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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? In the mid 1800s, the average couple in New France had 6 to 8 children, with one or more lost to disease during their childhood.

Source: Canada: A People's History ( history/)

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) - Cathedral-Basilica of Notre-Dame de Québec
16, rue de Buade, Quebec City, Quebec
Located on this site since 1647, the cathedral has twice been destroyed by fire throughout the centuries.
Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
Cathedral-Basilica of Notre-Dame de Québec
16, rue de Buade, Quebec City, Quebec
Located on this site since 1647, the cathedral has twice been destroyed by fire throughout the centuries.

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immigrant Fille a Marier flag  Marie  Bérard

  (b. 2 April 1639, France   d. 4 November 1719Québec, Canada, New France )  

Marie Bérard was born 2 April 1639 in , France. Marie Bérard was the child of

Marie was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1671.

She married  Pierre Pivin dit Larecompense abt. 1671 in Québec Province, Canada .  The couple had (at least) 3 children. Pierre Pivin dit Larecompense  was born abt. 1627 in Dieppe, France .  He died 20 May 1701 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) . 

Marie Bérard died 4 November 1719 in Québec, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

daughter of Jacques Berard and Marie Masson

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Marie Bérard married immigrant flag Pierre Pivin dit Larecompense-- Date: abt. 1671 Place: , Québec Province, Canada

Added: 12/31/2014 12:19:12 PM  
Updated: 6/8/2015 9:54:45 AM

flag Elisabeth Pivin (b.18 January 1671, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 2 April 1711, Charlesbourg, Québec, Canada, New France )

flag Pierre Pivin (b.7 April 1673, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 26 October 1757, Beauport, Québec, Canada, New France )

flag Jacques Pivin dit Larecompense (b.20 July 1675, Charlesbourg, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 1 October 1744, Charlesbourg, Québec, Canada, New France )

Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (
Added: 2/5/2016 4:20:03 PM - Beckie  Updated: -

1671 Birth of Child
Elisabeth Pivin was born 18 January 1671, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1673 Birth of Child
Pierre Pivin was born 7 April 1673, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1675 Birth of Child
Jacques Pivin dit Larecompense was born 20 July 1675, Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada (Bourg Royal) (Saint-Charles-Borromée)

1701 Death of Spouse/Partner
Pierre Pivin dit Larecompense died 20 May 1701, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1711 Death of Child
Elisabeth Pivin died 2 April 1711, Charlesbourg, Québec, Québec, Canada (Bourg Royal) (Saint-Charles-Borromée)

4 November 1719
Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Added: 12/31/2014 12:18:45 PM

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