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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? Habitants spent the wintertime cleaning and repairing tools and tending the animals. In spring they planted crops, took animals to pasture, and fixed fences. They ploughed the land with a team of oxen, then seeded it. They also cultivated a vegetable garden. In summer the entire family worked in the fields from sunrise until sunset. In late summer, they harvested grain crops and took them to the seigneur’s mill for grinding. In the autumn, they put up preserves, chopped and stacked firewood, brought in animals, butchered and salted the meat, which they put into barrels, and prepared the soil for next season’s crop.

Source: Elspeth Deir et al., Canada: The story of our heritage, Grade 7 (Whitby, ON: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 2000)



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immigrant Fille a Marier France  Françoise  Capel

  (b. abt. 1626, France   d. 20 April 1699Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation de Champlain) )  

Françoise Capel was born abt. 1626 in , France. Françoise Capel was the child of

Françoise was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1651.

She married  Jean Turcot (Turcotte) 25 April 1651 in Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers) .  The couple had (at least) 1 child. Jean Turcot (Turcotte)  was born abt. 1629 in , France .  He died 19 August 1652 in , Québec (Quebec) Province, Canada (New France) . 

She married  (2) Jacques Lucas dit Lepine 9 November 1653 in Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers) .  The couple had (at least) 2 children. Jacques Lucas dit Lepine  was born abt. 1630 in , France .  He died 12 September 1659 in Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers) . 

She married  (3) Jacques Marchand 1 February 1660 in Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers) .  The couple had (at least) 3 children. Jacques Marchand  was born abt. 1636 in , France .  He died 6 October 1695 in Batiscan, Québec, Canada (Ste-Geneviève-de-Batiscan) (St-François-Xavier-de-Batiscan) . 

Françoise Capel died 20 April 1699 in Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation de Champlain).


Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions



daughter of Julien Capel and Laurence Lecompte

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)


Françoise Capel married immigrant France Jean Turcot (Turcotte)-- Date: 25 April 1651 Place: Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)


Added: 12/19/2014 10:43:27 AM  

Children:
Canada/New France Jacques Turcot (Turcotte) (b.4 September 1652, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)  d. 6 April 1699, Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation de Champlain))



Françoise Capel married immigrant France Jacques Lucas dit Lepine-- Date: 9 November 1653 Place: Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)


Added: 12/19/2014 10:46:36 AM  

Children:
Canada/New France Marie Lucas (b.22 January 1655, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)  d. 29 November 1700, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers))

Canada/New France François Lucas dit Dontigny (b.24 February 1658, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)  d. 15 March 1699, Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation de Champlain))



Françoise Capel married immigrant France Jacques Marchand-- Date: 1 February 1660 Place: Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)


Added: 12/19/2014 10:44:52 AM  

Children:
Canada/New France Marie-Madeleine Marchand (b.12 December 1660, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)  d. 15 December 1722, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal))

Canada/New France Marie-Françoise Marchand (b.1663, , Québec (Quebec) Province, Canada (New France)  d. 17 February 1740, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers))

Canada/New France Alexis Marchand (b.abt. 1666, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)  d. 31 May 1738, Batiscan, Québec, Canada (Ste-Geneviève-de-Batiscan) (St-François-Xavier-de-Batiscan))



Lifetime Events

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Fille a Marier

Filles a MarierFilles a Marier 1634-1662

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home."
Added: 1/6/2015 9:33:37 AM - Beckie  Updated: -

France 1635 - France enters Thirty Years War as an active combatant. Franco-Spanish War begins.


France 1638 - King Louis XIV born in France
History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon


Thunderworks (www.youtube.com) -

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne


Unlike the other Filles A Marier, Francoise was not under contract to a future husband, but to the Church; and arrived in the small French Colony in 1650 to begin training with the Ursuline Sisters, in hopes of becoming a nun.
However, an event would take place that may have helped her to change her mind. On December 30, 1650; a fire broke out in the convent and Francoise, along with fourteen other women, fled from the building in terror. Soon after, in the journal of Mother Marie de l'Incarnation, there is the...Read MORE...


1651 Marriage / Partner
Françoise Capel and Jean Turcot (Turcotte) 25 April 1651, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)

1652 Death of Spouse/Partner
Jean Turcot (Turcotte) died 19 August 1652, , Québec (Quebec) Province, Canada (New France)

1652 Birth of Child
Jacques Turcot (Turcotte) was born 4 September 1652, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)

1653 Marriage / Partner
Françoise Capel and Jacques Lucas dit Lepine 9 November 1653, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)

1655 Birth of Child
Marie Lucas was born 22 January 1655, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)

1658 Birth of Child
François Lucas dit Dontigny was born 24 February 1658, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)

Canada 1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1659 Death of Spouse/Partner
Jacques Lucas dit Lepine died 12 September 1659, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)

1660 Marriage / Partner
Françoise Capel and Jacques Marchand 1 February 1660, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)

Canada 1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1660 Birth of Child
Marie-Madeleine Marchand was born 12 December 1660, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada (Trois Rivieres) (Three Rivers)

Canada 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced...Read MORE...


Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...


Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...


Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake St. Louis, its widest point in the Montreal area. On the opposite shore, the inhabitants of the...Read MORE...


Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps.

www.acadian-cajun.com/ acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October)

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1695 Death of Spouse/Partner
Jacques Marchand died 6 October 1695, Batiscan, Québec, Canada (Ste-Geneviève-de-Batiscan) (St-François-Xavier-de-Batiscan)

Death
20 April 1699
Champlain, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation de Champlain)


Added: 12/19/2014 10:43:02 AM




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