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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? In New France, children of fur traders and their Indian wives were known as Metis.

Source: Canada: A People's History ( history/)

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

Poitiers, France -
Poitiers, France


Poitiers, France -
Poitiers, France


Poitiers, France -
Poitiers, France


Montréal, Québec, Canada  - Basilique Notre-Dame-de-Montréal
110, rue Notre-Dame Ouest, Montréal, QUÉBEC
Established 1678
Source: Wikipedia
Montréal, Québec, Canada
Basilique Notre-Dame-de-Montréal
110, rue Notre-Dame Ouest, Montréal, QUÉBEC
Established 1678
Source: Wikipedia

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immigrant Fille du Roi France  Francoise-Marthe  Barton

  (b. abt. 1653Poitiers, France   d. 13 August 1699Montréal, Canada, New France )  

Francoise-Marthe Barton was born abt. 1653 in Poitiers, France. Francoise-Marthe Barton was the child of

Francoise-Marthe was a Fille du Roi, arriving in New France by 1670.

She married  Joseph Chevalier 7 October 1670 in Montréal, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 5 children. Joseph Chevalier  was born abt. 1644 in , France .  He died 26 May 1721 in Montréal, Québec, Canada . 

Francoise-Marthe Barton died 13 August 1699 in Montréal, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Occupation: Fille du Roi

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Francoise-Marthe Barton married immigrant France Joseph Chevalier-- Date: 7 October 1670 Place: Montréal, Canada, New France

Added: 12/15/2014 11:00:30 AM  

Canada/New France Marie-Françoise Chevalier (b.13 July 1671, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 7 May 1741, Montréal, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Jean-Baptiste-Louis Chevalier (b.22 September 1675, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 28 October 1752, Sorel, Canada, New France)

Canada/New France Jean-Baptiste Chevalier (b.6 August 1677, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. , )

Canada/New France Anne-Angélique Chevalier (b.9 January 1682, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 23 June 1742, Montréal, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Thérèse Chevalier (b.10 March 1692, Montréal, Canada, New France   d. 15 February 1754, Verchères, Canada, New France )

Lifetime Events

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France 1659 - France and Spain sign the Treaty of the Pyrenees.

France On August 26, 1660, Louis XIV made a triumphal entry into Paris with his wife, Marie-Therese. The royal couple took their places...
Louis XIV wasn't just a ceremonial king who represents the kingdom, but makes no decisions of his own... His regime was considered an absolute monarchy, and Louis XIV was the sole master. No...Read MORE...

Fille du Roi
Barton, Françoise-Marthe, m. Chevalier, Joseph, Oct. 7, 1670
1663-1673 Filles du Roi

"The filles du roi, or King's Daughters, were some 770 women who arrived in the colony of New France (Canada) between 1663 and 1673, under the financial sponsorship of King Louis XIV of France. Most were single French women and many were orphans. Their transportation to Canada and settlement in the colony were paid for by the King. Some were given a royal gift of a dowry of 50 livres for their marriage to one of the many unmarried male colonists in Canada. These gifts are reflected in some of the marriage contracts entered into by the filles du roi at the time of their first marriages.

The filles du roi were part of King Louis XIV's program to promote the settlement of his colony in Canada. Some 737 of these women married and the resultant population explosion gave rise to the success of the colony. Most of the millions of people of French Canadian descent today, both in Quebec and the rest of Canada and the USA (and beyond!), are descendants of one or more of these courageous women of the 17th century. "

Added: 3/31/2015 10:26:08 AM - Beckie  Updated: -

1670 Marriage / Partner
Francoise-Marthe Barton and Joseph Chevalier 7 October 1670, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1671 Birth of Child
Marie-Françoise Chevalier was born 13 July 1671, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...

Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1675 Birth of Child
Jean-Baptiste-Louis Chevalier was born 22 September 1675, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1677 Birth of Child
Jean-Baptiste Chevalier was born 6 August 1677, Montréal, Québec, Canada

1682 Birth of Child
Anne-Angélique Chevalier was born 9 January 1682, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake St. Louis, its widest point in the Montreal area. On the opposite shore, the inhabitants of the...Read MORE...

Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps. acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October) about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1692 Birth of Child
Thérèse Chevalier was born 10 March 1692, Montréal, Québec, Canada

13 August 1699
Montréal, Québec, Canada

Added: 12/15/2014 10:59:55 AM

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