What is a 'dit/dite' name?
When the first settlers came to Canada from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated.
The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.
Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (www.afgs.org/ditnames/index1.html)
Quebec - Did you know?Behind each habitant's house was a small addition used as a storeroom. Not far away were the barn and the stable, built always of untrimmed logs, the intervening chinks securely filled with clay or mortar. There was also a root-house, half-sunk in the ground or burrowed into the slope of a hill, where the habitant kept his potatoes and vegetables secure from the frost through the winter. Most of the habitants likewise had their own bake-ovens, set a convenient distance behind the house and rising four or five feet from the ground. These they built roughly of boulders and plastered with clay. With an abundance of wood from the virgin forests they would build a roaring fire in these ovens and finish the whole week's baking at one time. The habitant would often enclose a small plot of ground surrounding the house and outbuildings with a fence of piled stones or split rails, and in one corner he would plant his kitchen-garden.
Source: Daily Life in New France (www.chroniclesofamerica.com/ french/ daily_life_in_new_france.htm)
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Children: Pierre Durand dit Desmarchais (b.abt. 1674, , Québec (Quebec) Province, Canada (New France) d. 28 September 1748, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal))
René Durand dit Desmarchais (b.abt. 1676, , Québec (Quebec) Province, Canada (New France) d. 4 April 1755, Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation de Champlain))
François Durand dit Desmarchais (b.13 April 1686, Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation de Champlain) d. 29 December 1763, Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation de Champlain))
Catherine Durand dite Desmarchais (b.14 September 1692, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel) d. 17 March 1733, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal))
1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...
1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries.
1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2).
1692 Birth of Child Catherine Durand dite Desmarchais was born 14 September 1692, Sorel, Québec, Canada (St-Pierre-de-Sorel)
Death 17 August 1700 Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation de Champlain)
Added: 1/7/2015 9:30:16 AM
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