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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? Have you ever wondered why there are often no very old tombstones in the cemteries of Canada/New France? There is a good reason. Up until the mid to late 1800s, the deceased were buried around the church. It was the customary practice to do this as a way of showing the close relationship between the living and the dead, as God is master of life and death. In time, space ran out and new cemeteries were created. At that point, the bodies near the church were often exhumed and transfered to a common area of the new cemetery. The gravestones of the old cemetery were eventually removed to create space around the church for parking.

Source: La Nativité de Notre-Dame du Vieux-Beauport (www.fabriquelanativite.com)



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immigrant Fille a Marier France  Antoinette  Grenier (Garnier)

  (b. abt. 1638, France   d. 17 February 1713Cap-St-Ignace, Québec, Canada (St-Ignace du Cap-St-Ignace) )  

Antoinette Grenier (Garnier) was born abt. 1638 in , France. Antoinette Grenier (Garnier) was the child of Claude Grenier and Marie Huot

Antoinette was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1656.

She married  Jacques Bernier 23 July 1656 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) .  The couple had (at least) 9 children. Jacques Bernier  was born 1633 in , France .  He died 20 July 1713 in Cap-St-Ignace, Québec, Canada (St-Ignace du Cap-St-Ignace) . 

Antoinette Grenier (Garnier) died 17 February 1713 in Cap-St-Ignace, Québec, Canada (St-Ignace du Cap-St-Ignace).


Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions



daughter of Claude Grenier and Catherine ?

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)


Antoinette Grenier (Garnier) married immigrant France Jacques Bernier-- Date: 23 July 1656 Place: Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
Click here to go to source Le Programme de recherche en démographie historique - Univeriste de Montreal 




Added: 12/6/2014 2:43:32 PM  

Children:
Canada/New France Noelle Bernier (b.3 September 1657, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)  d. 27 April 1666, Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada)

Canada/New France Pierre Bernier (b.26 January 1659, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)  d. 17 September 1741, Cap-St-Ignace, Québec, Canada (St-Ignace du Cap-St-Ignace))

Canada/New France Marie-Michelle Bernier (b.18 October 1660, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)  d. , )

Canada/New France Charles Bernier (b.abt. 1662, , Québec (Quebec) Province, Canada (New France)  d. 28 March 1731, Cap-St-Ignace, Québec, Canada (St-Ignace du Cap-St-Ignace))

Canada/New France Jacques Bernier (b.28 October 1664, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La-Visitation-de-Notre-Dame du Chateau-Richer)  d. , )

Canada/New France Jean-Baptiste Bernier (b.26 August 1666, Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada  d. 7 September 1715, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))

Canada/New France Elisabeth Bernier (b.abt. 1668, , Québec (Quebec) Province, Canada (New France)  d. 4 April 1744, L'Islet, Québec, Canada (L'Islet-sur-Mer))

Canada/New France Geneviève Bernier (b.20 September 1670, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)  d. 20 May 1716, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City))

Canada/New France Philippe Bernier (b.5 January 1673, Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada  d. 4 January 1750, Cap-St-Ignace, Québec, Canada (St-Ignace du Cap-St-Ignace))



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Fille a Marier

Filles a MarierFilles a Marier 1634-1662

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home."
Added: 1/6/2015 11:50:05 AM - Beckie  Updated: -

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne


1656 Marriage / Partner
Antoinette Grenier (Garnier) and Jacques Bernier 23 July 1656, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1657 Birth of Child
Noelle Bernier was born 3 September 1657, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Canada 1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1659 Birth of Child
Pierre Bernier was born 26 January 1659, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Canada 1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1660 Birth of Child
Marie-Michelle Bernier was born 18 October 1660, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Canada 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced...Read MORE...


1664 Birth of Child
Jacques Bernier was born 28 October 1664, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La-Visitation-de-Notre-Dame du Chateau-Richer)

Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1666 Death of Child
Noelle Bernier died 27 April 1666, Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada

1666 Birth of Child
Jean-Baptiste Bernier was born 26 August 1666, Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...


Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1670 Birth of Child
Geneviève Bernier was born 20 September 1670, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...


Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1673 Birth of Child
Philippe Bernier was born 5 January 1673, Sainte-Famille, L'Île-d'Orléans, Québec, Canada

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July).

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake St. Louis, its widest point in the Montreal area. On the opposite shore, the inhabitants of the...Read MORE...


Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps.

www.acadian-cajun.com/ acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October)

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1701 - 40 First Nation tribes, French Colonial Government signed Great Peace of Montreal
On August 4, 1701, some 40 Aboriginal nations gathered in Montreal. On that day, their representatives dinged the Treaty of Montreal. People in Montreal would remember this ceremony for a long time....Read MORE...


Canada 1702 - Having begun in Europe in 1701, The War of the Spanish Succession spreads to North America (Queen Anne's War) in Acadia and New England.

fccs.ok.ubc.ca/ about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1710 - British Capture Port Royal, Rename Fort Anne
The Acadian community of Port Royal is captured by Francis Nickolson for the British and renamed it Fort Anne, and the community, Annapolis Royal. Daniel d'Auger de Subercase (1661-1732), with less...Read MORE...


Death
17 February 1713
Cap-St-Ignace, Québec, Canada (St-Ignace du Cap-St-Ignace)


Added: 12/6/2014 2:42:46 PM




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