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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? A common belief in old Quebec was that lutins [spirits] had the power to do many things for people. They could procure good weather for the crops. They could watch over favorite animals. They could intercede for the recovery of a sick member of the household. Some have even been known to, 'during the night, shave the face of his master and black his boots for Sunday morning'.

Source: The Journal of American Folklore, Vol. 5, No. 19, Oct. - Dec., 1892, Lutins in the Province of Quebec

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) - Cathedral-Basilica of Notre-Dame de Québec
16, rue de Buade, Quebec City, Quebec
Located on this site since 1647, the cathedral has twice been destroyed by fire throughout the centuries.
Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)
Cathedral-Basilica of Notre-Dame de Québec
16, rue de Buade, Quebec City, Quebec
Located on this site since 1647, the cathedral has twice been destroyed by fire throughout the centuries.

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immigrant Fille a Marier flag  Marguerite  Guillebourdeau

  (b. abt. 1620, France   d. 20 October 1662Québec, Canada, New France )  

Marguerite Guillebourdeau was born abt. 1620 in , France. Marguerite Guillebourdeau was the child of

Marguerite was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1650.

She married  Jean Baillargeon 20 November 1650 in Québec, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 3 children. Jean Baillargeon  was born abt. 1612 in , France .  He died abt. 1681 in , Québec Province, Canada (Quebec) . 

Marguerite Guillebourdeau died 20 October 1662 in Québec, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

daughter of Louis Guillebourdeau and Marie Maguin

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Marguerite Guillebourdeau married immigrant flag Jean Baillargeon-- Date: 20 November 1650 Place: Québec, Canada, New France

Added: 11/30/2014 7:03:43 PM  

flag Jeanne Baillargeon (b.4 May 1651, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 19 August 1729, Québec, Canada, New France )

flag Nicolas Baillargeon (b.22 February 1654, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 2 September 1712, Québec, Canada, New France )

flag Louis Baillargeon (b.26 October 1656, Québec, Canada, New France   d. , )

Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (
Added: 2/6/2016 8:38:56 AM - Beckie  Updated: -

1650 Marriage / Partner
Marguerite Guillebourdeau and Jean Baillargeon 20 November 1650, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1651 Birth of Child
Jeanne Baillargeon was born 4 May 1651, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1654 Birth of Child
Nicolas Baillargeon was born 22 February 1654, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1656 Birth of Child
Louis Baillargeon was born 26 October 1656, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

20 October 1662
Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Added: 11/30/2014 7:03:07 PM

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