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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? Very few children went to school in New France. Schools were usually only in the larger towns and too far away for children in the small towns to attend. If children did learn to read, they learned from a parent, or an older brother who had become a priest. Schools were run by the church because the nuns and priests were educated.

Source: ON/ LakeheadUniversity/ NewFranceWQ/ wqr6.aspx

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Research Marguerite

immigrant Fille a Marier France  Marguerite  Guillebourdeau

  (b. abt. 1620, France   d. 20 October 1662Québec, Québec, Canada )  

Marguerite Guillebourdeau was born abt. 1620 in , France. Marguerite Guillebourdeau was the child of

Marguerite was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1650.

She married  Jean Baillargeon 20 November 1650 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) .  The couple had (at least) 3 children. Jean Baillargeon  was born abt. 1612 in , France .  He died abt. 1681 in , Québec Province, Canada . 

Marguerite Guillebourdeau died 20 October 1662 in Québec, Québec, Canada .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

daughter of Louis Guillebourdeau and Marie Maguin

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Marguerite Guillebourdeau married immigrant France Jean Baillargeon-- Date: 20 November 1650 Place: Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

Added: 11/30/2014 7:03:43 PM  

Canada/New France Jeanne Baillargeon (b.4 May 1651, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. 19 August 1729, Québec, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Nicolas Baillargeon (b.22 February 1654, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. 2 September 1712, Québec, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Louis Baillargeon (b.26 October 1656, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. , )

Lifetime Events

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Fille a Marier

Filles a Marier 1634-1662

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home."
Added: 2/6/2016 8:38:56 AM - Beckie  Updated: -

France 1635 - France enters Thirty Years War as an active combatant. Franco-Spanish War begins.

France 1638 - King Louis XIV born in France
History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon

Thunderworks ( -

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne

1650 Marriage / Partner
Marguerite Guillebourdeau and Jean Baillargeon 20 November 1650, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1651 Birth of Child
Jeanne Baillargeon was born 4 May 1651, Québec, Québec, Canada

1654 Birth of Child
Nicolas Baillargeon was born 22 February 1654, Québec, Québec, Canada

1656 Birth of Child
Louis Baillargeon was born 26 October 1656, Québec, Québec, Canada

Canada 1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

20 October 1662
Québec, Québec, Canada

Added: 11/30/2014 7:03:07 PM

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