicolas Benoit (b.21 July 1687, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada*   d. 23 March 1726, Montréal, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Pierre Benoit (b.12 October 1689, , Québec Province, Canada   d. ,  )

Canada/New France Joseph Benoit (b.29 November 1691, , Québec Province, Canada   d. ,  )

Lifetime Events

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14 January 1637
, France

France 1638 - King Louis XIV born in France
History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon

Thunderworks ( -

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne

France 1659 - France and Spain sign the Treaty of the Pyrenees.

France On August 26, 1660, Louis XIV made a triumphal entry into Paris with his wife, Marie-Therese. The royal couple took their places...
Louis XIV wasn't just a ceremonial king who represents the kingdom, but makes no decisions of his own... His regime was considered an absolute monarchy, and Louis XIV was the sole master. No...Read MORE...

Benoît, Étienne (La Jeunesse) *aka Benoîst
The Carignan-Salières Regiment, June-Sept 1665, Quebec, Canada
Added: - Beckie  Updated: -

Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...

Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Carignan-Salières Regiment Officers and Soldiers (who married Filles du Roi)
Benoît, Étienne, dit La Jeunesse, m. Nicole Chandoiseau, 07 Oct. 1670
Soldier, Company: Contrecoeur

The Carignan-Salières Regiment, June-Sept 1665, Quebec, Canada
Added: 9/14/2010 3:10:56 PM - Beckie  Updated: 9/15/2010 9:56:20 AM - Beckie

1670 Marriage / Partner
Étienne Benoit dit La Jeunesse and Nicole Chandoiseau 7 October 1670, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal)

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1672 Birth of Child
Elisabeth Benoit was born 20 March 1672, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...

Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1674 Birth of Child
Marie Benoit was born 9 February 1674, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1674 Death of Child
Elisabeth Benoit died 15 September 1674, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1676 Birth of Child
Marie Benoit was born 23 August 1676, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada*

1678 Birth of Child
Barbe Benoit was born 6 April 1678, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada*

1679 Birth of Child
François Benoit was born 2 May 1679, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada*

1681 Canadian Census Ville de Montreal
Etienne Benoist, 46
Nicolle Chantoiseau, sa femme, 33
Marie, 5
Francois, 2

Source: Histoire des Canadiens-Francais 1608-1880 by Benjamin Sulte, Montreal, 1882
Added: 3/1/2010 5:14:58 PM - Beckie  Updated: 3/1/2010 5:14:58 PM -

1682 Birth of Child
Geneviève Benoit was born 14 January 1682, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada*

1684 Birth of Child
Françoise-Anne-Marie Benoit was born 3 July 1684, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada*

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1687 Birth of Child
Nicolas Benoit was born 21 July 1687, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada*

1687 Death of Child
François Benoit died 24 November 1687, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada*

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake St. Louis, its widest point in the Montreal area. On the opposite shore, the inhabitants of the...Read MORE...

1689 Birth of Child
Pierre Benoit was born 12 October 1689, , Québec Province, Canada

Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps. acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October) about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1691 Birth of Child
Joseph Benoit was born 29 November 1691, , Québec Province, Canada


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