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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? Among Catholics, It is said that reciting one thousand Hail Marys on December 24 would ensure obtaining a special favour. While preparing the réveillon for Christmas Eve, therefore, mothers would recite their one thousand Hail Marys without fail for they always had a small favour to ask the Virgin Mary on behalf of one of their children or their husband.


Geneviève Gamache - Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes (Collection Tanguay), Québec, 1608 à 1890
Geneviève Gamache

Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes (Collection Tanguay), Québec, 1608 à 1890 

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immigrant Fille a Marier France  Geneviève  Gamache

  (b. 13 October 1636, France   d. 5 November 1709 L'Islet, Québec, Canada )  

Geneviève Gamache was born 13 October 1636 in , France. Geneviève Gamache was the child of

Geneviève was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1652.

She married  Julien Fortin dit Bellefontaine 11 November 1652 in Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) .  The couple had (at least) 12 children. Julien Fortin dit Bellefontaine  was born 9 February 1621 in , France .  He died 10 August 1692 in L'Islet, Québec, Canada . 

Geneviève Gamache died 5 November 1709 in L'Islet, Québec, Canada .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Daughter of Nicolas Gamache and Jacqueline Cadot

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Geneviève Gamache married immigrant France Julien Fortin dit Bellefontaine-- Date: 11 November 1652 Place: Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City) Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin. 

Notre-Dame, Québec, Quebec, Canada

Added: 1/3/2013 2:53:33 PM  
Updated: 4/21/2016 8:28:43 AM

Canada/New France Barbe Fortin dite Bellefontaine (b.21 October 1654, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. 26 August 1737, L'Islet, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Charles Fortin dit Bellefontaine (b.3 September 1656, , Québec Province, Canada   d. 22 June 1735, L'Islet, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Eustache Fortin (b.abt. 1658, , Québec Province, Canada   d. 21 January 1736, Cap-St-Ignace, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Jacques Fortin dit Bellefontaine (b.12 January 1660, Québec, Québec, Canada   d. 28 February 1730, Baie-Saint-Paul, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Marie-Geneviève Fortin (b.8 April 1662, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada   d. 21 March 1703, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Joseph Fortin (b.15 May 1664, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada   d. 12 July 1704, Saint-Joachim, Montmorency, Québec, Canada)

Canada/New France Marie-Anne Fortin (b.1 March 1666, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada   d. 28 December 1702, Québec, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Julien Fortin (b.17 April 1667, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada   d. 21 November 1687, Saint-Joachim, Montmorency, Québec, Canada)

Canada/New France Pierre Fortin (b.21 May 1669, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada   d. 3 January 1756, L'Islet, Québec, Canada )

Canada/New France Louis Fortin (b.07 March 1671, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec, Canada   d. 08 December 1687, Saint-Joachim, Montmorency, Québec, Canada)

Canada/New France Jean Fortin (b.1 July 1674, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec, Canada   d. , )

Canada/New France Marguerite Fortin (b.28 May 1677, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec, Canada   d. 15 January 1703, Québec, Québec, Canada )

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Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (
Added: 1/6/2015 11:47:26 AM - Beckie  Updated: -

France 1638 - King Louis XIV born in France
History of France : Highlights from Louis XIV to Napoleon

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France 1643 - King Louis XIII dies, Louis XIV assumes French throne

1652 Marriage / Partner
Geneviève Gamache and Julien Fortin dit Bellefontaine 11 November 1652, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1654 Birth of Child
Barbe Fortin dite Bellefontaine was born 21 October 1654, Québec, Québec, Canada

1656 Birth of Child
Charles Fortin dit Bellefontaine was born 3 September 1656, , Québec Province, Canada

Canada 1659 - François de Laval arrives in Québec as vicar general of the pope (June). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1660 - Adam Dollard des Ormeaux and about sixty others withstand an attack by over 500 Iroquois at Long Sault (May). It is traditionally said that the small party fights so well that the Iroquois decide not to attack Montréal. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1660 Birth of Child
Jacques Fortin dit Bellefontaine was born 12 January 1660, Québec, Québec, Canada

1662 Birth of Child
Marie-Geneviève Fortin was born 8 April 1662, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada

Canada 1663 - Québec becomes a royal province. The first Filles du roi (Kings Daughters) arrive in New France during the summer
In 1663, the King Louis XIV took over direct control of the government of New France, making it a Crown colony with Québec becoming a Royal Province. Royal governors and other officials replaced...Read MORE...

1664 Birth of Child
Joseph Fortin was born 15 May 1664, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada

Canada 1666 - The Carignan-Salières regiment destroys five Mohawk villages, eventually leading to peace between the Iroquois and the French. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1666 Birth of Child
Marie-Anne Fortin was born 1 March 1666, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada

Canada 1667 - The result of Canada's first census is 3215 non-native inhabitants. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1667 Birth of Child
Julien Fortin was born 17 April 1667, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada

Canada 1667 - Filles Du Roi Arrive
October 27: One hundred and nine (109) young ladies (Filles du Roi) arrived in Quebec from Dieppe and La Rochelle; 84 from Dieppe, 25 from La Rochelle. Only 15-20 were from good families, several...Read MORE...

Canada 1668 - The Carignan-Salières regiment is recalled to France, but several hundred choose to remain behind, many in return for local seigneuries. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1669 Birth of Child
Pierre Fortin was born 21 May 1669, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada

Canada 1670 - The Hudson's Bay Company is founded by royal charter and, underwritten by a group of English merchants, is granted trade rights over Rupert's Land -- i.e., all territory draining into Hudson Bay (May 2). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1671 Birth of Child
Louis Fortin was born 07 March 1671, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec, Canada

Canada 1672 - Comte de Frontenac becomes governor general of New France, later quarrelling frequently with the intendant and the bishop. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1673 - Final Group of Filles du Roi Arrive
September: The last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived Quebec from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years...Read MORE...

Canada 1673 - Frontenac sends Marquette and Jolliet to explore the Missippi. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

Canada 1674 - Laval becomes the first bishop of Québec. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1674 Birth of Child
Jean Fortin was born 1 July 1674, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec, Canada

1677 Birth of Child
Marguerite Fortin was born 28 May 1677, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec, Canada

Canada 1686 - De Troyes and D'Iberville capture three English posts on James Bay (June-July). about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1687 Death of Child
Julien Fortin died 21 November 1687, Saint-Joachim, Montmorency, Québec, Canada

1687 Death of Child
Louis Fortin died 08 December 1687, Saint-Joachim, Montmorency, Québec, Canada

Canada 1689 - Attacked by Iroquois - Lachine Massacre
On the night of August 4-5, 1689, nearly 1,500 Iroquois warriors crossed the St. Lawrence at Lake St. Louis, its widest point in the Montreal area. On the opposite shore, the inhabitants of the...Read MORE...

Canada 1690 - Port Royal is captured by British forces led by Phipps. acadtime.htm -

Canada 1690 - Frontenac repels Phips' (sent from Massachusetts) attack on Québec (October) about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1692 Death of Spouse/Partner
Julien Fortin dit Bellefontaine died 10 August 1692, L'Islet, Québec, Canada

Canada 1701 - 40 First Nation tribes, French Colonial Government signed Great Peace of Montreal
On August 4, 1701, some 40 Aboriginal nations gathered in Montreal. On that day, their representatives dinged the Treaty of Montreal. People in Montreal would remember this ceremony for a long time....Read MORE...

Canada 1702 - Having begun in Europe in 1701, The War of the Spanish Succession spreads to North America (Queen Anne's War) in Acadia and New England. about/ links/ resources/ canadian-history/ prehistory-to-1800.html -

1702 Death of Child
Marie-Anne Fortin died 28 December 1702, Québec, Québec, Canada

1703 Death of Child
Marguerite Fortin died 15 January 1703, Québec, Québec, Canada

1703 Death of Child
Marie-Geneviève Fortin died 21 March 1703, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada

1704 Death of Child
Joseph Fortin died 12 July 1704, Saint-Joachim, Montmorency, Québec, Canada

5 November 1709
L'Islet, Québec, Canada

Added: 1/3/2013 2:53:06 PM

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