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Did You Know? What is a 'dit/dite' name?  When the first settlers came to Canada from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated. The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.

Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (www.afgs.org/ditnames/index1.html)


Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? Have you ever wondered why there are often no very old tombstones in the cemteries of Canada/New France? There is a good reason. Up until the mid to late 1800s, the deceased were buried around the church. It was the customary practice to do this as a way of showing the close relationship between the living and the dead, as God is master of life and death. In time, space ran out and new cemeteries were created. At that point, the bodies near the church were often exhumed and transfered to a common area of the new cemetery. The gravestones of the old cemetery were eventually removed to create space around the church for parking.

Source: La Nativité de Notre-Dame du Vieux-Beauport (www.fabriquelanativite.com)


Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.




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immigrant Fille a Marier flag  Françoise  Gausse dite LeBorgne

  (b. 1634, France   d. 08 March 1714Beauport, Québec, Canada, New France )  

Françoise Gausse dite LeBorgne was born 1634 in , France. Françoise Gausse dite LeBorgne was the child of Maurice GAUSSE and Marguerite BLAY

Françoise was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1661.

She married  Nicolas Durand 12 September 1661 in Québec, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 1 child. Nicolas Durand  was born 21 March 1636 in Paris, France .  He died 01 April 1663 in Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer) . 

She married  (2) Robert Laberge 28 May 1663 in Château-Richer, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 6 children. Robert Laberge  was born 24 May 1638 in , France .  He died 2 April 1712 in Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer) .  He was the son of Jacques LaBERGE and Marie POITEVIN.

Françoise Gausse dite LeBorgne died 08 March 1714 in Beauport, Québec, Canada, New France .


Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions



daughter of Maurice Leborgne Gausse and Madeleine Blay
Born at St-Martin Noyon Picardie France

Canadian Genealogy Index, 1600s-1900s
Quebec, Genealogical Dictionary of Canadian Families (Tanguay Collection), 1608-1890 (in French)
U.S. and Canada, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)


Françoise Gausse dite LeBorgne married immigrant flag Nicolas Durand-- Date: 12 September 1661 Place: Québec, Canada, New France
Notre-Dame, Québec, Quebec Canada

Added: 1/3/2013 4:26:44 PM  
Updated: 12/19/2014 2:54:21 PM


Children:
flag Marie-Ursule Durand (b.4 June 1662, Château-Richer, Canada, New France   d. 25 August 1750, Beauport, Québec, Canada, New France )



Françoise Gausse dite LeBorgne married immigrant flag Robert Laberge-- Date: 28 May 1663 Place: Château-Richer, Canada, New France
familysearch.org 


Robert Laberge was the son of Jacques LaBERGE and Marie POITEVIN


La Visitation de Notre-Dame

Name: Rober Laberge
Birth Date:
Birthplace:
Age:
Spouse's Name: Francoise Goosse
Spouse's Birth Date:
Spouse's Birthplace:
Spouse's Age:
Event Date: 28 May 1663
Event Place: Chateau Richer, Montmorency I, Quebec
Father's Name:
Mother's Name:
Spouse's Father's Name:
Spouse's Mother's Name:
Race: White
Marital Status: Unknown
Previous Wife's Name:
Spouse's Race: White
Spouse's Marital Status: Widowed
Spouse's Previous Husband's Name: Nicolas Durand
Indexing Project (Batch) Number: M01734-5
System Origin: Canada-EASy
GS Film number: 1018161
Reference ID: P 129

"Canada Marriages, 1661-1949," index, FamilySearch (familysearch.org/ ark:/ 61903/ 1:1:F2KL-G2D : accessed 21 April 2015), Rober Laberge and Francoise Goosse, 28 May 1663; citing Chateau Richer, Montmorency I, Quebec, reference P 129; FHL microfilm 1,018,161.

Added: 1/9/2015 8:59:50 AM  
Updated: 4/21/2015 11:59:06 AM


Children:
flag Geneviève Laberge (b.20 April 1664, Château-Richer, Canada, New France   d. 10 May 1737, Deschambault, Canada, New France )

flag Françoise Laberge (b.27 January 1666, Château-Richer, Canada, New France   d. 6 February 1666, Château-Richer, Canada, New France )

flag Catherine Laberge (b.14 September 1667, Château-Richer, Canada, New France   d. 27 March 1742, Québec, Canada, New France )

flag François Laberge (b.12 June 1669, Château-Richer, Canada, New France   d. 26 June 1728, Château-Richer, Canada, New France )

flag Nicolas Laberge (b.26 February 1672, Ange-Gardien, Canada, New France   d. , )

flag Guillaume Laberge (b.30 April 1674, Ange-Gardien, Canada, New France   d. , )




Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (http://www.thinal.co.cc/weallcamefromsomewhere/Kebec/filles_marier.html)
Added: 1/6/2015 11:48:07 AM - Beckie  Updated: -

1661 Marriage / Partner
Françoise Gausse dite LeBorgne and Nicolas Durand 12 September 1661, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1662 Birth of Child
Marie-Ursule Durand was born 4 June 1662, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

1663 Marriage / Partner
Françoise Gausse dite LeBorgne and Robert Laberge 28 May 1663, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

1663 Death of Spouse/Partner
Nicolas Durand died 01 April 1663, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

1664 Birth of Child
Geneviève Laberge was born 20 April 1664, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

1666 Birth of Child
Françoise Laberge was born 27 January 1666, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

1667 Birth of Child
Catherine Laberge was born 14 September 1667, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

1669 Birth of Child
François Laberge was born 12 June 1669, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

1672 Birth of Child
Nicolas Laberge was born 26 February 1672, Ange-Gardien, Québec, Canada (Saint-Ange-Gardien)

1674 Birth of Child
Guillaume Laberge was born 30 April 1674, Ange-Gardien, Québec, Canada (Saint-Ange-Gardien)

1712 Death of Spouse/Partner
Robert Laberge died 2 April 1712, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

Death
08 March 1714
Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada (Notre-Dame-de-la-Nativité-de-Beauport)



Cimetiere de Beauport Beauport Capitale-Nationale Region Quebec, Canada
Canada, Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current
Quebec, Genealogical Dictionary of Canadian Families (Tanguay Collection), 1608-1890 (in French)
Quebec, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1967

Added: 1/3/2013 4:26:23 PM

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