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Did You Know? What is a 'dit/dite' name?  When the first settlers came to Canada from France it was a custom to add a 'dit' nickname to the surname. The English translation of 'dit' is 'said'. The Colonists of Nouvelle France added 'dit' names as distinguishers. A settler might have wanted to differentiate their family from their siblings by taking a 'dit' name that described the locale to which they had relocated. The acquiring of a 'dit' name might also be the result of a casual adoption, whereby the person wanted to honor the family who had raised them. Another reason was also to distinguish themselves by taking as a 'dit' name the town or village in France from which they originated. This custom ended around 1900 when people began using only one name, either the 'dit' nickname or their original surname.

Source: American-French Genealogical Society, Woonsocket, Rhode Island (

Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

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immigrant Fille a Marier France  Françoise  Gausse dite LeBorgne

  (b. 1634, France   d. 08 March 1714Beauport, Québec, Canada, New France* )  

Françoise Gausse dite LeBorgne was born 1634 in , France. Françoise Gausse dite LeBorgne was the child of Maurice GAUSSE and Marguerite BLAY

Françoise was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1661.

She married  Nicolas Durand 12 September 1661 in Québec, Canada, New France (Quebec City) .  The couple had (at least) 1 child. Nicolas Durand  was born 21 March 1636 in Paris, France .  He died 01 April 1663 in Château-Richer, Québec, Canada . 

She married  (2) Robert Laberge 28 May 1663 in Château-Richer, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 6 children. Robert Laberge  was born 24 May 1638 in , France .  He died 2 April 1712 in Château-Richer, Québec, Canada .  He was the son of Jacques LaBERGE and Marie POITEVIN.

Françoise Gausse dite LeBorgne died 08 March 1714 in Beauport, Québec, Canada, New France* .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

daughter of Maurice Leborgne Gausse and Madeleine Blay
Born at St-Martin Noyon Picardie France

Canadian Genealogy Index, 1600s-1900s
Quebec, Genealogical Dictionary of Canadian Families (Tanguay Collection), 1608-1890 (in French)
U.S. and Canada, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Françoise Gausse dite LeBorgne married immigrant France Nicolas Durand-- Date: 12 September 1661 Place: Québec, Canada, New France (Quebec City)
Notre-Dame, Québec, Quebec Canada

Added: 1/3/2013 4:26:44 PM  
Updated: 12/19/2014 2:54:21 PM

Canada/New France Marie-Ursule Durand (b.4 June 1662, Château-Richer, Canada, New France   d. 25 August 1750, Beauport, Québec, Canada, New France* )

Françoise Gausse dite LeBorgne married immigrant France Robert Laberge-- Date: 28 May 1663 Place: Château-Richer, Canada, New France 

Robert Laberge was the son of Jacques LaBERGE and Marie POITEVIN

La Visitation de Notre-Dame

Name: Rober Laberge
Birth Date:
Spouse's Name: Francoise Goosse
Spouse's Birth Date:
Spouse's Birthplace:
Spouse's Age:
Event Date: 28 May 1663
Event Place: Chateau Richer, Montmorency I, Quebec
Father's Name:
Mother's Name:
Spouse's Father's Name:
Spouse's Mother's Name:
Race: White
Marital Status: Unknown
Previous Wife's Name:
Spouse's Race: White
Spouse's Marital Status: Widowed
Spouse's Previous Husband's Name: Nicolas Durand
Indexing Project (Batch) Number: M01734-5
System Origin: Canada-EASy
GS Film number: 1018161
Reference ID: P 129

"Canada Marriages, 1661-1949," index, FamilySearch ( ark:/ 61903/ 1:1:F2KL-G2D : accessed 21 April 2015), Rober Laberge and Francoise Goosse, 28 May 1663; citing Chateau Richer, Montmorency I, Quebec, reference P 129; FHL microfilm 1,018,161.

Added: 1/9/2015 8:59:50 AM  
Updated: 4/21/2015 11:59:06 AM

Canada/New France Geneviève Laberge (b.20 April 1664, Château-Richer, Canada, New France   d. 10 May 1737, Deschambault, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Françoise Laberge (b.27 January 1666, Château-Richer, Canada, New France   d. 6 February 1666, Château-Richer, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Catherine Laberge (b.14 September 1667, Château-Richer, Canada, New France   d. 27 March 1742, Québec, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France François Laberge (b.12 June 1669, Château-Richer, Canada, New France   d. 26 June 1728, Château-Richer, Canada, New France )

Canada/New France Nicolas Laberge (b.26 February 1672, L'Ange-Gardien, Canada, New France  d. , )

Canada/New France Guillaume Laberge (b.30 April 1674, L'Ange-Gardien, Canada, New France  d. , )

Lifetime Events

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Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (
Added: 1/6/2015 11:48:07 AM - Beckie  Updated: -

France 1635 - France enters Thirty Years War as an active combatant. Franco-Spanish War begins.

France 1638 - King Louis XIV born in France
History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon

Thunderworks ( -

France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne

France 1659 - France and Spain sign the Treaty of the Pyrenees.

France On August 26, 1660, Louis XIV made a triumphal entry into Paris with his wife, Marie-Therese. The royal couple took their places...
Louis XIV wasn't just a ceremonial king who represents the kingdom, but makes no decisions of his own... His regime was considered an absolute monarchy, and Louis XIV was the sole master. No...Read MORE...

1661 Marriage / Partner
Françoise Gausse dite LeBorgne and Nicolas Durand 12 September 1661, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1662 Birth of Child
Marie-Ursule Durand was born 4 June 1662, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada

1663 Marriage / Partner
Françoise Gausse dite LeBorgne and Robert Laberge 28 May 1663, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada

Canada 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced...Read MORE...

1663 Death of Spouse/Partner
Nicolas Durand died 01 April 1663, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada

1664 Birth of Child
Geneviève Laberge was born 20 April 1664, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada

Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1666 Birth of Child
Françoise Laberge was born 27 January 1666, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1667 Birth of Child
Catherine Laberge was born 14 September 1667, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...

Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1669 Birth of Child
François Laberge was born 12 June 1669, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1672 Birth of Child
Nicolas Laberge was born 26 February 1672, L'Ange-Gardien, Québec, Canada

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...

Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1674 Birth of Child
Guillaume Laberge was born 30 April 1674, L'Ange-Gardien, Québec, Canada

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake St. Louis, its widest point in the Montreal area. On the opposite shore, the inhabitants of the...Read MORE...

Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps. acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October) about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1701 - 40 First Nation tribes, French Colonial Government signed Great Peace of Montreal
On August 4, 1701, some 40 Aboriginal nations gathered in Montreal. On that day, their representatives dinged the Treaty of Montreal. People in Montreal would remember this ceremony for a long time....Read MORE...

Canada 1702 - Having begun in Europe in 1701, The War of the Spanish Succession spreads to North America (Queen Anne's War) in Acadia and New England. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1710 - British Capture Port Royal, Rename Fort Anne
The Acadian community of Port Royal is captured by Francis Nickolson for the British and renamed it Fort Anne, and the community, Annapolis Royal. Daniel d'Auger de Subercase (1661-1732), with less...Read MORE...

1712 Death of Spouse/Partner
Robert Laberge died 2 April 1712, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada

Canada 1713 - Treaty of Utrecht ended Queen Anne's War (War of the Spanish Succession)
Hudson's Bay, Acadia and Newfoundland now all belonged to the English. Cape Breton belonged to the French.
History of Quebec for Dummies by Eric Bedard, published by John Wiley & Sons, Canada, Ltd. -

08 March 1714
Beauport, Québec, Québec, Canada*

Cimetiere de Beauport Beauport Capitale-Nationale Region Quebec, Canada
Canada, Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current
Quebec, Genealogical Dictionary of Canadian Families (Tanguay Collection), 1608-1890 (in French)
Quebec, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1967

Added: 1/3/2013 4:26:23 PM

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