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Did You Know? What is a 'dit/dite' name?  When the first settlers came to Canada from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated. The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.

Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (

Did You Know? The Seigneurial System (1627 - 1854)
The seigneurial system was a form of land settlement modeled on the French feudal system. It began in New France in 1627 with the formation of the Compagnie des Cent-Associés (or Company of 100 Associates), which was initially responsible for handing out land grants and seigneurial rights. The land was divided into five by 15 kilometer plots, usually along major rivers like the St. Lawrence. They were then further subdivided into narrow, but long lots for settlement. These lots were usually long enough to be suitable for faming, and they provided everyone who lived on them with equal access to neighbouring farms and the river. There were three main groups of people who lived off the land in this system: Seigneurs, Habitants and Engagés

Jean-Pierre Forgues dit Monrougeau was a habitant.
Habitants were usually farmers or labourers who were initially brought over from France to live on this land. They had to pay rent and taxes to the seigneur, though they co-owned the land with the seigneur, and even had to work entirely for the benefit of the seigneur a few days each year.

Source: Canada in the Making (

Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? About 30,000 French people set out on the great voyage to New France before 1760. Of this number, 27,000 arrived alive... All in all of the 27,000 immigrants, 14,000, or a little more than half, settled in New France.

Source: History of Quebec for Dummies by Eric Bedard, published by John Wiley & Sons, Canada, Ltd.

Jean-Pierre Forgues dit Monrougeau - Habitants played an essential role in creating a permanent, settled population along the St. Lawrenc
Jean-Pierre Forgues dit Monrougeau

Habitants played an essential role in creating a permanent, settled population along the St. Lawrence River. But it was not an easy life...

Habitants had to clear the land, build a homestead, and plant and harvest a crop. The first task was never-ending, while the last one was annual. Building and repairing the house and barn were continual tasks. So were cutting and hauling firewood. The habitants had to be largely self-reliant in looking after all routine tasks such as cooking, baking, making furniture, and repairing tools. They had to attend to the educational and medical needs of the family. They had to endure the harsh physical climate and rough terrain, largely unaided by government support. The habitants had to pay taxes to the seigneurs and the church.

Canada: The Story of Our Heritage
by Elspeth Deir, John Fielding, Nick Brune, Peter Grant, Stephanie Smith Abram
McGraw-Hill Ryerson School, 2000
Habitants by Cornelius Krieghoff (1852) wikipedia

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immigrant Carignan-Salières Soldier France  Jean-Pierre  Forgues dit Monrougeau

  (b. abt. 1637, France   d. 29 May 1703Beaumont, Québec, Canada (St-Étienne-de-Beaumont) )  

Jean-Pierre Forgues dit Monrougeau was born abt. 1637 in , France. Jean-Pierre Forgues dit Monrougeau was the child of

Jean-Pierre was a Carignan-Salières soldier, arriving in New France in 1665.

He married  Marie Robineau 16 October 1668 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) .  The couple had (at least) 6 children. Marie Robineau  was born abt. 1647 in Paris, France .  She died 7 July 1700 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) . 

Jean-Pierre Forgues dit Monrougeau died 29 May 1703 in Beaumont, Québec, Canada (St-Étienne-de-Beaumont).

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Occupation: Soldat et habitant

son of Jacques Forgues and Catherine Lamolle

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Jean-Pierre Forgues dit Monrougeau married immigrant Fille du Roi France Marie Robineau-- Date: 16 October 1668 Place: Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Added: 12/19/2014 9:37:21 AM  

Canada/New France Anne Forgues (b.abt. 1669, , Québec (Quebec) Province, Canada (New France)  d. 11 January 1712, Beaumont, Québec, Canada (St-Étienne-de-Beaumont))

Canada/New France Joseph Forgues (b.4 March 1673, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)  d. 11 February 1703, Saint-Michel-de-Bellechasse, Québec, Canada)

Canada/New France Catherine-Gertrude Forgues dite Monrougeau (b.abt. 1675, , Québec (Quebec) Province, Canada (New France)  d. 19 November 1711, Beaumont, Québec, Canada (St-Étienne-de-Beaumont))

Canada/New France Charles Forgues (b.21 April 1677, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)  d. 10 May 1736, Montréal, Québec, Canada (Ville-Marie) (Montreal))

Canada/New France Marie-Françoise Forgues dite Monrougeau (b.abt. 1679, , Québec (Quebec) Province, Canada (New France)  d. 9 December 1740, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))

Canada/New France Jacques Forgues (b.14 February 1683, Beaumont, Québec, Canada (St-Étienne-de-Beaumont)  d. 22 February 1738, Beaumont, Québec, Canada (St-Étienne-de-Beaumont))

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France 1638 - King Louis XIV born in France
History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon

Thunderworks ( -

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne

France 1659 - France and Spain sign the Treaty of the Pyrenees.

France On August 26, 1660, Louis XIV made a triumphal entry into Paris with his wife, Marie-Therese. The royal couple took their places...
Louis XIV wasn't just a ceremonial king who represents the kingdom, but makes no decisions of his own... His regime was considered an absolute monarchy, and Louis XIV was the sole master. No...Read MORE...

Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...

1668 Marriage / Partner
Jean-Pierre Forgues dit Monrougeau and Marie Robineau 16 October 1668, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...

Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1673 Birth of Child
Joseph Forgues was born 4 March 1673, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1677 Birth of Child
Charles Forgues was born 21 April 1677, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1683 Birth of Child
Jacques Forgues was born 14 February 1683, Beaumont, Québec, Canada (St-Étienne-de-Beaumont)

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake St. Louis, its widest point in the Montreal area. On the opposite shore, the inhabitants of the...Read MORE...

Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps. acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October) about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1700 Death of Spouse/Partner
Marie Robineau died 7 July 1700, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Canada 1701 - 40 First Nation tribes, French Colonial Government signed Great Peace of Montreal
On August 4, 1701, some 40 Aboriginal nations gathered in Montreal. On that day, their representatives dinged the Treaty of Montreal. People in Montreal would remember this ceremony for a long time....Read MORE...

Canada 1702 - Having begun in Europe in 1701, The War of the Spanish Succession spreads to North America (Queen Anne's War) in Acadia and New England. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

29 May 1703
Beaumont, Québec, Canada (St-Étienne-de-Beaumont)

Added: 12/19/2014 9:35:33 AM

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