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Did You Know? What is a 'dit/dite' name?  When the first settlers came to Canada from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated. The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.

Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (

Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? In New France, boys whe were married at age 20 or younger and girls who were married at age 16 or younger were awarded the sum of 20 pounds each on their wedding day.

Source: Canada: A People's History ( history/)

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immigrant Carignan-Salières Soldier France  Pierre  Durand dit Desmarchais

  (b. abt. 14 May 1638, France   d. 17 August 1700Champlain, Québec, Canada )  

Pierre Durand dit Desmarchais was born abt. 14 May 1638 in , France. Pierre Durand dit Desmarchais was the child of

Pierre was a Carignan-Salières soldier, arriving in New France in 1665.

He married  Jeanne-Renée Chartier 17 October 1673 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) .  The couple had (at least) 4 children. Jeanne-Renée Chartier  was born 9 August 1652 in Poitiers, France . 

Pierre Durand dit Desmarchais died 17 August 1700 in Champlain, Québec, Canada .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Occupation: Soldat du regiment de Carignan

son of Pierre Durand and Marie Chartier

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Pierre Durand dit Desmarchais married France Jeanne-Renée Chartier-- Date: 17 October 1673 Place: Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Added: 1/7/2015 9:32:10 AM  

Canada/New France Pierre Durand dit Desmarchais (b.abt. 1674, , Québec Province, Canada   d. 28 September 1748, Montréal, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France René Durand dit Desmarchais (b.abt. 1676, , Québec Province, Canada   d. 4 April 1755, Champlain, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France François Durand dit Desmarchais (b.13 April 1686, Champlain, Québec, Canada   d. 29 December 1763, Champlain, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Catherine Durand dite Desmarchais (b.14 September 1692, Sorel, Québec, Canada   d. 17 March 1733, Montréal, Québec, Canada )

Lifetime Events

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France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne

France 1659 - France and Spain sign the Treaty of the Pyrenees.

France On August 26, 1660, Louis XIV made a triumphal entry into Paris with his wife, Marie-Therese. The royal couple took their places...
Louis XIV wasn't just a ceremonial king who represents the kingdom, but makes no decisions of his own... His regime was considered an absolute monarchy, and Louis XIV was the sole master. No...Read MORE...

Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...

Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1673 Marriage / Partner
Pierre Durand dit Desmarchais and Jeanne-Renée Chartier 17 October 1673, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...

Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1686 Birth of Child
François Durand dit Desmarchais was born 13 April 1686, Champlain, Québec, Canada

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake St. Louis, its widest point in the Montreal area. On the opposite shore, the inhabitants of the...Read MORE...

Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps. acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October) about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1692 Birth of Child
Catherine Durand dite Desmarchais was born 14 September 1692, Sorel, Québec, Canada

17 August 1700
Champlain, Québec, Canada

Added: 1/7/2015 9:30:16 AM

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