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Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

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immigrant Fille a Marier France  Anne  Émard

  (b. 22 October 1627, France   d. 17 January 1700Lauzon, Canada, New France )  

Anne Émard was born 22 October 1627 in , France. Anne Émard was the child of

Anne was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1649.

She married  Guillaume Couture (Cousture) 18 November 1649 in Québec, Canada, New France (Quebec City) .  The couple had (at least) 10 children. Guillaume Couture (Cousture)  was born 14 January 1618 in Rouen, France .  He died 4 April 1701 in Québec, Québec, Canada . 

Anne Émard died 17 January 1700 in Lauzon, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

daughter of Jean Emard and Marie Bineau

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Anne Émard married immigrant France Guillaume Couture (Cousture)-- Date: 18 November 1649 Place: Québec, Canada, New France (Quebec City) Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin. 


Added: 12/6/2014 2:17:34 PM  

Canada/New France Jean-Baptiste Couture dit Lamonde (b.6 November 1650, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 22 August 1698, Québec, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Anne Couture (b.22 January 1652, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 26 November 1684, Québec, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Louis Couture (b.29 August 1654, Québec, Canada, New France   d. , )

Canada/New France Marguerite Couture (b.29 February 1656, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 28 March 1690, Québec, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Marie Couture (b.18 June 1658, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 22 July 1702, Québec, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Charles Couture dit Lafresnaye (b.29 November 1659, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 9 September 1709, Beaumont, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Guillaume Couture (b.11 October 1662, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 11 December 1738, Saint-Laurent-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, Canada, New France)

Canada/New France Louise Couture (b.19 March 1665, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 22 December 1751, Beaumont, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Eustache Couture dit Bellerive (b.24 March 1667, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 22 January 1745, Beaumont, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Joseph-Auger Couture (b.27 July 1670, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 4 May 1733, Lauzon, Canada, New France )

Lifetime Events

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22 October 1627
, France

Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (
Added: 1/6/2015 11:45:58 AM - Beckie  Updated: -

France 1635 - France enters Thirty Years War as an active combatant. Franco-Spanish War begins.

France 1638 - King Louis XIV born in France
History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon

Thunderworks ( -

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne

1649 Marriage / Partner
Anne Émard and Guillaume Couture (Cousture) 18 November 1649, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1650 Birth of Child
Jean-Baptiste Couture dit Lamonde was born 6 November 1650, Québec, Québec, Canada

1652 Birth of Child
Anne Couture was born 22 January 1652, Québec, Québec, Canada

1654 Birth of Child
Louis Couture was born 29 August 1654, Québec, Québec, Canada

1656 Birth of Child
Marguerite Couture was born 29 February 1656, Québec, Québec, Canada

1658 Birth of Child
Marie Couture was born 18 June 1658, Québec, Québec, Canada

Canada 1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1659 Birth of Child
Charles Couture dit Lafresnaye was born 29 November 1659, Québec, Québec, Canada

Canada 1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1662 Birth of Child
Guillaume Couture was born 11 October 1662, Québec, Québec, Canada

Canada 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced...Read MORE...

1665 Birth of Child
Louise Couture was born 19 March 1665, Québec, Québec, Canada

Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1667 Birth of Child
Eustache Couture dit Bellerive was born 24 March 1667, Québec, Québec, Canada

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...

Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1670 Birth of Child
Joseph-Auger Couture was born 27 July 1670, Québec, Québec, Canada

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...

Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1684 Death of Child
Anne Couture died 26 November 1684, Québec, Québec, Canada

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake St. Louis, its widest point in the Montreal area. On the opposite shore, the inhabitants of the...Read MORE...

Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps. acadtime.htm -

1690 Death of Child
Marguerite Couture died 28 March 1690, Québec, Québec, Canada

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October) about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1698 Death of Child
Jean-Baptiste Couture dit Lamonde died 22 August 1698, Québec, Québec, Canada

17 January 1700
Lauzon, Québec, Canada

Added: 12/6/2014 2:16:44 PM

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