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Did You Know? What is a 'dit/dite' name?  When the first settlers came to Canada from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated. The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.

Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (

Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? Women in New France worked very hard. They had to take care of the house, cook for the family, take care of the younger children. Sometimes women had 15 children or more. Women made clothes for the family using cloth that she spun.

Source: ON/ LakeheadUniversity/ NewFranceWQ/ wqr6.aspx

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation) - Église de Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation, est. 1684
989, rue Notre-Dame, Champlain, QUÉBEC
Source: Google maps
Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation)
Église de Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation, est. 1684
989, rue Notre-Dame, Champlain, QUÉBEC
Source: Google maps

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immigrant Carignan-Salières Soldier flag  Pierre  Durand dit Desmarchais

  (b. abt. 14 May 1638, France   d. 17 August 1700Champlain, Canada, New France )  

Pierre Durand dit Desmarchais was born abt. 14 May 1638 in , France. Pierre Durand dit Desmarchais was the child of

Pierre was a Carignan-Salières soldier, arriving in New France in 1665.

He married  Jeanne-Renée Chartier 17 October 1673 in Québec, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 4 children. Jeanne-Renée Chartier  was born 9 August 1652 in Poitiers, France . 

Pierre Durand dit Desmarchais died 17 August 1700 in Champlain, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Occupation: Soldat du regiment de Carignan

son of Pierre Durand and Marie Chartier

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Pierre Durand dit Desmarchais married flag Jeanne-Renée Chartier-- Date: 17 October 1673 Place: Québec, Canada, New France

Added: 1/7/2015 9:32:10 AM  

flag Pierre Durand dit Desmarchais (b.abt. 1674, , Québec Province, Canada   d. 28 September 1748, Montréal, Canada, New France )

flag René Durand dit Desmarchais (b.abt. 1676, , Québec Province, Canada   d. 4 April 1755, Champlain, Canada, New France )

flag François Durand dit Desmarchais (b.13 April 1686, Champlain, Canada, New France   d. 29 December 1763, Champlain, Province of Québec, Canada )

flag Catherine Durand dite Desmarchais (b.14 September 1692, Sorel, Canada, New France  d. 17 March 1733, Montréal, Canada, New France )

1673 Marriage / Partner
Pierre Durand dit Desmarchais and Jeanne-Renée Chartier 17 October 1673, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1686 Birth of Child
François Durand dit Desmarchais was born 13 April 1686, Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation)

1692 Birth of Child
Catherine Durand dite Desmarchais was born 14 September 1692, Sorel, Québec, Canada

17 August 1700
Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation)

Added: 1/7/2015 9:30:16 AM

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