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Did You Know? What is a 'dit/dite' name?  When the first settlers came to Canada from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated. The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.

Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (

Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? In the seventeenth century most of the world went to bed at nightfall because there was nothing else to do, and no easy or inexpensive artificial light. Candles were in use, to be sure, but a great many more of them were burned on the altars of the churches than in the homes of the people. For his reading, the habitant depended upon the priest, and for his writing, upon the notary.

Source: Daily Life in New France ( french/ daily_life_in_new_france.htm)

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) - Cathedral-Basilica of Notre-Dame de Québec
16, rue de Buade, Quebec City, Quebec
Located on this site since 1647, the cathedral has twice been destroyed by fire throughout the centuries.
Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
Cathedral-Basilica of Notre-Dame de Québec
16, rue de Buade, Quebec City, Quebec
Located on this site since 1647, the cathedral has twice been destroyed by fire throughout the centuries.

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immigrant Fille du Roi flag  Marie  Bertin dite Breval

  (b. 1653, France   d. 16 February 1716Québec, Canada, New France )  

Marie Bertin dite Breval was born 1653 in , France. Marie Bertin dite Breval was the child of

Marie was a Fille du Roi, arriving in New France by 1678.

She married  Pierre Luneau (Louineau) 26 April 1678 in Sainte-Famille-de-l'île-d'Orléans, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 2 children. Pierre Luneau (Louineau)  was born 1645 in , France .  He died 21 March 1711 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) . 

Marie Bertin dite Breval died 16 February 1716 in Québec, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Occupation: Fille du Roi

daughter of Barthelemy Bertin and Anne Richard

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Marie Bertin dite Breval married immigrant flag Pierre Luneau (Louineau)-- Date: 26 April 1678 Place: Sainte-Famille-de-l'île-d'Orléans, Canada, New France

Added: 12/11/2014 9:58:38 AM  

flag Jeanne Luneau (Louineau) (b.2 April 1686, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 19 December 1730, Batiscan, Canada, New France )

flag Henri Luneau (Louineau) (b.31 July 1690, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 23 March 1761, Québec, Canada )

Fille du Roi
Bertin, Marie, dite Breval, m. 1: Séguin, Charles, Oct. 3, 1669, m. 2: Luneau, Pierre, Apr. 28, 1678
1663-1673 Filles du Roi

"The filles du roi, or King's Daughters, were some 770 women who arrived in the colony of New France (Canada) between 1663 and 1673, under the financial sponsorship of King Louis XIV of France. Most were single French women and many were orphans. Their transportation to Canada and settlement in the colony were paid for by the King. Some were given a royal gift of a dowry of 50 livres for their marriage to one of the many unmarried male colonists in Canada. These gifts are reflected in some of the marriage contracts entered into by the filles du roi at the time of their first marriages.

The filles du roi were part of King Louis XIV's program to promote the settlement of his colony in Canada. Some 737 of these women married and the resultant population explosion gave rise to the success of the colony. Most of the millions of people of French Canadian descent today, both in Quebec and the rest of Canada and the USA (and beyond!), are descendants of one or more of these courageous women of the 17th century. "

Added: 3/31/2015 10:39:44 AM - Beckie  Updated: -

1678 Marriage / Partner
Marie Bertin dite Breval and Pierre Luneau (Louineau) 26 April 1678, Sainte-Famille-de-l'île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada

1686 Birth of Child
Jeanne Luneau (Louineau) was born 2 April 1686, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1690 Birth of Child
Henri Luneau (Louineau) was born 31 July 1690, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1711 Death of Spouse/Partner
Pierre Luneau (Louineau) died 21 March 1711, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

16 February 1716
Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Added: 12/11/2014 9:58:14 AM

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