What is a 'dit/dite' name?
When the first settlers came to Canada from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated.
The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.
Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (www.afgs.org/ditnames/index1.html)
Quebec - Did you know?Between 1714 and 1754, approximately 4,500 immigrants settled in New France. They included indentured workers and soldiers stationed in the colony, but most of them, it appears, were unsavory characters, including hundreds of salt smugglers who sold salt illegally in France. France wanted to get rid of these smugglers, and the colony accepted them without complaint because once they were in New France, most of them mended their ways and were on their best behavior.
Source: History of Quebec for Dummies by Eric Bedard, published by John Wiley & Sons, Canada, Ltd.
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She married Pierre Luneau (Louineau)
26 April 1678
in Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada
The couple had (at least) 2 children.
Pierre Luneau (Louineau)
was born 1645
in , France
He died 21 March 1711
in Québec, Québec, Canada
Marie Bertin dite Breval died 16 February 1716
in Québec, Québec, Canada .
Fille du Roi Bertin, Marie, dite Breval, m. 1: Séguin, Charles, Oct. 3, 1669, m. 2: Luneau, Pierre, Apr. 28, 1678 1663-1673 Filles du Roi
"The filles du roi, or King's Daughters, were some 770 women who arrived in the colony of New France (Canada) between 1663 and 1673, under the financial sponsorship of King Louis XIV of France. Most were single French women and many were orphans. Their transportation to Canada and settlement in the colony were paid for by the King. Some were given a royal gift of a dowry of 50 livres for their marriage to one of the many unmarried male colonists in Canada. These gifts are reflected in some of the marriage contracts entered into by the filles du roi at the time of their first marriages.
The filles du roi were part of King Louis XIV's program to promote the settlement of his colony in Canada. Some 737 of these women married and the resultant population explosion gave rise to the success of the colony. Most of the millions of people of French Canadian descent today, both in Quebec and the rest of Canada and the USA (and beyond!), are descendants of one or more of these courageous women of the 17th century. "
Added: 3/31/2015 10:39:44 AM - Beckie Updated: -
1678 Marriage / Partner Marie Bertin dite Breval and Pierre Luneau (Louineau) 26 April 1678, Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada
1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July).
1711 Death of Spouse/Partner Pierre Luneau (Louineau) died 21 March 1711, Québec, Québec, Canada
1713 - Treaty of Utrecht ended Queen Anne's War (War of the Spanish Succession) Hudson's Bay, Acadia and Newfoundland now all belonged to the English. Cape Breton belonged to the French. History of Quebec for Dummies by Eric Bedard, published by John Wiley & Sons, Canada, Ltd. -
Death 16 February 1716 Québec, Québec, Canada
Added: 12/11/2014 9:58:14 AM
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