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Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

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immigrant Fille a Marier France  Elisabeth  Camus

  (b. abt. 1645, France   d. 20 July 1680Montréal, Canada, New France )  

Elisabeth Camus was born abt. 1645 in , France. Elisabeth Camus was the child of

Elisabeth was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1659.

She married  Louis Guertin dit Lesabotier 26 October 1659 in Montréal, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 11 children. Louis Guertin dit Lesabotier  was born 20 June 1625 in Angers, France .  He died 8 December 1687 in Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada* . 

Elisabeth Camus died 20 July 1680 in Montréal, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

daughter of Pierre LeCamus and Jeanne Charles

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Elisabeth Camus married immigrant France Louis Guertin dit Lesabotier-- Date: 26 October 1659 Place: Montréal, Canada, New France

Added: 12/16/2014 10:43:39 AM  

Canada/New France Marie-Elisabeth Guertin (b.6 February 1661, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 21 March 1714, Montréal, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Marie Guertin (b.29 March 1662, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 27 December 1712, Montréal, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Catherine Guertin (b.26 May 1664, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. , )

Canada/New France Marie-Marguerite Guertin (b.20 July 1666, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 12 November 1718, Montréal, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Louis Guertin (b.13 January 1668, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 7 January 1733, Verchères, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Marie-Madeleine Guertin (b.18 October 1669, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Canada, New France*   d. 21 October 1734, Boucherville, Canada, New France)

Canada/New France Pierre Guertin (b.11 June 1671, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 3 March 1742, Montréal, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Eustache Guertin (b.28 August 1673, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. , )

Canada/New France Angelique Guertin (b.11 November 1675, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. , )

Canada/New France Françoise Guertin (b.12 December 1677, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 6 October 1757, Montréal, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Paul Guertin (b.12 May 1680, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 12 March 1755, Saint-Antoine-de-Tilly, Canada, New France)

Lifetime Events

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Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (
Added: 1/6/2015 9:32:57 AM - Beckie  Updated: -

1659 Marriage / Partner
Elisabeth Camus and Louis Guertin dit Lesabotier 26 October 1659, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Canada 1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

France 1659 - France and Spain sign the Treaty of the Pyrenees.

Canada 1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1661 Birth of Child
Marie-Elisabeth Guertin was born 6 February 1661, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1662 Birth of Child
Marie Guertin was born 29 March 1662, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Canada 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced...Read MORE...

1664 Birth of Child
Catherine Guertin was born 26 May 1664, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1666 Birth of Child
Marie-Marguerite Guertin was born 20 July 1666, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...

Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1668 Birth of Child
Louis Guertin was born 13 January 1668, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1669 Birth of Child
Marie-Madeleine Guertin was born 18 October 1669, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Montréal, Québec, Canada*

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1671 Birth of Child
Pierre Guertin was born 11 June 1671, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...

Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1673 Birth of Child
Eustache Guertin was born 28 August 1673, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1675 Birth of Child
Angelique Guertin was born 11 November 1675, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1677 Birth of Child
Françoise Guertin was born 12 December 1677, Montréal, Québec, Canada

20 July 1680
Montréal, Québec, Canada

1680 Birth of Child
Paul Guertin was born 12 May 1680, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Added: 12/16/2014 10:43:14 AM

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