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Did You Know? What is a 'dit/dite' name?  When the first settlers came to Canada from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated. The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.

Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (

Did You Know? The Seigneurial System (1627 - 1854)
The seigneurial system was a form of land settlement modeled on the French feudal system. It began in New France in 1627 with the formation of the Compagnie des Cent-Associés (or Company of 100 Associates), which was initially responsible for handing out land grants and seigneurial rights. The land was divided into five by 15 kilometer plots, usually along major rivers like the St. Lawrence. They were then further subdivided into narrow, but long lots for settlement. These lots were usually long enough to be suitable for faming, and they provided everyone who lived on them with equal access to neighbouring farms and the river. There were three main groups of people who lived off the land in this system: Seigneurs, Habitants and Engagés

Jean-Pierre Forgues dit Monrougeau was a habitant.
Habitants were usually farmers or labourers who were initially brought over from France to live on this land. They had to pay rent and taxes to the seigneur, though they co-owned the land with the seigneur, and even had to work entirely for the benefit of the seigneur a few days each year.

Source: Canada in the Making (

Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? A typical French-Canadian building is the farmhouse. It is based on structures in the French provinces of Normandy, Maine, and Anjou, where most of the French settlers in the St Lawrence valley originated. The typical house was made of wood and had low walls, a steep roof, small windows, and few interior divisions. It was adapted to the northern climate by raising the ground floor to accommodate heavy snow accumulation and by adding multiple chimneys and dormers. The farmhouse also came to be characterized by a verandah, extended belcast eaves supported by a row of narrow columns, and a roof covered in sheet metal.

Source: Mutlicultural Canada: Quebec to 1800 (

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

Jean-Pierre Forgues dit Monrougeau - Habitants played an essential role in creating a permanent, settled population along the St. Lawrenc
Jean-Pierre Forgues dit Monrougeau

Habitants played an essential role in creating a permanent, settled population along the St. Lawrence River. But it was not an easy life...

Habitants had to clear the land, build a homestead, and plant and harvest a crop. The first task was never-ending, while the last one was annual. Building and repairing the house and barn were continual tasks. So were cutting and hauling firewood. The habitants had to be largely self-reliant in looking after all routine tasks such as cooking, baking, making furniture, and repairing tools. They had to attend to the educational and medical needs of the family. They had to endure the harsh physical climate and rough terrain, largely unaided by government support. The habitants had to pay taxes to the seigneurs and the church.

Canada: The Story of Our Heritage
by Elspeth Deir, John Fielding, Nick Brune, Peter Grant, Stephanie Smith Abram
McGraw-Hill Ryerson School, 2000
Habitants by Cornelius Krieghoff (1852) wikipedia

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immigrant Carignan-Salières Soldier flag  Jean-Pierre  Forgues dit Monrougeau

  (b. abt. 1637, France   d. 29 May 1703Beaumont, Canada, New France )  

Jean-Pierre Forgues dit Monrougeau was born abt. 1637 in , France. Jean-Pierre Forgues dit Monrougeau was the child of

Jean-Pierre was a Carignan-Salières soldier, arriving in New France in 1665.

He married  Marie Robineau 16 October 1668 in Québec, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 6 children. Marie Robineau  was born abt. 1647 in Paris, France .  She died 7 July 1700 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) . 

Jean-Pierre Forgues dit Monrougeau died 29 May 1703 in Beaumont, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Occupation: Soldat et habitant

son of Jacques Forgues and Catherine Lamolle

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Jean-Pierre Forgues dit Monrougeau married immigrant Fille du Roi flag Marie Robineau-- Date: 16 October 1668 Place: Québec, Canada, New France

Added: 12/19/2014 9:37:21 AM  

flag Anne Forgues (b.abt. 1669, , Québec Province, Canada   d. 11 January 1712, Beaumont, Canada, New France )

flag Joseph Forgues (b.4 March 1673, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 11 February 1703, Saint-Michel-de-Bellechasse, Canada, New France)

flag Catherine-Gertrude Forgues dite Monrougeau (b.abt. 1675, , Québec Province, Canada   d. 19 November 1711, Beaumont, Canada, New France )

flag Charles Forgues (b.21 April 1677, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 10 May 1736, Montréal, Canada, New France )

flag Marie-Françoise Forgues dite Monrougeau (b.abt. 1679, , Québec Province, Canada   d. 9 December 1740, Québec, Canada, New France )

flag Jacques Forgues (b.14 February 1683, Beaumont, Canada, New France   d. 22 February 1738, Beaumont, Canada, New France )

1668 Marriage / Partner
Jean-Pierre Forgues dit Monrougeau and Marie Robineau 16 October 1668, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1673 Birth of Child
Joseph Forgues was born 4 March 1673, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1677 Birth of Child
Charles Forgues was born 21 April 1677, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1683 Birth of Child
Jacques Forgues was born 14 February 1683, Beaumont, Québec, Canada (Saint-Étienne-de-Beaumont)

1700 Death of Spouse/Partner
Marie Robineau died 7 July 1700, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

29 May 1703
Beaumont, Québec, Canada (Saint-Étienne-de-Beaumont)

Added: 12/19/2014 9:35:33 AM

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