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Did You Know?Quebec - Did you know? It is said that on the stroke of midnight, farm animals acquired the marvellous and unusual gift of speech. Oxen, cows, horses, pigs, and poultry began to speak to one another and to exchange strange secrets about humans, particularly their masters. Bad luck, the risk of being struck dumb or, worse still, even death came to those who tried to spy on them. This belief was prevalent not only in France but also in Francophone Canada. Another belief says that at midnight, farm cattle kneel in the stable to worship the Infant Jesus. It is clear that these two beliefs are closely linked to the even older one that Jesus was born at midnight.


Over time, Quebec has gone through a series of name changes.

From its inception in the early 1600s until 1760, it was called Canada, New France
1760 to 1763, it was simply Canada
1763 to 1791 - Province of Quebec
1791 to 1867 - Lower Canada
1867 to present - Quebec, Canada

Thanks to Micheline MacDonald for providing this information.

Geneviève Gamache - Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes (Collection Tanguay), Québec, 1608 à 1890
Geneviève Gamache

Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes (Collection Tanguay), Québec, 1608 à 1890 

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immigrant Fille a Marier flag  Geneviève  Gamache

  (b. 13 October 1636, France   d. 5 November 1709 L'Islet, Canada, New France )  

Geneviève Gamache was born 13 October 1636 in , France. Geneviève Gamache was the child of

Geneviève was a Fille à Marier, arriving in New France by 1652.

She married  Julien Fortin dit Bellefontaine 11 November 1652 in Québec, Canada, New France .  The couple had (at least) 12 children. Julien Fortin dit Bellefontaine  was born 9 February 1621 in , France .  He died 10 August 1692 in L'Islet, Québec, Canada (L'Islet-sur-Mer) (Notre-Dame-de-Bon-Secours) . 

Geneviève Gamache died 5 November 1709 in L'Islet, Canada, New France .

Pedigree Chart Pedigree Chart Family Group Record Family Group Record Invention Inventions

Daughter of Nicolas Gamache and Jacqueline Cadot

Marriage / Partner(s) and Child(ren)

Geneviève Gamache married immigrant flag Julien Fortin dit Bellefontaine-- Date: 11 November 1652 Place: Québec, Canada, New France Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection) [database on-line]. Original data: Gabriel Drouin, comp. Drouin Collection. Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Institut Généalogique Drouin. 

Notre-Dame, Québec, Quebec, Canada

Added: 1/3/2013 2:53:33 PM  
Updated: 4/21/2016 8:28:43 AM

flag Barbe Fortin dite Bellefontaine (b.21 October 1654, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 26 August 1737, L'Islet, Canada, New France )

flag Charles Fortin dit Bellefontaine (b.3 September 1656, , Québec Province, Canada   d. 22 June 1735, L'Islet, Canada, New France )

flag Eustache Fortin (b.abt. 1658, , Québec Province, Canada   d. 21 January 1736, Cap-St-Ignace, Canada, New France )

flag Jacques Fortin dit Bellefontaine (b.12 January 1660, Québec, Canada, New France   d. 28 February 1730, Baie-Saint-Paul, Canada, New France )

flag Marie-Geneviève Fortin (b.8 April 1662, Château-Richer, Canada, New France   d. 21 March 1703, Château-Richer, Canada, New France )

flag Joseph Fortin (b.15 May 1664, Château-Richer, Canada, New France   d. 12 July 1704, Saint-Joachim, Montmorency, Canada, New France)

flag Marie-Anne Fortin (b.1 March 1666, Château-Richer, Canada, New France   d. 28 December 1702, Québec, Canada, New France )

flag Julien Fortin (b.17 April 1667, Château-Richer, Canada, New France   d. 21 November 1687, Saint-Joachim, Montmorency, Canada, New France)

flag Pierre Fortin (b.21 May 1669, Château-Richer, Canada, New France   d. 3 January 1756, L'Islet, Canada, New France )

flag Louis Fortin (b.07 March 1671, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Canada, New France   d. 08 December 1687, Saint-Joachim, Montmorency, Canada, New France)

flag Jean Fortin (b.1 July 1674, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Canada, New France   d. , )

flag Marguerite Fortin (b.28 May 1677, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Canada, New France   d. 15 January 1703, Québec, Canada, New France )

Fille a Marier

"When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.

So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.

At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home." (
Added: 1/6/2015 11:47:26 AM - Beckie  Updated: -

1652 Marriage / Partner
Geneviève Gamache and Julien Fortin dit Bellefontaine 11 November 1652, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1654 Birth of Child
Barbe Fortin dite Bellefontaine was born 21 October 1654, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1656 Birth of Child
Charles Fortin dit Bellefontaine was born 3 September 1656, , Québec Province, Canada (Quebec)

1660 Birth of Child
Jacques Fortin dit Bellefontaine was born 12 January 1660, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1662 Birth of Child
Marie-Geneviève Fortin was born 8 April 1662, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

1664 Birth of Child
Joseph Fortin was born 15 May 1664, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

1666 Birth of Child
Marie-Anne Fortin was born 1 March 1666, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

1667 Birth of Child
Julien Fortin was born 17 April 1667, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

1669 Birth of Child
Pierre Fortin was born 21 May 1669, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

1671 Birth of Child
Louis Fortin was born 07 March 1671, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec, Canada (Beaupre)

1674 Birth of Child
Jean Fortin was born 1 July 1674, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec, Canada (Beaupre)

1677 Birth of Child
Marguerite Fortin was born 28 May 1677, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Québec, Canada (Beaupre)

1687 Death of Child
Julien Fortin died 21 November 1687, Saint-Joachim, Montmorency, Québec, Canada

1687 Death of Child
Louis Fortin died 08 December 1687, Saint-Joachim, Montmorency, Québec, Canada

1692 Death of Spouse/Partner
Julien Fortin dit Bellefontaine died 10 August 1692, L'Islet, Québec, Canada (L'Islet-sur-Mer) (Notre-Dame-de-Bon-Secours)

1702 Death of Child
Marie-Anne Fortin died 28 December 1702, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1703 Death of Child
Marguerite Fortin died 15 January 1703, Québec, Québec, Canada (Quebec City)

1703 Death of Child
Marie-Geneviève Fortin died 21 March 1703, Château-Richer, Québec, Canada (La Visitation-de-Notre-Dame de Chateau-Richer)

1704 Death of Child
Joseph Fortin died 12 July 1704, Saint-Joachim, Montmorency, Québec, Canada

5 November 1709
L'Islet, Québec, Canada (L'Islet-sur-Mer) (Notre-Dame-de-Bon-Secours)

Added: 1/3/2013 2:53:06 PM

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