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Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

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immigrant Fille a Marier France  Jeanne  Cerisier

  (b. 1640, France   d. 17 September 1709Batiscan, Canada, New France )  

Jeanne Cerisier was born 1640 in , France. Jeanne Cerisier was the child of

Jeanne was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1663.

She married  François Duclos 26 November 1665 in Québec Province, Canada .  The couple had (at least) 8 children. François Duclos  was born 12 March 1627 in , France .  He died 3 December 1711 in Batiscan, Québec, Canada . 

Jeanne Cerisier died 17 September 1709 in Batiscan, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

daughter of Jacques Cerisier and Marie Lalande

There is a bit of confusion over her founding mother status, since she appears as both a Filles A Marier, and Filles Du Roi, though in fact she was an Indentured Servant. However, she was definitely a founding mother, marrying Francois Duclos on November 26, 1665 at Cap-De-Madeleine, with whom she had eight children. weallcamefromsomewhere/ Kebec/ jeanne_cerisier.html

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Jeanne Cerisier married immigrant France François Duclos-- Date: 26 November 1665 Place: , Québec Province, Canada
Le Programme de recherche en démographie historique - Univeriste de Montreal 

PRDH indicates that Francois Duclos and Jeanne Cerisier signed a contract of marriage in 1665 at an undetermined place in Quebec, Canada.

"On 26 November 1665, notary Jacques de Latouche drew up their marriage contract. This document reveals that Francois was the son of Charles Duclos and of Madeleine Boutart, from Manerbe in Normandy. Father Godbout, who did the research in this area, discovered the birth record of the ancestor - he was baptized at Blangy on 12 March 1627. His mother was not a Boutart, but a Bouffart. Blangy is a small locality situated near Manerbe, diocese of Lisieux, district of Pont-l'Evesque, in Normandy (Calvados). The religious ceremony must have followed the signing of the marriage contract, but we know neither the place nor the exact date. We may presume that the nuptial blessing took place at Cap-de-la-Madeleine, the groom's place of residence."

Thomas J. Laforest
Our French-Canadian Ancestors : Volume IV, Page 101
Updated: 4/22/2014 4:24:48 PM

Canada/New France Nicolas Duclos (b.1667, Batiscan, Canada, New France   d. 21 November 1737, La-Pérade, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Marie-Anne Duclos (b.1668, Batiscan, Canada, New France   d. 31 January 1709, Portneuf, Canada, New France)

Canada/New France Geneviève Duclos (b.1670, Batiscan, Canada, New France   d. 5 July 1740, La-Pérade, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Marie-Louise Duclos (b.1672, Batiscan, Canada, New France   d. 31 October 1733, Batiscan, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France François Duclos (b.1674, Batiscan, Canada, New France   d. 25 August 1747, Batiscan, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Marie-Madeleine Duclos (b.abt. 1676, Batiscan, Canada, New France   d. 18 August 1747, Batiscan, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Marguerite Duclos (b.10 October 1679, Batiscan, Canada, New France   d. , )

Canada/New France Charles-Pavie Duclos (b.9 May 1682, Batiscan, Canada, New France   d. 30 January 1703, Batiscan, Canada, New France )

Lifetime Events

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Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (
Added: 9/15/2010 10:33:51 AM - Beckie  Updated: 9/15/2010 10:34:02 AM - Beckie

"Jeanne Cerisier, born in 1641 in the town of Amboise in Tourraine, was the daughter of Jacques and of Marie Lalande. She probably arrived in Quebec on 15 May 1664 - on the following 3 June she received the sacrament of confirmation from the hands of Msgr de Laval. Jeanne hurried less than others...Read MORE...

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne

France 1659 - France and Spain sign the Treaty of the Pyrenees.

France On August 26, 1660, Louis XIV made a triumphal entry into Paris with his wife, Marie-Therese. The royal couple took their places...
Louis XIV wasn't just a ceremonial king who represents the kingdom, but makes no decisions of his own... His regime was considered an absolute monarchy, and Louis XIV was the sole master. No...Read MORE...

From -- "Arrival as a maidservant of Louis Rouer on 24 Jul 1663 in Québec."
Added: 11/27/2013 8:17:15 PM - Beckie  Updated: -

Canada 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced...Read MORE...

1665 Marriage / Partner
Jeanne Cerisier and François Duclos 26 November 1665, , Québec Province, Canada

Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...

Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...

Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1679 Birth of Child
Marguerite Duclos was born 10 October 1679, Batiscan, Québec, Canada

1681 Canadian Census Batiscan
Francois Duclos, 50
Jeanne Cerisier, sa femme, 40
Nicolas, 14
Anne, 13
Genevieve, 10
Louise, 8
Francois, 6
Madeleine, 5
Marguerite, 2

Source: Histoire des Canadiens-Francais 1608-1880 by Benjamin Sulte, Montreal, 1882
Added: 3/1/2010 1:22:12 PM - Beckie  Updated: 3/1/2010 1:22:12 PM -

1682 Birth of Child
Charles-Pavie Duclos was born 9 May 1682, Batiscan, Québec, Canada

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake St. Louis, its widest point in the Montreal area. On the opposite shore, the inhabitants of the...Read MORE...

Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps. acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October) about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1701 - 40 First Nation tribes, French Colonial Government signed Great Peace of Montreal
On August 4, 1701, some 40 Aboriginal nations gathered in Montreal. On that day, their representatives dinged the Treaty of Montreal. People in Montreal would remember this ceremony for a long time....Read MORE...

Canada 1702 - Having begun in Europe in 1701, The War of the Spanish Succession spreads to North America (Queen Anne's War) in Acadia and New England. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1703 Death of Child
Charles-Pavie Duclos died 30 January 1703, Batiscan, Québec, Canada

"Francois Duclos and Jeanne Cerisier were buried at Batiscan 2 years apart - Jeanne on 17 September 1709, Francois on 4 December 1711, at the ripe old age of 84. The ancestor had worked for more than 50 years in his adopted country, always on the land in the region of the Mauricie."

Thomas J....


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